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India facing the 'worst water crisis in its history'


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Gold Member
India is facing its worst-ever water crisis, with some 600 million people facing acute water shortage, a government think-tank says.

The Niti Aayog report, which draws on data from 24 of India's 29 states, says the crisis is "only going to get worse" in the years ahead.

It also warns that 21 cities are likely to run out of groundwater by 2020 despite increasing demand.
This would also threaten food security as 80% of water is used in agriculture.
Indian cities and towns regularly run out water in the summer because they lack the infrastructure to deliver piped water to every home.

Rural areas are also badly affected by a lack of access to clean water. They cannot rely on groundwater due to erratic rains and the fact that the groundwater is increasingly used for farming when monsoon rains are delayed or insufficient.
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Around 200,000 Indians die every year because they have no access to clean water, according to the report.
Many ends up relying on private water suppliers or tankers paid for them by the government. Winding queues of people waiting to collect water from tankers or public taps is a common sight in Indian slums.

As cities and towns grow, the pressure on urban water resources is expected to increase - the report estimates that demand will be twice as much as available supply by 2030. Water scarcity would also account for a 6% loss in India's gross domestic product (GDP).

Some Indian states, however, are doing a better job than others in managing their water. Gujarat in the west topped the report's rankings. It was closely followed by Madhya Pradesh in central India and Andhra Pradesh in the south.
Fifteen of the 24 states scored better than they did the previous year, leading to one of the report's conclusions that "water management is improving across-the-board".

But what remains alarming is that the states that are ranked the lowest - such as Uttar Pradesh and Haryana in the north or Bihar and Jharkhand in the east - are also home to nearly half of India's population as well the bulk of its agricultural produce.

But, the report said, policymakers face a difficult situation because there is not enough data available on how households and industries use and manage water.

15 June 2018


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Gold Member
Photos: The reality of water in India at ‘The WASH Photo Project’ Exhibition
Mar 23, 2019 13:15 IST

“In our village, most people suffer from stomach illness and body ache,” said Hira Lal (35) from Pevandi in Kanpur district, Uttar Pradesh of the water they drink,  pointing to the drain towards the farm, a mix of water from the river Ganga and toxic waste released by neighbouring tanneries --sometimes treated, sometimes not. Locals said that their drinking water is salty and turns yellow when kept for longer durations.  (WaterAid / Poshali Goel)

“In our village, most people suffer from stomach illness and body ache,” said Hira Lal (35) from Pevandi in Kanpur district, Uttar Pradesh of the water they drink, pointing to the drain towards the farm, a mix of water from the river Ganga and toxic waste released by neighbouring tanneries --sometimes treated, sometimes not. Locals said that their drinking water is salty and turns yellow when kept for longer durations. (WaterAid / Poshali Goel)

about the gallery
Water that is safe and clean might be easily available today but 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die due to inadequate access to safe water every year according to the Niti Aayog’s Composite Water Management Index 2018. Many have to walk miles or spend hours or do both every day just to fill a few buckets that are most likely neither clean nor safe. Seven shortlisted #WaterFellows have documented the story of water: the crisis and the solutions across urban and rural communities in India as part of WaterAid India’s first ever photography fellowship, ‘The WASH Photo Project 2018-19’. The exhibit is on March 22-24, 2019 in Delhi.



Well-known member
And what happened to all the talks about grand linking of rivers across the country ?? Like the 300 smart cities, Ganga cleanup, ache din, Sabka sath Sabka Vikas, this too goes under the carpet like the pushnikai !!

Truly this govt is all talk and no action. On what basis the right wingers are asking people to,vote for this govt ???


First of all, providing water to the general public is State subject.

Elected Parties ruling the State Government are responsible for this.

There is already Inter-State Water Disputes in South India as well as other States with each State being ruled by different political parties.

And there is trans boundary water disputes and Agreements with neighboring countries, etc

As for Central Government, this Government is not about talk, it is action oriented.

People who are dull head and dunce go by the
goebbelistic propaganda of medias and never pay attention to facts and to verify the actual progress being made.

Government has initiated action to provide safe drinking water.

Linking of 30 rivers put on fast track to tackle water woes

A senior official said the water resources and river development ministry, led by minister Nitin Gadkari, has lined up Rs 45,000-crore worth of development projects to interlink four rivers in the first phase of this initiative.

Read more at:

Know all about PM Modi's ambitious Rs 5.5 lakh crore river-linking project

The idea behind interlinking of rivers is to deal with the problem of drought and floods afflicting different parts of the country, while decreasing farmers’ dependency on uncertain monsoon rains

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's ambitious Rs 5.5 lakh crore Rivers Inter-link plan is a large-scale civil engineering project that aims to link rivers through a network of reservoirs and canals across India.

The mission of this programme is to ensure greater equity in the distribution of water by enhancing its availability in drought-prone and rainfed areas.

Read more at: https://www.indiatvnews.com/news/in...bitious-plan-deal-with-droughts-floods-400170

I just remember the quote “Don’t argue with idiots. They drag you down to their level and beet you with their rich experience". LOL
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Well-known member
On the contrary, only the idiotic dull heads and dunces will believe that this govts is all action based on empty jumla promise of some funds being lined up, after they have wasted 5 yrs with unprecedented majority.

Why has the entire river linking project not been started yet!?

Atleast they could have made considerable progress on phase 1 ??

What were they doing for last 5 yrs ??

Fire fighting the disastrous mess of demo and GST instead of focusing on development ?? LOL.

Andheri nagari, chowpat raja !!! LOL.


Well-known member
The moment water becomes a political issue for getting votes, we can very well come to a conclusion that the crisis will not be solved.


Gold Member
Gold Member
Settling of water disputes between states takes years. It means setting up of tribunal and getting an award

based on study ,,litigation on award and court re examining the issues. This is irrespectiveof the political party

in power in states or the centre.We only indulge in blame game.The democratic processes are very slow.

We have to live with them.

A simple issue of our population getting good and safe drinking water has not been resolved satisfactorily.

Most urban have taken to water purifiers.When bulk of the country is not getting 24/7 power and safe

drinking water, we engage only persist with blame gama and mudslinging..

Another good generation of politicians and bureaucrats will take over and resolve these basic issues.

Only we senior citizens enjoy our retirement instead of lamenting about these issues.
Lot of rain water is going into the sea. All Govts (State & Centre should start in right earnest to harness the resource. Jayalalitha's plan of rain water harvesting was a very good idea. After the election on priority basis Centre should convene a meeting with agenda on linking of rivers ( North as well as south), rain water harvesting, deepening the tanks and removing silt from dams. Let us perform abhisheka to Lord Siva for good rains chanting Rudram & Chamaka.


Let us ask ourselves as to how many of us are serious about this water crisis..?

How much attention do we pay in conserving water which is a very essential source for survival?

Why we depend upon the local Authorities and pass the buck on the Government...??

We all do have a tendency to blame the Government for everything, when are the public going realize that it is also individual responsibility of conserving water.

Reduced water consumption and water conservation are important subjects.

In Tamil Nadu, the then Government passed an order making it mandatory to ensure installing Rain Water Harvesting system in every house.

We have a traditional system of cultivation using more water to crops. We produce rice and wheat which are some of the highest water-guzzling crops.

People talking about water crisis is not new, but one can find them watering their lawn and washing their cars with abundance of water twice a day, especially when acute shortage of water is felt on the other part of the nation.

Preaching others is easy ........!!

Let us conserve water.
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Look at the plight of hapless public who elected the 80 numbers of Congress Candidates for the Karnataka Assembly with all hope that they will resolve the burning issues….??

But Congress party appears to be very busy wrangling with JD (S) over every issue...? Public welfare pushed to back seat.

It is said that when elephants fight, it is grass that suffers….

Well, as parties fight for seats, water crisis stares Karnataka

Read more at:

We have few with blinkers who conveniently overlook inaction of this particular party. Biased minds will never change.


Mega infrastructure projects are certainly signs to rate the progress and growth of a developing country.

Some members with Frog in the bottom of the well mindset wishes to see the country in poor light with temporary petty projects and swindle lion share.

Any idea about

Bharatmala 35,000 highway across 16 States

Sagarmala: Modernizing 12 major ports of the country

New proposed Mondovi Bridge the pride of Goa

Only wise, with wisdom realize the significance of mega infrastructure projects and definitely NOT the narrow minded.


Gold Member
Gold Member
  • About half of India is facing drinking water crisis as monsoon got delayed and arrived without a brimming bucket
  • A Niti Aayog report released last year predicts Day Zero for 21 Indian cities by next year
  • The government has created a new Jal Shakti ministry to deal with drinking water crisis

About half of India is facing drinking water crisis with Chennai and Bengaluru bearing the brunt as monsoon got delayed and arrived without a brimming bucket. A Niti Aayog report released last year predicts Day Zero for 21 Indian cities by next year. Day Zero refers to the day when a place is likely to have no drinking water of its own.
According to the Niti Aayog's Composite Water Management Index (CWMI), Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi and Hyderabad are among the most susceptible. The government has created a new Jal Shakti ministry to deal with drinking water crisis.

But why a water-surplus country is facing water crisis today?
Over-exploitation of groundwater


Gold Member
Gold Member
Over-exploitation of groundwater
India is the biggest user of groundwater. It extracts more groundwater than China and the US the next two biggest pullers of groundwater - combined. Groundwater meets more than half of total requirement of clean water in the country.
In 2015, the standing committee on water resources found that groundwater forms the largest share of India’s agriculture and drinking water supply.
About 89 per cent of groundwater extracted in India is used for irrigation making it the highest category user in the country. Household use comes second with 9 per cent share of the extracted groundwater followed by industry that uses only two per cent of it.
Overall, 50 per cent of urban water requirement and 85 per cent of rural domestic water need are fulfilled by groundwater.
This kind of use has caused a reduction in groundwater levels in India by 61 per cent between 2007 and 2017, according to report by Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), presented in the Lok Sabha last year.
The report prepared under the ministry of water resources cited rising population, rapid urbanisation, industrialisation and inadequate rainfall as reasons for sharp decline in groundwater volume in the country.
According to another study by a team from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, and Athabasca University of Canada, Indians use an estimated 230 km3 of groundwater per year - over a quarter of the global total.
Based on their study of 3,907 wells across states, they found that northern India lost more groundwater than eastern parts during 2005-13 (8.5 km3/year to 5 km3/year).



Gold Member
Gold Member
Wastage of water

Arithmetically, India is still water surplus and receives enough annual rainfall to meet the need of over one billion plus people. According to the Central Water Commission, India needs a maximum of 3,000 billion cubic metres of water a year while it receives 4,000 billion cubic metres of rain.

But the problem is India captures only eight per cent of its annual rainfall - among the lowest in the world. The traditional modes of water capturing in ponds have been lost to the demands of rising population and liberal implementation of town planning rules.

India has been also poor in treatment and re-use of household wastewater. About 80 per cent of the water reaching households in India are drained out as waste flow through sewage to pollute other water bodies including rivers and also land.

On the other side of the spectrum is Israel, a country that is located in desert and has learnt to deal with water crisis situation.

Israel treats 100 per cent of its used water and recycles 94 per cent of it back to households. More than half of irrigation in Israel is done using reused water.

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