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chathur masyam continued.

kgopalan

Well-known member
in my childhood, one of my wish is to visit Rayar mutt on all dwadashis and important thithi’s to have shaka vrata food during every chathurmasya. Trust me it is so delicious and unique!
I admire our ancient traditional system. When we look at the scientific reason behind this vrata, We are speechless. What a wonderful way of healthy living, our traditions has shown us!

During Dakshinayana punyakaala the heat from the sun will be reduced when compared to Uttarayana punyakaala( the moon will have more power)
As the power of Sun is getting reduced and Moon’s power is getting increased, the heat some restrictions in our food. This vratha is called as “Shaka vratha”.

Shaka means vegetables. The vegetables, tamarind, green chilies, pickles, fruits would have high heat, and the way in which Vegetables are grown with high heat is not good for health. As such, during this period vegetables are not allowed as per ayurveda too. The energy which we require for functioning our body can be easily received through the permitted items in this shaka vrata
From Ashada Shudda Ekadashi to Shravana Shudda Dashami
Permitted Food items:
Toor dal, Moong dal, Urad dal, Whole green moong, Sesame seeds, Black pepper, cumin seeds, Jaggery, Rava, wheat flour, Rice flour, Amchur powder, Milk, Yougurt(Curd), butter, Sugar, Mango fruit, Ghee .
Not Permitted:
All vegetables, all leaves(Curry leaves, coriander leaves, spinach), Mustard, Tamarind, Chana dal, Besan, Ginger, Green chillies, lemon, coconut, Red chillies. Oil, chilly powder, Turmeric powder
I have listed few of the recipes which would benefit our visitors. When it comes to spice level, Green or red chillies are not allowed, replace it with pepper. when it comes to tempering, mustard seeds are not allowed , replace it with cumin seeds. And there is no Tamarind. You can use Amla powder or Amchur powder

Kosambari
Soak Moong dal in water. Drain the water and add salt to the Dal.
Temper with Cumin seeds(Jeera)
Palya

Toor dal palya:
Soak required Toor dal in water.
Grind it with Pepper and salt coarsely
In a pan, Add some oil. Temper with Cumin seeds, Urad dal and Add the grinded mixture and saute till it becomes separate
Whole Green moong gram palya:
soak green moong gram for 3 to 4 hours. Then Steam it in cooker
add some salt and temper with Cumin seeds
If you need some spicy flavor, add some pepper powder
Chithranna
Temper Jeera and Urad dhal in Ghee and Add Some Urad dhal powder and salt as required with the cooked rice
Instead of Urad dhal powder, You can also add Til/Sesame seeds powder
Powder/Pudi varieties
Dal pudi:
Dry roast 1 cup of toor dal
slightly roast 1 tbl spoon pepper and add required salt
Grind it nicely

Urad dhal pudi:
Dry roast 1 cup of Urad dal
slightly roast 1 tbl spoon pepper
Grind it nicely

You can use this powder for preparing kootu, chithranna, palidya or as a side dish to Idli/Dosa
Sesame powder:
Dry roast 1 cup of Urad dal separately
Dry roast 1/2 cup of sesame seeds/til separately
Dry roast 1 ladle of pepper separately
Mix together and grind it
You can use this powder for preparing chithranna, or as a side dish to Idli/Dosa
Fried items
ambode
soak toor dal for 1 to 2 hours
grind it with pepper and salt
make the mixture into even round patties. Fry it in deep oil
Urad dhal vada:
soak Urad dal for 1 to 2 hours
grind it with pepper and salt
mould mixture into even shaped round vadas by applying some oil in banana leaf/or on a ziplock cover . Fry it in deep oil

Dahi vada
Add tempered jeera seeds and required salt to the thick curd.
Now add the fried urad dhal vada listed above in this curd mixture

pepper vada:
soak Urad dal for just 15 mins
grind it with pepper and salt
add hot oil to the grinded mixture and add little bit of baking soda(Optional – Just for getting crispy vadas)
mould mixture into even shaped round vadas by applying some oil in banana leaf/or on a ziplock cover . Fry it in deep oil
Maida bonda:
for 3 portions of Maida, Take one portion of rice flour.
add pepper powder, salt
Use thick sour curd to bind this mixture
fry it in deep hot oil
Payasa
Milk kheer:
Take required cups of Milk and start boiling it
Add some ghee roasted and coarsely grinded rice to this boiling milk
cook the rice in Milk itself
Add sugar as per the taste level

approximately for 1 cup of rice, minimum 4 to 5 cups of milk is required and same or double the amount of sugar to rice is recommended

appala karada payasa
Add little bit of water and ghee to rava and mix it into a nice mixture and leave it for an hour
Make into round circles like what we normally do for poori
Use Ghee for perfect taste to fry the appala(You can also use oil)

After frying it, break it into small small pieces and cook it with milk
add sugar (For rava, add one and half cup of sugar to that)
Boil for some time and if need add more milk

Saaru
Roast pepper and Cumin seeds in little bit of ghee
Cook Toor dal in cooker
mash the dal with required water for saaru consistency
add the grinded powder to this and add salt

Temper with cumin seeds
You can add some amla powder(Already available in market) for getting some sour taste

Kootu
Soak green moong for sometime and cook it in pressure cooker
cook toor dal
add green moong , toor dal and required urad dhal powder and salt
boil it for sometime
Temper with cumin seeds
You can add some amla powder for getting some sour taste

Majjige palidya

1. add amla powder to curd with required salt and temper with cumin seeds
2. Fry some ambode in small small bonda shapes and soak it in required curd with salt and temper with cumin seeds
Sweet/Desserts

Rava kesari
Rava ladoo
moong dal ladoo
Ashoka halwa
jangri

jilebi
wheatflour halwa
Maida cake
dhoodh peda
palkova
basandhi
(Just remember for any of these sweets, Nuts are not allowed)

tiffin items

idli
dosa
adai(Instead of red chillies add pepper and Chana dal is not allowed)
rava upptiu
rava idli

chapathi

When is Chathur Maasa?

Chaturmasya starts from Ashada Shudda Dwadashi and ends on Kartikha Shudda dashami.
chaturmasya comprises of the Hindu lunar months of Shravana, bhadrapada, Ashvayuja and karthIka.
Why should we observe Chathur Maasa?

The eleventh day in Ashada Shudda ekadashi(Shayanaikadashi) , is the day that Sri naarayana, even though he is sleepless, hungerless, pretends to sleep, which is termed as “Yoga Nidra”. He sleeps till Karthika Shudda Dwadashi (Uttana Dwadashi)
Observing Chaturmasya gets more punya than the other vrathas.

Mostly marriages, Upanayana are not done during this period as Sri Narayana is in Yoga Nidra

Who Should observe this Vrata?
Chaturvarnaas(Brahmana, Kshatriya, Shudra, Vaishya)
Chatur Ashramas( Brahmachari, Gruhasta, Vanaprasta and Sanyasi)
Women even in Menstruation cycle

What is the procedure to Perform this vrata?

On Ashada shukla ekadashi (called shayani ekadashi) one should get tapta-mudra-dharane
You should take an oath(Sankalpa) on dvadashi that you will observe chaturmasya with the objective of pleasing Lord Hari
In the first month you should observe shaka vrata
In the second month you should observe dadhi vrata

In the third month you should observe kshira vrata
In the fourth month you should observe dvidala vrata
In case of not able to take tapta mudra dhaarane, Atleast one should try visting Swamiji in Chaathur maasa time and get mudra dhaarane done

Chathur Maasa Sankalpa Mantra:
ವ್ರತಾನಾಂ ವಕ್ಷ್ಯಮಾಣಾನಾಂ ಸನ್ಕಲ್ಪಂ ವಿಧಿವತ್ ಚರೇತ್ |
ನೈಮಿತ್ತಿಕಾನಾಂ ಕಾಮ್ಯಾನಾಂ ನಿತ್ಯಾನಾಂ ಚ ತಥೈವ ಚ ||

Vrataanaam vakshyamaanaanaam sankalpam vidhivat charet |
Naimittikaanaam kaamyaanaam nityaanaam cha tathaiva cha ||

Shaka vratha
Ashada Shudda Ekadashi to Shravana Shudda Dashami
Permitted Food items:
Toor dal, Moong dal, Urad dal, Whole green moong, Sesame seeds, Black pepper, cumin seeds, Jaggery, Rava, wheat flour, Rice flour, Amchur powder, Milk, Yougurt(Curd), butter, Sugar, Mango fruit, Ghee .

Not Permitted:
All vegetables, all leaves(Curry leaves, coriander leaves, spinach), Mustard, Tamarind, Chana dal, Besan, Ginger, Green chillies, lemon, coconut, Red chillies. Oil, chilly powder, Turmeric powder

Shaka Vrata Recipes
Sankalpa
ಶಾಕವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಂ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತು ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ತವ ಕೇಶವ ||
Shaakavratam mayaadeva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatu prasaadaat tava keshava||
Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ಶಾಕಂ ತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||
Upaayamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Shaakam tu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||

Dadhi Vratha
Shravana Shudda Ekadashi to Bhadrapada Shudda Dashami
During this period, Curd/Yogurt should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. However, buttermilk is allowed.

Sankalpa:
ದಧಿ ಭಾದ್ರಪದೇ ಮಾಸಿ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ |
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||
Dadhi bhaadrapade maasi varjayishye sadaa hare |
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||
Samarpana:

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವೃತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ದಾಸ್ಯೇಹಂ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಮ್ ಘನಂ ದಧಿ||
Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Dvijavaryaaya daasyeham sahiranyam ganam dadhi||

Ksheera Vrata
Bhadrapada Shudda Ekadashi to Ashwayuja Shudda Dashami
milk should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. This restriction includes milk derivatives like kene , cheese or other dairy products, but excludes curd

Sankalpa
ಕ್ಷೀರವ್ರತಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ಗೃಹೀತಮ್ ಪುರತಸ್ತವ |
ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಮಾಯಾತುಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ರಮಾಪತೇ ||
Kshiravratamidam deva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatuprasaadaat ramaapate ||
Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರುತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೆ |
ಕ್ಷೀರಂತು ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ |
Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Kshiramtu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


Dvitala Vrata
Ashwayuja Shudda Ekadashi to Karthika Shudda Dashami
During this period, one should avoid Dvidalaas and bahu-bija vegetables.
Dvidala refers to any seed or vegetable which when broken or fried splits into two halves. Examples of such items are All Dalls
Bahu-bija refers to any fruit or vegetable that contains multiple seeds and is covered by an external skin. Examples of such items are apples, grapes, pomegranate, cucumber

Items permitted:

rice, wheat, sesame seeds, black pepper, cumin seeds, coconut, banana, banana flower, suvarnagadde(suran), same gadde, agathi soppu, ginger, Gooseberry, sweet potato, amla powder, all purpose flour, Rava, cracked wheat, ghee, sugar, amchur powder, mango
Dwitala Vrata Recipes

Items not permitted:

All dhals, red or green chillies, fenugreek seeds, tamarind, coriander leaves and all vegetables mentioned than the permitted ones
Sankalpa
ಕಾರ್ತಿಕೇ ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ಧಾನ್ಯಂ ವರ್ಜಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಸದಾ ಹರೇ|
ಇಮಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ ನಿಯಮಂ ನಿರ್ವಿಘ್ನಂ ಕುರು ಕೇಶವ ||
Kaartike dvidalam dhaanyam varjayishye sadaa hare|
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||
Samarpana

ಉಪಾಯನಮಿದಂ ದೇವ ವ್ರತಸಂಪೂರ್ತಿ ಹೇತವೇ |
ದ್ವಿದಳಂ ದ್ವಿಜವರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ದದಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ||
Upaayanamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Dvidalam dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||

How to end Chathur Maasa?

After completion of Dwidala vratha, i.e.., on Kartika Shudda Ekadashi, we have to give daana of dvidala dhaanyaas, vegetables, fruits, to brahmana with dakshine and say Krishnarpanamastu
ಅನಿರುದ್ಧ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ದ್ವಿದಳಾಖ್ಯವ್ರತೇನ ಚ |
ಮತ್ಕತೇನಾಶ್ವಿನೇ ಮಾಸಿ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಫಲದೋ ಭವ ||
ಇದಂ ವ್ರತಂ ಮಯಾ ದೇವ ಕೃತಂ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯೈ ತವ ಪ್ರಭೋ |
ನ್ಯೂನಂ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣತಾಂ ಯಾತು ತ್ವತ್ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ಜನಾರ್ಧನ||

Aniruddha namastubhyam dvidalaakyavratena cha |
Matkrutenaashvine maasi prityartham phalado bhava ||
Idam vratam mayaa deva krutam prityai tava prabho |
Nyunam sampurnataam yaatu tvatprasaadaat janaardhana||

On dvadashi one should perform pooja to an idol of Lord Lakshmi Damodara and donate this vigraha to elgible married couple.
Chant the following mantra while doing the damodara pooja

Deva deva, jagannatha, lakshmi damodara prabho.
Chaturmasye tvayajnaptah, krutva vrata chatushtayam|
Bhavannmurtim pradasyami tvat prasadabhikankshaya||
 
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