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The Hinduization of India Is Nearly Complete Narendra Modi’s ethnonationalist rule is unraveling the country’s constitutional commitment to its Muslim

prasad1

Gold Member
Gold Member
When the British withdrew from the Indian subcontinent in 1947, paving the way for the independence of the newly partitioned nations of India and Pakistan, the Muslims of the region had a choice. They could resettle in Pakistan, where they would be among a Muslim majority, or remain in India, where they would live as a minority in a majority-Hindu but the constitutionally secular state.

For Shah Alam Khan, whose great-grandparents were among the roughly 35 million Muslims who opted to live on the Indian side of the Radcliffe Line in the aftermath of Partition, his family’s decision was in many ways a political gamble. “They didn’t want to go to a theocratic state,” Khan told me from his home in Delhi. Indeed, when Pakistan finally adopted a constitution, nine years after Partition, it enshrined Islam as the state religion. For his family, the promise of a pluralist India, as envisaged by the country’s founders, trumped the warnings of the pro-Partition Muslim League (which went on to become the party of Pakistan’s founders) that a Muslim minority would inevitably be subordinated to the Hindu majority.

Seventy-five years later, those warnings have gained a new prescience. Nominally, India remains a secular state and a multifaith democracy. Religious minorities account for roughly 20 percent of the country’s 1.4 billion people, who include about 200 million Muslims and 28 million Christians. But beneath the country’s ostensible inclusivity runs an undercurrent of Hindu nationalism that has gained strength during the eight-year rule of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The concern shared by many among the country’s religious minorities, as well as by more secular-minded liberals within the Hindu majority, is that the country’s secular and inclusive ethos is already beyond repair.

Muslims and Christians alike have faced a surge in communal violence in recent years. A raft of new laws has reached into their daily lives to interfere with the religious garments they wear, the food they eat, where and how they worship, and even whom they marry. Many of the Indian journalists, lawyers, activists, and religious leaders I’ve spoken with for this article say that the institutions on which the country once relied to keep this kind of ethnic supremacism in check—the courts, opposition parties, and independent media—have buckled.

To Khan, it feels as though the India he has inherited is gradually becoming another version of the theocratic state his family turned away from all those years ago. “They were promised a secular nation,” he said. For them, and for the country’s religious minorities today, “the unmaking of secular India is a betrayal.”

This ideal of a pluralist, secular India is popular not only among its religious minorities. A 2021 study conducted by the Pew Research Center found that by a wide margin, Indians of all faiths consider religious tolerance an essential part of what it means to be “truly Indian.” This civic value is as old as the country itself: Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister, rejected any concept of the nation as Hinduism’s answer to Pakistan. His India would not be “formally entitled to any religion as a nation,” he said, but a place where all faiths could coexist and be celebrated equally.

 
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prasad1

prasad1

Gold Member
Gold Member
For Indian Muslims, in particular, the situation is dire. During the recently passed holy month of Ramadan, they saw their houses and shops bulldozed, their businesses boycotted, and their religious gatherings heckled by Hindu-nationalist mobs. Open calls for genocide against Muslims have become commonplace, as have violent clashes and lynchings. Although the authorities generally avoid the appearance of explicitly endorsing these kinds of actions, they rarely go out of their way to condemn them. A recent open letter signed by more than 100 former civil servants accused the Indian government of being “fully complicit” in the subordination of the country’s religious minorities as well as in the undermining of the country’s constitution.

Shah Alam Khan, who teaches orthopedic medicine at Delhi’s All India Institute of Medical Sciences, considers himself relatively privileged compared with most Indian Muslims, who tend to be among the country’s poorer and more marginalized citizens. But even for him, he says, the country’s majoritarian turn has forced a change in his quotidian habits. He thinks twice before using the greeting Assalamualaikum, or using any other obviously Islamic phrase, in a crowded public space. Asked for his name, he typically offers only Shah, because it’s more common and less identifiably Muslim than his surname.

This type of self-surveillance has affected other members of his family. “Whenever I used to go meet my mom, she used to give me food,” Khan said. “But ever since [Modi] came to power, she stopped giving me that food, because a large part of that food used to be meat.” Cows are considered sacred to the Hindu faith, and their slaughter has been proscribed in most states—a rule often enforced by vigilante mobs. If Khan were stopped by a hostile crowd on suspicion of carrying beef, his mother feared, he could be arrested, even lynched.

 
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prasad1

prasad1

Gold Member
Gold Member
At grave personal risk, several Indian journalists have shed unflattering light on Modi’s majoritarian rule. Some have been jailed for their reporting. One is Siddique Kappan, who was charged with sedition and conspiracy to incite violence for trying to report on the gang rape and murder of a 19-year-old Dalit woman. (Dalits, pejoratively known as the “untouchables,” are at the bottom of India’s caste system.) Others, like Ayyub, have been hit with spurious fraud and money-laundering charges; their cases are laborious and expensive to defend. The BJP-controlled state does not need to worry about time or money, so the process is the punishment.

“There is no one left,” Ayyub said, noting that as the country’s high-profile figures in politics, law, and the media have been largely silenced, so, too, have celebrities in India’s entertainment industry. The most prominent example is Shah Rukh Khan, one of Bollywood’s biggest stars, as well as one of the country’s most influential Muslim figures, whose films portray India’s pluralism at its best. Last year, the actor’s son was embroiled in allegations of drug use—a charge seen by some as part of a broader effort by the government to crack down on its critics in the film industry, as well as an attempt to discredit Khan personally.

Khan not only embodies that anathema to the BJP of being a Muslim married to a Hindu, but he has also spoken out against religious intolerance in the country. By attacking a personality like Khan, Ayyub said, the government’s message was clear: “If it can happen to Shah Rukh Khan, the biggest superstar,” she said, “imagine what happens to a regular Muslim without the access.”

 

kaydora

Member
For Indian Muslims, in particular, the situation is dire. During the recently passed holy month of Ramadan, they saw their houses and shops bulldozed, their businesses boycotted, and their religious gatherings heckled by Hindu-nationalist mobs. Open calls for genocide against Muslims have become commonplace, as have violent clashes and lynchings. Although the authorities generally avoid the appearance of explicitly endorsing these kinds of actions, they rarely go out of their way to condemn them. A recent open letter signed by more than 100 former civil servants accused the Indian government of being “fully complicit” in the subordination of the country’s religious minorities as well as in the undermining of the country’s constitution.

Shah Alam Khan, who teaches orthopedic medicine at Delhi’s All India Institute of Medical Sciences, considers himself relatively privileged compared with most Indian Muslims, who tend to be among the country’s poorer and more marginalized citizens. But even for him, he says, the country’s majoritarian turn has forced a change in his quotidian habits. He thinks twice before using the greeting Assalamualaikum, or using any other obviously Islamic phrase, in a crowded public space. Asked for his name, he typically offers only Shah, because it’s more common and less identifiably Muslim than his surname.

This type of self-surveillance has affected other members of his family. “Whenever I used to go meet my mom, she used to give me food,” Khan said. “But ever since [Modi] came to power, she stopped giving me that food, because a large part of that food used to be meat.” Cows are considered sacred to the Hindu faith, and their slaughter has been proscribed in most states—a rule often enforced by vigilante mobs. If Khan were stopped by a hostile crowd on suspicion of carrying beef, his mother feared, he could be arrested, even lynched.

I am not sure whether you are endorsing the biased view and agenda portrayed in this article. My own lived experience is the opposite of this. The Muslims who remained in India after partition, would often chant, that they would take India with smiles and laughter. This is exactly what has been happening for the past 74 years. The Muslim population has increased to such levels that in states like Kashmir, Kerala, West Bengal and the border states, they are in the majority.
In most parts of India, they purposely occupy public places for namaz. They get away with fatwas towards public personalities with no respect towards the constitution of India, as if there is Sharia law. There have been multiple such personalities who have been killed as a result of this.
The Hindu populace of India has been tolerant to a fault, so much so that they have been taken advantage of time and time again. The current state of the Kashinath temple and Gyan Vapi mosque is a case in point. They were not only hiding a Shivling, but desecrating it in the most vile fashion.
This is the mindset of this community, whose only concern is to one day get rid of all kafirs by either converting them, telling them to leave the country or killing them.
I can go on with thousands of examples. If the Hindus remain a majority, the Muslims will be safe, however, the opposite is not true. Not only will the Hindu minority undergo genocide, but the remaining Muslims will turn against each other (Shia against Sunni against Ahmadi, against Bohras, etc).
The Atlantic and other such Western media organizations should focus on the mindless killing of young children because of the lax gun laws in their own country. India knows how to take care of its citizenry and does not need input from the likes of the Western media.
 

Nrcalifornia

New member
On your quoting Rana Ayyub:
She is not even self-consistent:
She xlaims the right to criticise Rama as a misogynist but doesn't give Nupur Sharma the right to criticise her religion's icons: please see the attached link.


Ms. Rana is not just being hypocritical, she together with Twitter use zoo_bear have elicited death threats on Ms. Nupur.

 
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prasad1

prasad1

Gold Member
Gold Member
I am not sure whether you are endorsing the biased view and agenda portrayed in this article. My own lived experience is the opposite of this. The Muslims who remained in India after partition, would often chant, that they would take India with smiles and laughter. This is exactly what has been happening for the past 74 years. The Muslim population has increased to such levels that in states like Kashmir, Kerala, West Bengal and the border states, they are in the majority.
According to the 2021 census estimation, West Bengal has over 31,144,763 Muslims, making up 30% of the state's population. The vast majority of Muslims in West Bengal are ethnic Bengali Muslims, numbering around 29 million and comprising 29% of the state population. What other border states are you talking about. I have lived and traveled in this region.

Kerala is a relatively small state, with a population of 33 million, but it has a far higher proportion of Muslims (27%, mostly Sunnis) than India as a whole (14%).

As per the census of 2011, Muslims are the majority in Jammu and Kashmir state. Muslims constitute 68.31% of the Jammu and Kashmir population.

The Jammu Division overall has a Hindu majority population – 56.50% practice Hinduism, 40.50% practice Islam, and most of the remainder are Sikhs.

India's population has more than trebled following the 1947 division of a colonial state into Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan - from 361 million people in 1951, to more than 1.2 billion people in 2011. (Independent India held its first census in 1951, and the last one was conducted in 2011.)

The number of Hindus increased from 304 million to 966 million; Muslims grew from 35 million to 172 million, and the number of Indians who say they are Christian rose from 8 million to 28 million.
  • Hindus make up 79.8% of India's 1.2 billion people in the 2011 census. 94% of the world's Hindus live in India
  • Muslims comprise 14.2% of Indians. India is home to one of the world's largest Muslim populations, surpassed only by Indonesia
  • Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains together make up 6% of the population


Please get your facts right.

You can not perpetuate a lie, your POV is originating from Bajarag Dal.



In most parts of India, they purposely occupy public places for namaz. They get away with fatwas towards public personalities with no respect towards the constitution of India, as if there is Sharia law. There have been multiple such personalities who have been killed as a result of this.

Again proof please, where is the truth?
The Hindu populace of India has been tolerant to a fault, so much so that they have been taken advantage of time and time again. The current state of the Kashinath temple and Gyan Vapi mosque is a case in point. They were not only hiding a Shivling, but desecrating it in the most vile fashion.
WE know that Muslim Kings destroyed Temples and built mosques on top of it.
THAT IS A FACT. But that is ancient history.

Hindu kings persecuted Buddhists and Jain people and destroyed places of their worship.

Hindu kings victorious in battles plundered the temples their vanquished rivals patronized, ferreted away the deities installed there, and in extreme cases, even broke them. Such instances are documented and known to historians.

This is the mindset of this community, whose only concern is to one day get rid of all kafirs by either converting them, telling them to leave the country or killing them.
I can go on with thousands of examples. If the Hindus remain a majority, the Muslims will be safe, however, the opposite is not true. Not only will the Hindu minority undergo genocide, but the remaining Muslims will turn against each other (Shia against Sunni against Ahmadi, against Bohras, etc).
The Atlantic and other such Western media organizations should focus on the mindless killing of young children because of the lax gun laws in their own country. India knows how to take care of its citizenry and does not need input from the likes of the Western media.

You very cunningly mix some known facts with lies and create a story to bolster your Hindutva point, or maybe just parroting them. But lacks proof.
 
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prasad1

prasad1

Gold Member
Gold Member
The tense and hostile situation in the country has begged the question: where is India headed? Over a billion people live in India, a state where in the past ethnic and religious differences have been exploited and resulted in deadly consequences. In the last few years, it seems the situation is reaching the boiling point with numerous episodes of violence and discriminatory measures aimed at marginalizing the country’s Muslims and other minority populations. PM Modi’s government has instrumentalized and weaponized differences, specifically religious differences, to gain support and in effect has emboldened and amplified a significant portion of society, leading Debasish Roy Chowdhury to draw similarities between 2021 India and 1930s Germany.

Perhaps nothing better captures the danger of a potential anti-Muslim genocide brewing in India than a video from a three-day event held in mid-December and attended by influential religious leaders, right-wing Hindu activists, and even members of the BJP. The viral footage showed hundreds of attendees raising Nazi-style salutes and vowing: “We all pledge, that until our last breath, we will make India a Hindu nation. We will fight and die and, if required, kill.”

 
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prasad1

prasad1

Gold Member
Gold Member
Imagine having grown up in a family that increasingly disowns you. At first, it is just a distant cousin or so who whispers that you do not ‘really’ belong to the family. It is easy to ignore such whispers because (shall we say) the aunties and uncles, the heads of the family, insist that you belong.

Then the whispers grow. They turn into shouts and abuse. And many of the family members who do not whisper stay silent when you are abused. Soon it is not just a far cousin who shouts that you do not really belong. It is people closer to you. It is even an uncle or an aunt at times. They dismiss you. They dismiss your positions because the moment you differ, you do not belong to the family. And what is worse, the heads of the family now maintain a ‘judicious silence.’

That is what I feel about India today.

 
Shameful Non-stop anti Hindu pro-jihadi propaganda in this forum.

Providing a platform to spread these kind of propaganda articles is directly responsible for Hindus getting killed everyday in Kashmir.

Utterly Shameful to carry out these propaganda in the name of TBs.
 
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prasad1

prasad1

Gold Member
Gold Member
Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book, "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".
The book says, "Central to (Hindutva) perception is the belief that Muslim rulers indiscriminately demolished Hindu temples and broke Hindu idols. They relentlessly propagate the canard that 60,000 Hindu temples were demolished during Muslim rule, though there is hardly any credible evidence for the destruction of more than 80 of them."

Presenting what he calls "a limited survey of the desecration, destruction and appropriation of Buddhist stupas, monasteries and other structures by Brahminical forces", Jha says, "Evidence for such destruction dates as far back as the end of the reign of Ashoka, who is credited with making Buddhism a world religion."

He adds, "A tradition recorded in a twelfth-century Kashmiri text, the Rajatarangini of Kalhana, mentions one of Ashoka’s sons, Jalauka. Unlike his father, he was a Shaivite, and destroyed Buddhist monasteries. If this is given credence, the attacks on Shramanic religions seem to have begun either in the lifetime of Ashoka or soon after his death."

According to Jha, "Other early evidence of the persecution of Shramanas comes from the post-Mauryan period, recorded in the Divyavadana, a Buddhist Sanskrit, which describes the Brahmin ruler Pushyamitra Shunga as a great persecutor of Buddhists. He is said to have marched out with a large army, destroying stupas, burning monasteries and killing monks as far as Sakala, now known as Sialkot, where he announced a prize of one hundred dinars for every head of a Shramana."

Bringing up "evidence" from famous grammarian Patanjali, Jha says, he "famously stated in his Mahabhashya that Brahmins and Shramanas are eternal enemies, like the snake and the mongoose. All this taken together means that the stage was set for a Brahminical onslaught on Buddhism during the post-Mauryan period, especially under Pushyamitra Shunga, who may have destroyed the Ashokan Pillared Hall and the Kukutarama monastery at Pataliputra—modern-day Patna."

 
DN Jha's so called research on these topics have already been thoroughly debunked. Again just cut copy and paste of propaganda articles won't cut ice. Extreme hatred against Hindus and brahmins on display here to somehow show them on par with barbaric mughals!

Every day Hindus are being killed in Kashmir TODAY. Not one word of condemnation of those killings from pro-jihadhis. Instead these creatures are running propaganda against Hindus and India.
 
From above article:

Jha constructs a narrative by selective use of data that suits biased political notions, but which impedes the understanding of Indian culture and the historical processes that shape it.

Dwijendra Narayan Jha is a historian belonging to the Soviet-subsidised school of Marxist history in Delhi. Earlier, his books were brought out by People's Publishing House, again, subsidised by the Soviets, and even part of the KGB operations in India.

After the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Soviet-sponsored Leftist historians in India, with their contempt for anything Indic, moved to greener pastures of the Western India-phobic market. Jha took that course.

Book-Burning Deception
In the process, Jha promoted his books in curious ways that were more a thud than a sensation, even by Leftist standards. For example, in 2002, when the Atal Behari Vajpayee government was in power, he published The Myth of the Holy Cow. The book came with the tagline: “a book the Government of India demands be ritually burned”. It was for the edition published for a Western audience, through the England-based left publisher Verso. In reality, his book was challenged not with bans but invitations to debate and dialogue. But he shied away from it.
Conjuring a government demand for burning one’s book is definitely a cheaper and more sensational way to sell a book than running the risk of engaging in debates and dialogues with scholars of differing points of view.

So, when Jha came up with another book in 2018, strategically titled Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History, one expected yet another deceitful attack on Indian culture. And Jha is not one to disappoint; he indulges in deception and then some.
 
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