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Is Zend Avasta the base for Sanskrit. In both the grammer seems to be same?

prasad1

Well-known member

They are known only from their conjoined use as the scriptural language of Zoroastrianism, and the Avesta likewise serves as their namesake. Both are early Eastern Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian language branch of the Indo-European language family. Its immediate ancestor was the Proto-Iranian language, a sister language to the Proto-Indo-Aryan language, with both having developed from the earlier Proto-Indo-Iranian language; as such, Old Avestan is quite close in both grammar and lexicon to Vedic Sanskrit, the oldest preserved Indo-Aryan language.

Old Avestan is closely related to Old Persian and largely agrees morphologically with Vedic Sanskrit. The old ancestor dialect of Pashto was close to the language of the Gathas.[


The Zend Avesta texts are the principal foundations of the Zoroastrian faith. This is one of the world’s oldest religions and was once among the most widespread as well.

This religion comes from ancient Persia, but in modern times many of its estimated 2.6 million believers live in India. There it is called Parsiism and those who practice it are known as Parsis or Parsees.

 

prasad1

Well-known member
In 1786, Sir William Jones, a British judge in Calcutta noticed that there were striking similarities in the vocabulary and grammar of Sanskrit, Persian, Greek, Latin, Celtic, and Gothic. This discovery resulted in the creation of a new field called comparative linguistics which led scholars to believe that all these languages were derived from a pre-Indo-European language that had its origins somewhere in Northern Europe, Central Asia, Southern Russia, or basically anywhere but India.

According to Romila Thapar, Indo-European speakers had central Asia as their habitat, and gradually over many centuries, they branched out in search of fresh pastures. According to her, it is these central Asian migrants who wrote the Avesta in Iran and Rig-Veda in India. According to Thapar, there is an argument that people who migrated to India were dissidents of the Old Iranian, hence you find a significant reversal of meaning in concepts common to both Avesta and Rig-Veda.

 
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