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Advaitham-Shri Mahaswamigal

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Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham

For those South Indian Brahmins,who need clarification,about the history and origin of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham,here is links


Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham was established by Sri Adi Sankara in the year 482 B.C. (see About and History) and has the distinction of an unbroken line of 70 Acharyas (spiritual leaders). On this web site, we present you with several aspects of Sanatana Dharma, Hinduism and Advaita Vedanta (running into several thousands of pages).


Maithreem Bhajatha....

Composer: H.H. ChandrasEkhara Saraswati Swamigal aka Mahaswami.
Language: Samskritam

maitrIm bhajata, akhila hrit jaitrIm |
Atmavad Eva parAnn api pashyata |
yudhham tyajata, spardhAm tyajata |
tyajata parEShu akrama-AkramaNam ||

jananI prithivI kAma-dukhArtE |
janako dEvah sakala dayALuh |
'dAmyata, datta, dayadhvam' janatA |
shrEyO bhUyAt sakala janAnAnAm ||
shrEyO bhUyAt sakala janAnAnAm ||
shrEyO bhUyAt sakala janAnAnAm ||


Here the poet has used 'dAmyata, datta, dayadhvam' phrase in the last stanza, very significantly. There is a story and scope for wide ranging interpretation on it.

The story occurs in Brihad Aranyaka Upanishad (and some other places). In Br Ar Upanishad 5.2.2, it runs like this: Long back, there were three kinds of children (sons) for Prajapati, the Creator. In olden days father himself would be the teacher for most of their kids, to start with. After their studies under him all these three groups of children approached Prajapati and asked him for a sort of final sermon-like-teaching before they say good-bye!

Sanskrit & (English) format now: devA Uchuh "bravItu no bhavAn" - iti |
(Gods said to him: "Please teach us")
tEbhyo ha etad akSharam uvAcha 'da' iti |
(He said to them, the single syllable 'da.)
vyjNAsiShTA - iti |
( 'Did you understand?' - (he asked them))
'vyajNAsiShma' iti ha Uchuh |
("(Yes), we have understood" - they told (him))
"dAmyata iti na Attha"- iti |
("(What) you said (to us is) 'Control yourselves (dAmyata')")
"Om" - iti ha uvAcha, vyajNasiShTA iti |
"That is OK", he said, "you have understood (it)!"

Then, the men approached him and asked, "Please teach us, father!" He told them also the same single syllable 'da', and asked them too, "Did you understand what I told you?" They, the men told, "Yep, we have. You told us to 'be charitable' ('datta'), isn't it?" "That is OK", he said, "you have got it!"

Next was the turn of the demons. When they too approached their father and asked him, "Please teach us", he told them also the same single syllable 'da'. "Have you understood it?", he asked them. They said, "Ya, we have. You told us to 'be merciful ('dayadhwam'); isn't it?" "That's OK", he said, "you have grasped it!"

Then, at that instant, a heavenly voice is heard thundering" "da, da, da; dAmyata, datta, dayadhwam !" That is why one should learn this triad, triple axioms: self-control('damam'), charity('dAnam') and mercy('dayA')!

In the above story, even though the author has used the terms as gods ('dEvAh'), men ('manuShyAh') and demons ('asurAh'), they may also be construed as the good men in respectable positions, common men and aggressive men in power with evil potentials - respectively. Every one may have more than one, even triple personalities, depending on several factors such as circumstance, interaction etc. Hence, the basic instruction is to observe all the three "da's" meant for all the disciplines.

Mahaswamigal Divine Thoughts

That which is within all, which is seen as "This" is the source. He who is within and sees as "This" is God. It is the reality. It is in yourself. What is limited is Sadhana; what is unlimited is the end.


King of Travancore writes

Sri Mahadevendrasaraswathi Sripada the foremost of the devout disciples of Sri Chandrasekharendrasaraswathi the lord of the ascetics and who was installed on the throne (lion-seat), at the institution of Srimad Sankara Bhagavadapadacharya who was the greatest among the preceptors of the holy order of Paramahamsa Parivrajakas.

My Understanding of advaitham=non-duality.

My Understanding of advaitham=non-duality.

Agara Mudhalla Ezuthellam Adi Bhagavan Mudhattray Ulagu=Thiru Valluvar=Advaitham=Non-Duality

Brahmana,Kshatriya,Vaishya,Shudra are only personality traits existing in humans all over earth.Based on the above four traits,permutation combination of various gunas (natures) emerge in a human being.All of us in the world are born as Shudras initially,but by virtue of our human nature displayed,we get bracketed into one of the four as stated above.

The learned sages/rishis/seers/teachers/gurus/bhagavan have said,lets take human anatomy as an example:

The face which is part of the head constitutes the 'brahmana'.=Intellectual,Advicer,Ruler,Governor,President,Chief-Minister,Prime Minister..etc
The arms which is protection for self-defense or offence,form part of chest region='Kshatriya'=Warrior,Defense Personnel,Security Personnel..etc.
The stomach forms part of the digestive system='Vaishya'=Business people,Trader,Industrialist.....etc
The feets which form part of legs='Shudra'=Who serve & equally govern all the above mebtioned people=Politicians,Leaders,Kings&Queens,...etc.

Despite such profiling of human beings,the ultimate is 'survival of the fittest'.The most compassionate human being survives and is successful in life.Love All Serve All.

Since color of the skin is being given undue importance,=the color of the skin should be divided as White,Yellow,Brown,Black.(Every normal human being has one head,two eyes,two ears,one mouth,one nose,two hands,one stomach,two legs & two feet) but somehow the visual impact of 'drishti' is making brains (budhi) go wonky tonky & common sense is getting lost,why?Becoz to make admin easy,they divide & rule in consensus.So,profiling is done and people become judgemental.Now profiling is done based on educational qualifications thereby enabling to acheive the above four traits of personalities.

Now,when we extend this to Sanathana Dharma aka hinduism is the popular definition=but, i define Sanathana Dharma as all encompassing of all religions in humanity=Advaitham=non-duality.Therefore hinduism is one among the many religions in the world.I include Abrahamic faiths like Judaism,Christanity,Islam also in Sanathana Dharma,and give Lord Abraham & Goddess Sara a place in my belief system of Sanathana Dharma ( as A B R A H A M is B R A H M A A and S A R A is S A R A S W A T H Y,from abrahams lineage came Moses,Jesus,Prophet Mohammad),as they include the same values of good life,which is what Sanathana Dharma is all about in the first place..=Advaitham=non-duality.

Again technically speaking color is only V I B G Y O R as violet,indigo,blue,green,orange,red when natural light from Sun,passes as sun rays, into prismatic model to refract light.

Orange represents Surya Bhagavan = Saffron Color.

White represents Chandra Bhagavan=White Color.

Red represents Angarakkan Bhagavan=Red Color.

Green Represents Budhan Bhagavan=Green Color.

Yellow Represents Brihaspathy=Yellow Color.

Whiteish Yellow Represents Shukran Bhagavan= Pale Yellow Color.

Violet,Indigo,Blue Represents Rahu,Kethu,Shanishwaran = Violet,Indigo,Blue color.

So,Nyattri Kizhamai,Thingatt Kizhamai,Budhan Kizhamai,Vyazhan Kizhamai,Welly Kizhamai,Shanieswaran Kizhamai,are nothing but celestial objects being used to demarcate Kaalam or time as seconds,hours,days,months,year,eras & eons(trasarenu,ahoram,muhurtham,naal,paksham,maasam,varusham=ayanam=uttara & dakshinam,yugam..etc).

Our gurus,termed the celestial objects as bhagavan ( so when celestial objects itself is termed as bhagavan then naturally people are also bhagavans according to gurus who are teachers in humanity) ,becoz they have an self-propelled orbital path just as bhu-loka has a self-propelled orbital path around surya bhagavan.Since bhu-loka is moving on its axis and revolving around surya bhagavan,our gurus called earth as bhu-devi or mother earth.As devi is the shakthi of shivan or mahalakshmi wife of vishnu or saraswathi wife of brahma.The trinity of existence/consciouness in all spheres of lives.The three becoming One consciousness is what guru strive to teach us,and its left to each individual to grasp this vidya,and perform services for people in bhu-loka for sanathana of yuge yuge.

Our gurus,therefore concluded in saying that,divinity is inherent in each and every body in bhu-loka as well as other lokas and we all live within divinity.This divine consciouness should get acknowledged and one must lead & live life with gratitude,respecting this sentiment in all,by giving respect and taking respect.


Mahaswamigal almost 100 years of age picture



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To All: S007ji; The sounds of Drum, Vina, Conch,Elephant sound, like 10 types of sounds every one can hear in meditation.. The method was expl by yajnavalkayer in the upnisad. If you read and understand you will agree "Thathvamasi".Our great Reshis capture the sound current from the either and given to the universe as vethas. This 4 vethas for whole world not for one nation Bharatham. S.R.K.
To: S007Bala, Your best understanding of advaitham is great,your expl was the correct meaning and I under stood that your having good knowledge in Sanskrit. S.R.K.
sb said
"Our gurus,therefore concluded in saying that,divinity is inherent in each and every body in bhu-loka as well as other lokas and we all live within divinity."

final conculsion is "sarvam idam ishvaraha" THAT IS ADVAITHAM khe,khe,khe
this within divinity is intermediate not final....khe,khe...

According to the copper-plate inscription I mentioned earlier, a Brahmin had distributed the land received from Acyutaraya among 108 fellow Brahmins. All their names and gotras are mentioned in it, together with the subjects in which they were proficient. Among them figures the names of the ancestor of the people who came to see me, people descended from the family in which the snake child was born. The copper-plate had come as a family heirloom through so many generations. An interesting fact emerging from the inscription was that the name of the ancestor mentioned on thecopper-plate was Nagesvara. I was told by my visitors that the family had a Nagesvara every successive generation.

I could guess at once that the name was associated with the snake child. It seemed to answer my doubts about its story. When I heard the news last year of the birth of a snake to a woman, I had more reason to believe the earlier story of the snake child.


A special feature of our language is that each syllable of every word is pronounced distinctly. Take the English word "world". The sound of the first syllable has no clear form; it is neither "we" nor "wo". Then the letter "r" is slurred over. There are many such indistinct words in foreign tongues. They come under the category of "avyakta-sabda" (indistinct sounds). In our country all languages are "spasta"(clear and distinct).
In the languages of many other countries there is no accord between spelling and pronunciation. For the sound of "ka" there are three letters in English "k", "c" and "q". Such is not the case with our languages. The "f" sound in English is represented in three different ways as illustrated in the words "fairy", "philosophy", "rough". When you say "c" as a letter of the English alphabet, it sounds like a "sa-kara" letter, but many words with the initial letter "c" have the "ka-kara" sound. The "sa-kara" sound occurs only in a few words like "cell", "celluloid", "cinema". The spelling is totally unrelated to the pronunciation as in "station" and "nation".

The Roman alphabet has only 26 letters and is easy to learn. The alphabets of our languages have more letters and are comparatively difficult to learn. But, once you have learned them, our languages are easier to read and write than their European counterparts. Take English, for instance. Even a person who has passed his M. A. has often to consult the dictionary for spelling and pronunciation.

But among Indian languages themselves Sanskrit is the best in the matter of spelling and pronunciation. By saying this I do not mean that the languages of other countries are inferior to ours. At the same time, so far as our own country is concerned, I do not wish to downgrade other tongues in comparison with Sanskrit. I merely mentioned some facts to underline the point that Sanskrit fully represents the Supreme Being manifested as the Sabda-brahman.

The evolution of the script of any language must be based on symbols or signs denoting various "units" of its speech(phonemes). Most of the European languages including English are written in the Roman script. There is a script called Brahmi and the Asokan edicts are in it. In fact it is from Brahmi that the scripts of most Indian languages have evolved and these include not only the Devanagari script in which Sanskrit is written but also the Tamil and Grantha scripts.
The Brahmi lipi or script has two branches. Of the two, the Pallava Grantha script was prevalent in the South and it is from it that scripts of most of the Dravidian languages evolved.

The Telugu script has a unique feature. While in all other scripts the letters are written in a clockwise fashion, in Telugu there are letters written in an anticlockwise fashion, that is the loops are shaped leftward. Parasakti, the Supreme Goddess, is to the left of Isvara and there is leftist worship associated with her( "vama-marga"). For this reason it is believed that some of the letters of the Sricakra should be written in Telugu. The Andhra language itself is said to have a Saiva character. In most parts of India, the child is first taught to write the "Astaksari", [prayer to Vishu] but in Andhra Pradesh it is the "Siva Pancaksara". There are places sacred to Siva in three corners of this state: Kalahasti in the south, Srisailam in the west and Kotalingaksetram in the north. It is because this land is within the area marked by these lingas that it is called "Telungu-desa" (from "Trilinga"). Appayya Diksita has composed a stanza in which he expresses his regret that he was not born in Andhra.


The conditions of man corresponds to the changes in the position of the nine grahas. A human being does not enjoy happiness all the time nor does he always suffer hardships-- that is he experiences a mixture of happiness and sorrow. While he may be pushed up to a high position today, he may be thrust down to the depths tomorrow. It is not man alone that is subject to changes of fortune. Establishments too have their ups and downs, so also nations.

The sages saw a relationship between the position and movements of the planets and the destiny of man, the sorrow and happiness experienced by him. There is a branch of astrology called "hora--skandha". If we knew the planetary position at the time of commencing a job or enterprise, with its help we should be able to find out how it would take shape, how we would fare in it. If our horoscope is cast on the basis of the configuration of the planets at the time of our birth, our fortunes over the entire period of our life can be predicted.


Now people want to live in comfort and to be provided with all sorts of amenities. There is no end to their unseemly desires. In America, it is said, everybody has a bungalow, car, radio, telephone, etc. But are people there contented? No. There is more discontent in that country than in our own. There the incidence of crime is more than anywhere else. It is all right that every American has a car. But today's car is not good enough for them tomorrow. More and more new models keep coming in the market and each new model offers more comfort than the previous one. This means that the American citizen is compelled to earn more with the appearance of each new car. A time may come when aircraft will be used in the U. S. for people to fly from house to house.


The events described in one Sthala Purana are linked to those mentioned in another. Thus the strand of the same story is taken through a number of Puranas. We have to read them together to learn the entire story. That one Sthala Purana begins where another ends is one proof of their authenticity. Another proof that could be adduced is that it is these Sthala Puranas that fill the gaps in the 18 main Puranas and Upa-puranas.

Once Siva and Amba(Parvati) played dice in Kailasa. "I have won the game, " said Amba. "No, I am the winner, " said Siva. The two played thus to impart lessons in dharma to mankind. If now their game of dice ended in a quarrel it was because the divine couple wanted the world to learn that playing for stakes was an evil, that it leads to disputes and misconduct.


Talking of the varna system I am reminded of the early days of aviation. In the beginning the air ship[dirigible balloon] was filled with one gas bag. It was discovered that the vessel would collapse even if it sprang just one leak. So it was fitted with a number of smaller gas bags and kept afloat without much danger of its crashing. The principle of different duties and vocations for different sections of society is similar to what kept the old type of airship from collapsing. In the varna system we have an example of unity in diversity.

Fastening together a large number of individual fire sticks is not easy: the bundle is loosened quickly and the sticks will give way. The removal of even one stick will make the bundle loose and, with each stick giving way, you will be left with separate sticks. Try to tie together a handful of sticks at a time instead of all the sticks together. A number of such small sheaves may be easily fastened together into a strong and secure larger bundle. Even if it becomes loose, none of the smaller bundles will come away. This is not the case with the large bundle bound up of individual sticks. A bundle made up of a number of smaller sets will remain well secured.


Those who complain that women have no right to perform sacrifices on their own must remember that men too have no right to the same without a wife. If they know this truth they would not make the allegation that Hindu sastras look down upon women. A man can perform sacrifices only with his wife. He does them for the well-being of all mankind and for his own inner purity. It is for this purpose that, after the samavartana following the completion of his student-bachelorhood, he goes through the samskara called marriage.


The sacrifices, you will have seen, are of the utmost importance to our Vedic religion. The Lord himself has spoken about them in the Gita. When Brahma created the human species he also brought the yajnas or sacrifices into existence, bidding mortals thus: "Keep performing sacrifices. You will obtain all good fortune. May these sacrifices of yours be the cow (Kamadhenu) that grants you all you desire"

Saha-yajnah prajah srstva puro'vaca Prajapatih

Anena prasavisyadhvam esa vo'stvista-kamadhuk

If we assume that Brahma "created humans and with them sacrifices", it is likely to be construed that he first created human beings and then sacrifices. But actually it is stated in the Gita that Prajapati created yajna along with humankind (saha-yajnah prajah srstva). Yajna is mentioned first and then praja (mankind).


If we assume that Brahma "created humans and with them sacrifices", it is likely to be construed that he first created human beings and then sacrifices. But actually it is stated in the Gita that Prajapati created yajna along with humankind (saha-yajnah prajah srstva). Yajna is mentioned first and then praja (mankind).
just reflecting on this...

the process of creation itself is a sacrifice... that is explained in the purusha suktha itself... so yagnya is held in high reverance by vedic people, ie., us...

and that is why probably a grihastha's duties are divided into pancha maha yagnyas - Brahma/Deva/Pithru/Manushya/Bhootha...
the concept of yagya , is the very basis of "ARYAN" culture or refined culture.

we don't have to give a lot, but if we make a practice to give a little as a daily practice. that'll overcome our stinginess and misery overtime.

this lopa buddhi is - the major obstacle for any growth..

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