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Among the Vedaas I am the Saama Veda Says Sri Krishna

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Among the Vedaas I am the Saama Veda Says Sri Krishna

vedaanaam saamavedosmi devaanaamasmi vaasavaha |
indriyaanaam manaschaasmi bhootaanaamasmi chetanaa || 22 ||

Bhagavat Gita- Verse 22- Chapter 10

Shri Krishna, elaborating on Ishvara’s expressions, says that Ishvara is the Saama Veda among all the Vedas. Each Veda has a unique characteristic. The Yajur Veda contains prose, the Rig Veda contains metric hymns, the Saama Veda contains songs and the Atharva Veda contains incantations. Of these, the Saama Veda is Ishvara’s expression, indicating his preference for music.

Rig Veda Guru Kula learning may require 7 years (basics) to 10 years (Gana level). Sama Veda learning requires an additional 2 to three years for a basic course. One can feel the difference by attending a mass rendering of both Vedas. All other three Vedas you can hear by closing your eyes. But one should see the rendering of Sama Gana. The Sama Gana Pandit has to use and play his hands for rendering correct musical connotations. A mass rendering is very pleasing!

The Sama Veda is the Yoga of Song. It consists of various hymns of the Rig Veda put to a different and more musical chant.

The Samaveda Samhita (from sāman, the term for a melody applied to metrical hymn or song of praise, consists of 1549 stanzas, taken almost entirely (except for 78 stanzas) from the Rigveda. Like the Rigvedic stanzas in the Yajurveda, the Samans have been changed and adapted for use in singing. Some of the Rigvedic verses are repeated more than once.

When sung the verses are further altered by prolongation, repetition and insertion of stray syllables (stobha), as well as various modulations, rests and other modifications prescribed in the song-books (Ganas). Samaveda's Upaveda (technical manual) is Gāndharvaveda that deals not only with the topics of music but also of dance and theatre.

Its secret is in its musical annotation and rendering. The Sama Veda represents the ecstasy of spiritual knowledge and the power of devotion. The Rig Veda is the word, the Sama Veda is the song or the meaning. The Rig Veda is the knowledge, the Sama Veda its realization. Hence the two always go together like husband and wife. The Rig Veda is the wife and the Sama is the husband.

A great Indian philosopher-saint, Patañjali, begins his philosophy with the Sama Veda precisely because of its inner music. If music is taken away from God’s Creation, then it will be an empty Creation.

Sri Vidya Raja Gopalan- Yahoo answers
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