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India's billion-member biometric database raises privacy fears

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India's billion-member biometric database raises privacy fears

NEW DELHI | By Sanjeev Miglani and Manoj Kumar

Technology | Wed Mar 16, 2016 8:08am EDT Related: Tech
India's billion-member biometric database raises privacy fears

NEW DELHI | By Sanjeev Miglani and Manoj Kumar

NEW DELHI India's parliament is set to pass legislation that gives federal agencies access to the world's biggest biometric database in the interests of national security, raising fears the privacy of a billion people could be compromised.
The move comes as the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) cracks down on student protests and pushes a Hindu nationalist agenda in state elections, steps that some say erode India's traditions of tolerance and free speech.
It could also usher in surveillance far more intrusive than the U.S. telephone and Internet spying revealed by former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden in 2013, some privacy advocates said.
The Aadhaar database scheme, started seven years ago, was set up to streamline payment of benefits and cut down on massive wastage and fraud, and already nearly a billion people have registered their finger prints and iris signatures.
Now the BJP, which inherited the scheme, wants to pass new provisions including those on national security, using a loophole to bypass the opposition in parliament.
"It has been showcased as a tool exclusively meant for disbursement of subsidies and we do not realize that it can also be used for mass surveillance," said Tathagata Satpathy, a lawmaker from the eastern state of Odisha.
"Can the government ... assure us that this Aadhaar card and the data that will be collected under it – biometric, biological, iris scan, finger print, everything put together – will not be misused as has been done by the NSA in the U.S.?"
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has defended the legislation in parliament, saying Aadhaar saved the government an estimated 150 billion rupees ($2.2 billion) in the 2014-15 financial year alone.
A finance ministry spokesman added that the government had taken steps to ensure citizens' privacy would be respected and the authority to access data was exercised only in rare cases.
According to another government official, the new law is in fact more limited in scope than the decades-old Indian Telegraph Act, which permits national security agencies and tax authorities to intercept telephone conversations of individuals in the interest of public safety.
Those assurances have not satisfied political opponents and people from religious minorities, including India's sizeable Muslim community, who say the database could be used as a tool to silence them.
"We are midwifing a police state," said Asaduddin Owaisi, an opposition MP.
Raman Jit Singh Chima, global policy director at Access, an international digital rights organization, said the proposed Indian law lacked the transparency and oversight safeguards found in Europe or the United States, which last year reformed its bulk telephone surveillance program.
He pointed to the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which must approve many surveillance requests made by intelligence agencies, and European data protection authorities as oversight mechanisms not present in the Indian proposal.
The Indian government brought the Aadhaar legislation to the upper house of parliament on Wednesday in a bid to secure passage before lawmakers go into recess.
To get around its lack of a majority there, the BJP is presenting it as a financial bill, which the upper chamber cannot reject. It can return it to the lower house, where the ruling party has a majority.
In its assessment of the measure, New Delhi-based PRS Legislative Research said law enforcement agencies could use someone's Aadhaar number as a link across various datasets such as telephone and air travel records.
That would allow them to recognize patterns of behavior and detect potential illegal activities.
But it could also lead to harassment of individuals who are identified incorrectly as potential security threats, PRS said.
Sunil Abraham, executive director of the Bengaluru-based Centre for Internet and Society, said Aadhaar created a central repository of biometrics for almost every citizen of the world's most populous democracy that could be compromised.
"Maintaining a central database is akin to getting the keys of every house in Delhi and storing them at a central police station," he said.
"It is very easy to capture iris data of any individual with the use of next generation cameras. Imagine a situation where the police is secretly capturing the iris data of protesters and then identifying them through their biometric records."
($1 = 67.0500 Indian rupees)
(Additional reporting by Dustin Volz in WASHINGTON; Editing by Mike Collett-White)


A villager goes through the process of eye scanning for the Unique Identification (UID) database system at an enrolment centre in Merta district of the desert Indian state of Rajasthan, in this February 21, 2013 file photo.
Reuters/Mansi Thapliyal

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Village women stand in a queue to get themselves enrolled for the Unique Identification (UID) database system in Merta district of the desert Indian state of Rajasthan, in this February 22, 2013 file photo.
Reuters/Mansi Thapliyal

As per Nandan Nilekani the new Aadhaar bill has got better stringent privacy clauses! So why worry! The data base will be a blessing in disguise to control terrorist activities
India's billion-member biometric database raises privacy fears

NEW DELHI | By Sanjeev Miglani and Manoj Kumar

Technology | Wed Mar 16, 2016 8:08am EDT Related: Tech
India's billion-member biometric database raises privacy fears

NEW DELHI | By Sanjeev Miglani and Manoj Kumar

Trust the Reuters to be so much bothered about the privacy of the below the poverty line poor Indians who seek Government Doles to make their ends meet.

They did not have any such concern when USA was eavesdropping on their own Prime Minister (UK PM), Chancellor of Germany etc.

They had no qualms in seeking the arrest of wiki leaks Julian Asange for deportation to U S for releasing the classified US embassy documents.
If Aadhaar card is linked to Salary, pension, bank accounts of deposits / loans, property records of purchase / sales buying selling of high value articles etc ...there could not be much tax evaders.Only legal avoidance could be done.
An add on software to monitor personal data is expected to bring in the required details to the notice of the appropriate authorities.
Businessmen / traders could hide major part of their cash sales and be tax evaders as ever.
Corruption could go on undisturbed; but could be minimised.

People below poverty line and lower middle class have nothing to fear.
The ineligible who make false representation and avail freebies could be caught and will be made ineligible for freebies. Incurring subsidies by Govt. will be minimised and only to eligible.
Transparency would be more.
Those who have weight on the belt will have to fear.
These are only illustrative and not exhaustive.
But some innovations would be made by the law breakers and tax avoiders, to continue their activities
as usual.
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