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Why is Lord Shiva called a madman?

சிவனை பித்தன் என்று அழைக்கக் காரணம் என்ன?

பித்தா பிறைசூடி பெருமானே அருளாளா என்று சிவனைப் பாடினார் சுந்தரர். சுந்தரரின் முதல் பாடலே இது தான். இறைவனை இவர் பித்தன் என அழைக்கக் காரணம் என்ன தெரியுமா?சுந்தரருக்கு திருமணம் நடக்க இருந்த வேளையில், அவரை ஆட்கொள்ள நினைத்த சிவன், முதியவர் வேடத்தில் வந்தார். சுந்தரர் தன் முன்னோருக்கும், தனக்கும் அடிமை என்றார். ஏ பித்தனே! நீ யார்? என்ன உளறுகிறாய்? என்று சுந்தரர் கடிந்து கொண்டார். பின்பு தான் வந்தது சிவன் என்ற உண்மை புரிந்தது. தன்னைப் பாடும்படி சிவன் கேட்கவே, என்ன சொல்லி ஆரம்பிப்பது என சுந்தரர் குழம்பினார். என்னை பித்தன் என்று திட்டினாயே! அந்த வார்த்தையிலேயே துவங்கு, என்றார். சுந்தரரும் அந்த வார்த்தையின் அர்த்த புஷ்டியைப் புரிந்து கொண்டார். சிவனின் தலையிலுள்ள கங்கை மூன்று முறை தான் மனிதர்களின் பாவத்தைப் பொறுப்பாள்.

ஆனால், அவரது துணைவி பார்வதியோ, எத்தனை தடவை வேண்டுமானாலும் பொறுத்துக் கொள்வாள். எத்தனை தடவை தப்பு செய்தாலும் பொறுப்பவளை தலையில் வைத்து கொண்டாடாமல், குறைந்த தடவை பொறுப்பவளை, சிவன் தனது தலையில் வைத்துக் கொண்டாடுகிறார். இத்தகைய புரிந்து கொள்ள முடியாத செயல்களைச் செய்வதால் அவரைப் பித்தன் என்றார் சுந்தரர்.!!!

ஆரூரா தியாகேசா நடராஜா நடராஜா!

The eccentricities of Lord Shiva, especially His attire, behavior - particularly the midnight dance at the cremation grounds surrounded by various strange beings, fondness to remain naked, and love for strange pets such as snakes and fawn, have attracted the loving and devout attention from His various adiyargal (devotees). This has resulted in the outpouring of their love for their Lord in the form of Thevaram and Thiruvachakam of Sambandar, Appar, Sundarar, Karaikal Ammaiyar, and Manickavachakar. Along with these writings, the background Puranic myths are mentioned. It is suggested that these ideas could be utilized to destigmatize mental illness among the sufferers and their carers.

  • Oh madman on whose locks rests the crescent moon
  • Sovereign Lord of grace abounding never more will I forget you
  • You are enshrined in my heart and in my mind!
  • In the holy temple of Arul Turai in the heart of Vennai Nallur
  • On the south banks of the Pennar You do abide

  • They call Him beggar, they speak ill of Him
  • They have fallen from the Path, those Buddhists, those erring Jains
  • But the Divine One who came to earth and begged for alms
  • He is the thief who stole my heart away
  • The elephant charged, bore down on Him
  • Oh wondrous sight! He tore its skin and wrap’t it round
  • Some call Him madman – He is our Lord of Brahmapuram.

This is how the first child prodigy (probably alluded to as Dravida Sisu by Adi Shankaracharya) of Thevaram, Thirugnanasambandar, addresses the Lord as mad and exemplifies His behavior variously in his native town of Sirkazhi (Brahmapuram).

Actually, Lord Shiva Is Called “Bholenath” Mostly in North India and Rarely in South India. The Term “Bholenath” means “The Innocent One” or “Simpleton”. There're Lot of Stories in different Scriptures About How Lord Shiva Got This Name.

Here's the One :

Shiva Who Doesn't Know the Worldly Affairs. Shiva doesn't seek to defy or deny the value of Cultural Rules, Rites, and Rituals. He is Simply Ignorant of them. He is not a Rebel; He is Simple and Pure. This is most Evident during the marriage of Shiva and Parvati.

Parvati insists that Shiva come to her house Like a Groom and ask her father for her hand in marriage. When her mother, Mena, and her sisters, Step out to Welcome the groom, the sight that awaits them horrifies them. Unlike normal grooms who come on a mare, Shiva comes on a bull. Instead of Being Draped in fine cloth and Sandal paste, He Comes Wrapped in animal hide and smeared with ash. Instead of Garlands around his neck, he has serpents. Instead of bearing a sword, he holds in his hands a Trident. Music is created not by flutes but by Rattle-drums. His attendant's demons and Ghosts and Goblins and witches, Ganas and Pramathas and Yakshas and Bhutas. Parvati's Family got disgusted by Shiva's Uncouth form. Parvati's Sisters and Aunts make fun of her. Parvati's father Himavan, Cannot Understand her daughter's choice of husband. He is a barbarian, a wild, uncouth hermit. The Goddess Realizes the tension between her family and her groom. She goes to Shiva and falls at his feet and Prays to him, ‘They're not enlightened enough to understand who you are. But you are Enlightened enough to understand where they come from. So only you can salvage this situation. Behave as they wish you to. Indulge them so that they acknowledge and accommodate you. Only when you Engage with them will they eventually realize who you are.

And so, Shiva, Touched by Parvati's Sensitivity to him and her family, decides to indulge the world. He transforms into Soma-Sundara, the one who is as beautiful as the moon. Stripped of the snakes and the animal hide, smeared with perfumes with the silks, he is the most handsome man anyone has ever seen, graceful and lithe, Regal in bearing. In this form, he asks the King of the mountains for Parvati's hand in marriage. It is Given. Everyone rejoices at the wedding of Shiva and Shakti. It is the one Occasion Where Eternal Enemies, Asuras, and Devas, Danced together.

Om Namah Shivaya.
Lord Shiva has many names. He is often referred to as ‘Bholenath’, translated as the Lord (Nath) of simplicity (Bhole). The word ‘bhole’ in Hindi means down to earth and innocent. He is easy to please and showers his blessings on his devotees without any complex rituals. He gets easily pleased with simple puja, a Kalash of water, and bael leaves. The great tapasvi is also the God of Destruction and hence many people fear him. He is the one who wanders in graveyards, has his body smeared with ashes, and has ghosts to accompany him. He is still childlike without any ego and arrogance.

Lord Shiva is a tapasvi who enjoys meditation and is devoid of wealth and has given his entire wealth to his wife Parvati also known as Prakruti. Hrishi-munis and yogis consider Lord Shiva as a fatherly figure and call him ‘baba’ meaning father. Taking into consideration his vulnerability, innocence, and charity he is known as ‘Bholenath’.

Sundaramurthi Nayanar flourished in the 8th century. He was a great devotee of Lord Siva and one of the Tamil Samaya Acharyas (four Tamil religious Teachers). Sundarar had the Sakhya Bhava or the attitude of a friend towards the Lord and freely demanded of the Lord whatever he wanted.

Sundaramurthi Nayanar was born Arurar in Thirunavalur village located in erstwhile Thirumunaippadi Nadu to Sadaya Nayanar and Isaignaniyar. His childhood name was Nambiyarurar. It is significant to note that both of his parents find a place among the 63 Nayanmars. Sundarar also known affectionately as “Thampiran Thozhan” (Comrade of Lord Shiva) and “Vanthondan” (the argumentative follower). He was a contemporary of Chola King Cheraman Perumal and Kotpuli Nayanar, both of who also figure in the 63 Nayanmars.​
There is a legend associated with Sundarar’s life—that he was once an attendant of Lord Shiva at Mount Kailas with the name Alala Sundarar. When the Milky Ocean was being churned by Devas and Asuras, a deadly poison began to spread on the surface of the ocean threatening the existence of all beings. Alala Sundarar collected the poison in his hands and gave it to Lord Siva—who drank it for the protection of the world. Hence, the word Alala (for Halahala, the poison) was prefixed to his name.

When Sundarar’s marriage was about to take place, Lord Shiva intervened and prevented it. In the guise of an old Brahmin he declared Sundarar to be bonded as his servant. He further said that Sundarar's grandfather, Aruran of Navalur had pledged him as a servant and had given this in writing on a palm leaf manuscript. Sundarar and those assembled for the wedding ceremony scoffed and called the ascetic a madman (piththan). When the crowd demanded the Brahmin show evidence, he told them to follow him to Thiruvennainallur where he had the original palm leaf manuscript.

On reaching Thiruarudthurai temple in Thiruvennainallur, the ascetic disappeared inside the sanctum—and the Lord’s divine voice was heard saying from inside, that He had come to remind Sundarar of his previous birth as Alala Sundarar—his servant at Mount Kailas. He further told Sundarar that since he quarrelled with him, he would henceforth be known as “Vanthondan” and asked Sundarar to worship him by way of singing his praise.

The document the Brahmin acetic produced read:

“I, Aruran, the Adi Saivite of Tirunavalur, execute this bond of slavery with heart and soul. I and my progeny for all time to come are bond-slaves to Piththan of Tiruvennai Nellur, and we are bound to serve him by all means.”

Piththan means Lord Siva who delights to be called a ‘mad man’, to exemplify the state of the highest Yogi whose behaviour resembles that of a mad man but who teaches us that there is nothing in this world worth taking notice of and indeed it is worldly men who are the mad ones. The Lord instructed Sundarar to compose a hymn starting with the word “piththan”. This resulted in his first song—Piththan Piraichudi". Since Lord Shiva stopped Sundarar’s wedding, the lord at Thiruvennainallur is called by the name “Thaduththatkonda Nathar”.

After this, Sundarar travelled and visited numerous sacred sites and temples and rendered many pathigams in praise of Lord Shiva. At some sthalams, it is believed his recitations created miracles.​


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