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108 Divyadesam Temples of Sri Maha Vishnu


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108 Divyadesam Temples of Sri Maha Vishnu

A Divya Desam (Tamil: திவ்ய தேசம்) is one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the works of the Tamil Azhvars (saints).

means "premium" and Desam indicates "place" (temple). Of the 108 temples, 105 are in India, one is in Nepal, and two are outside the Earthly realms. The Divya Desams are revered by the 12 Azhvars in the Divya Prabandha, a collection of 4,000 Tamil verses. While most Divya Desams follow Thenkalai mode of worship, some follow Vadakalai too among others.

Alwars, who are said to be the Hamsam of Sriman Narayanan, have dedicated their lives towards the Emperumaan and they led their life by praising and doing Mangalasasanam on Sriman Naryanan. These Alwars are 12 in Number and out of which one is Sri Andal, who is a woman.

These Alwars were born in various parts of our country but they were all united in a common subject, ie dedicating their lives and praising the Lord.

The Nalayira Divya Prabandham (Tamil: நாலாயிரத் திவ்வியப் பிரபந்தம், nālāyira tivviya pirapantam) is a collection of 4,000 Tamil verses (Naalayiram in Tamil means 'four thousand') composed by the 12 Alvars, and was compiled in its present form by Nathamuni during the 9th – 10th centuries

The Prabandha sings the praise of Narayana (or Vishnu) and his many forms. The Alvars sung these songs at various sacred shrines. These shrines are known as the Divya Desams.

With the Blessings of Sriman Narayan , I wish to carry on my Threads about each one of these
Great Divya Desams and request your Support and Blessings for my efforts.

Your Esteemed Suggestion in completing these Threads will be very useful to me.




12 Great Alwars, Alvars, Azhwars, Nammalwar, Sri Andal, Alwar, Hindu Temples, Periyalwar
Narayana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Divya Desam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Famous Temples In Tamilnadu | Temple Phone Number | Timings | Route Maps | 108 Divya Desam Temples ListFamous Temples In Tamilnadu | Temple Phone Number | Timings | Route Maps
Madurai Divyadesam Tour Packages | Tourist Car Operators | Cabs | Car Hire
108 Vaishnava Divya Desam home page
108 Divyadesams, Temples of India, Indian Hindu Temples, Divya desams
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Divya Desam 1- Srirangam Sri Ranganatha Temple

Divya Desam 1- Srirangam Sri Ranganatha Temple

Srirangam Sri Ranganatha


The Kovil among Temples- Bhoologa Vaikuntam

Srirangam Ranganatha temple has 7 prakarams denoting the 7 logoms


Located between the two famous rivers, Cauvery and Coloroon, and spread over 150 acres, Ranganatha Swamy Temple in Srirangam is the holiest and the most sacred among the Divya Desams. This place is also called Bhoologa Vaikuntam (Heaven on Earth). Such is the greatness of this Lord that when a Vishnu devotee says just ‘Koil’ (Temple) without naming any Lord, he is meant to have called Srirangam Ranganatha.

The Utsav Moorthy here is called Nam Perumal. There are 21 towers in this temple, the highest for any divya desam. Bus facilities from Trichy Junction (Station) to Srirangam rank as the best bus service in India.

Biggest Temple Tower in Asia

Srirangam is home to the biggest temple tower in Asia. The construction of the Raya Gopuram had originally been started by the great Vijayanagar king Krishnadeva Raya, but was unfinished and remained so for several centuries and hence was called the ‘Mottai Gopuram’(Barren tower). Ahobila Mutt Jeer anchored the construction of the Raya Gopuram (in the later half of the 20th Century) which at 236 ft is the tallest temple tower in Asia.

The story

It is believed that Brahmma himself used the idol of Lord Ranganatha for his daily prayers. Later Raama’s forefather brought the idol from Brahmma and brought the idol to Ayodhya. After defeating Ravana and on being crowned the king of Ayodhya, Lord Rama gave the idol of Lord Ranganatha to Vibheeshana, who wanted to take this to Lanka.

On his way back to Lanka, Vibheeshana wanted to bathe in the Cauvery and handed the idol to Lord Vinayaka (disguised in a boy’s attire) for him to hold till he had bath. (The idol if placed on the land could not be removed). Lord Ranganatha wanted to make Srirangam his abode and as per his plan, Vinayaka placed the idol on the banks and ran atop the nearby rock (this is now the famous Uchi Pillayar Temple) away from an angry Vibheeshana. Lord Ranganatha told a disconsolate Vibheeshana that he would like to remain here for ever and promised to lie in the same sleeping posture facing Lanka (South). He asked Vibheeshana to come here once a year to perform pooja.

Chozha King Dharma Varma took the idol and constructed the temple here, which was then submerged in the floods. Later, Killi Valavan who came here hunting, heard a parrot repeatedly sing in a sweet voice about the Vaikuntam Lord being present here as Lord Ranganatha. The Lord appeared before Killi Valavan and showed him the exact location. Killi Valavan, it is said, laid the base for the temple that we today see at Srirangam, which over time has been improved upon and renovated by Chozha, Pandya, Nayak and Vijayanagar Kings as well by the Azhvaars.

ThondaradiPodi Azhvaar built the Nandavanam (Garden) and brought flowers for the Lord from the Garden. ThiruMangai Azhvaar, when he was building the huge walls, found that the Nandavanam came in the way. But he built the huge walls in a way that did not disturb the Nandavanam. It is believed that Rajendra Chozhan built the Coloroon to prevent damage to the temple from floods in the Cauvery.

7 Prakarams denoting the 7 Logam

There are 7 prakarams (the only Divya Desam to have so) at this temple that relate to the 7 logams (7 worlds) each of which is said to be a step in leading us to Vaikuntam.

The 7th prakaram (Bhoo Logam) called the Chitra Street now has a row of shops and offices.

The 6th prakaram (Bhoovar Logam) has a Bazaar and is called the Uthara Street. This prakaram also has the famous big Eastern Gopuram called Kaliyuga Raama Gopuram. It is in this prakaram that one finds the temple’s chariot which takes the Lord on his street processions.

The 5th prakaram (Swar Logom) has ChakkarathAzhvaar and Andal Sannidhi on the West and Thaayar Sannidhi on the Southern side. The Sesha Raya Mandapam, on the Eastern side has several battle field sculptures that reminds one of the great times of Vijayanagara rulers. Opposite this is the 1000 pillar mandapam where the Vaikunta Ekadesi festivities and the recital of Naalaayira Divya Prabandham (4000 songs composed by Azhvaars) as well as the Araiyar Sevai take place. This prakaram has some beautiful sculptures, possibly built by the Hoysala somewhere around 1200AD. Some of the sculptures depict girls playing the veena and ladies holding beautiful parrots. This prakaram has the famous White Gopuram at the Eastern Entrance to the temple.

The walls of the 4th prakaram (Mahar Logom) were built by ThiruMangai Azhvaar. This prakaram houses one of the biggest mandapams for Garuda among the 108 Divya Desams. This has over 200 pillars and is also possibly the most beautiful mandapam in the temple. On the southern side of this prakaram, one finds the Paramapada vaasal, also called Swarga Vaasal (the Gateway to Heaven), that opens only once a year during Vaikunta Ekadesi. Among the 108 Divya Desams, this is the only temple to have a Sannidhi for Dhanvantri, the medicinal God, which is located in this Prakaram, opposite the tank.

One can enter the 3rd prakaram (Jano Logam) only through the Arya Bhattal Tower. This houses several mandapams. While this is a dark area, one finds a special peace when inside this prakaram.

The 2nd prakaram (Thapo Logam), which one enters through the NaazhiKetaan Entrance is called the Raja Mahendran street in memory of the Chozha king who built it. This prakaram also has the Kili (Parrot) Mandapam and the big Glass mirror, through which one can see the Lord when he comes out on procession.

The first Prakaram (Sathiya Logam) was built by Chozha King Dharma Varma. There are 24 pillars inside this prakaram where(sanctum sanctorum) one finds Lord Ranganatha in his sleeping posture facing South(Lanka). These 24 pillars, it is said, denote the 24 letters of the Gayantri Mantra.

Kamban Ramaayana and Srirangam Temple

The Great Tamil poet Kamban had in his composition of the Raamaayana written about the Lord destroying Hiranya, the mention of which did not find universal acceptance. Kamban retorted stating that if the Lord accepted his version, then the world could not dispute it. He stood outside the Thaayar Sannidhi of this temple and recited his version. Lord Azhagiya Singar, who heard this composition, accepted this version. In memory of this, there is an Azhagiya Singar Sannidhi in the 5th Prakaram of the temple. Recognising the importance of this event, there is a separate Kamban Mandapam opposite the Thaayar Sannidhi.

NammAzhvaar in Srirangam

As per the instructions of Lord Ranganatha, MaduraKavi Azhvaar brought NammAzhvaar to this temple. During Panguni festival, NammAzhvaar was the one who convinces Goddess Ranganaayaki to accept Ranganatha back (the Lord had been to the Goddess at Uraiyur about 6 kms North of Srirangam) and had stayed there for 3 days, an action that angered Ranganaayaki) and thus brought peace between the two. During Vaikunta Ekadesi Festival, Lord Namperumal himself comes and visits NammAzhvaar at the 1000 pillar mandapam, such is the regard for the Azhvaar.

Everyone equal in Lord’s eyes- Thirupaan Azhvaar’s story

Thirupaan Azhvaar, who belonged to a lower caste, was shy to visit the temple and hence would sing praise of the Lord from the banks of Cauvery. One day, Sage Lokasaranga, who came to collect water for the Lord from the Cauvery could not do so as ThirupaanAzhvaar was standing there. The sage clapped asking the Azhvaar to move aside but the Azhvaar who was immersed in his thoughts of the Lord could not hear this. Angered at this, the Sage threw stones at him and the Azhvaar started to bleed from the forehead.

When the sage went for a darshan of Lord Ranganatha, he was shocked to find blood flowing from the Lord’s forehead as well. Lord Ranganatha tells the sage that ThirupaanAzhvaar is just as devoted as him and asks the sage to carry the Azhvaar on his shoulder to the temple. Sage goes back and carries him all the way back to the temple.

ThirupaanAzhvaar, who was so thrilled at seeing Lord Ranganatha, sang the famous 10 ‘Amalanaathipiraan’ Paasurams in praise of the Lord and disappeared under the feet of the Lord. Lord Ranganatha through this action sent a message to the world that all are equal in his eyes.

“AmalaNaathipiraan Adiyaarkennai Aatpadutha Vimalan…………
En Amuthinai Kanda Kangal, Matrenrinai Kaanaavey…”

Story of ‘5 holes- 3 entrance’

At the entrance to the Goddess Ranganayaki Sannidhi, one finds 5 holes on the ground. This place is called ‘ 5 holes 3 entrance’. It is said that Goddess Ranganayaki put her five fingers of her hand into the 5 holes and looked out eagerly for the Lord through each of the 3 entrances to the temple.


The great Vaishnavite Acharya Ramanuja stayed here for several years before attaining Moksham at the age of 120 years. His Thirumeni (the body of Ramanuja) can be seen even today at the Srirangam temple. An interesting aspect is that one can actually see Ramanuja's finger and toe nails.

Everything is big here

236 ft Temple Tower is the biggest in Asia
Lord Ranganatha is a sleeping giant at 21 feet
Garuda here is the biggest among all the Divya Desams
Two Big rivers Cauvery and Coloroon on either side of the temple
Only Divya Desam to have 7 Prakarams
21 Towers with the Famous white Gopuram in the East and the Raja Gopuram in the South
Only Divya Desam where all the 11 Azhvaars (MaduraKaviAzhvaar did not sing praise of any Lord except NammAzhvaar) have sung praise of the Lord
247 Paasurams on Lord Ranganatha is the highest among the Divya Desams

More to come about this Great Temple

Temple, Travel and Sport: Srirangam Ranganatha


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Divya Desam 1- Srirangam Sri Ranganatha Temple

Divya Desam 1- Srirangam Sri Ranganatha Temple



Sukran known as Venus, The Goddess of Love, signifies the following aspects of life -

Marriage, love, kama, diamonds, fragrance, oils/perfumes/scents, fine arts like dance, musical instruments, music with dance and instruments, silver, bird garuda, lavish buildings/palaces/towers and luxury life, Vehicles (vahanas), ponds/water pools, ornaments made out of stones, cloth of silk mainly ven pattu (white silk), milk, cow, Beans (mochai danyam) , lotus flower, Mahalakshmi; guru and achariyar for ashuras (demons).

Sukran is the plant which denotes all Decorative items known as Alangara such as cosmetics, dresses, ornaments, sandals used in our life. Srirangam is the only temple where one could see the sandals (padhukas) of lord Sri Ranganathar in a storage place known as Kottaram nearby Dhanyalakshmi sannathi inside the temple. It is believed that Lord Sri Ranganatha regularly uses these sandals made by a cobbler, who make it with due prayers for 48 days penance and observing strict viradam in the banks of river Kaveri, after Lord himself giving them the measurement in the sands on the river bed. One could notice that those sandals undergoes wear and tear after some time, to prove that Sri Ranganather wear and use these sandals (divine padukas), walking inside the temple. These sandals are replaced every year by devotees. It is noteworthy to mention that Sri Desikan rendered versues known as solokams of 'Sri Ranganathar sahasram' in 1000 versues in praise the divinity of sacred sandals (divine padhukas) of Sri Ranganathar.

Sukrachariyar is the only deva to know the mantra ''sanjeevini mantra" to make the dead come back alive in the same physical body. Besides, Sukran is known as a Brahminical plant with western outlook (a Brahminical outlook), "boga karaka" (cause of enjoyment) to give luxury living, bed comfort, poetry, arangetrams of dance or poetry or any kaviyam or kavithai, sculptures of beautiful carvings, and any thing of beauty is sukrachariyars' karakam. Also, any Sacred epics, kings and noble persons, any celebrities, all feminine articles and items come under this planet. Sukra varam is Friday and its numerical value is six (6). These are salient features of sukrans karagathvam (significance of Venus).

Now let us see how Srirangam, and Lord Sriranganatha are connected to the above karakas of Sukrachariyar from above points-

1) Sri rangam - 'Sri' is Mahalakshmi, propitiated by Venus (Sukraran); 'Rangam' means 'stage' or arangam for fine arts like dance, music for Srivaishnavas to please Lord Sriman Narayana. Arangam also signifies Sukras' karakam (cause).

2) Srirangam is also known as ''boga mandapam '' as it signifies planet ''boga karakan'' Sukran.

3) Srirangam temple area is known as 'Velli Thirumutham' village as velli (silver) is associated with Venus, the Sukran. Still, government land records mention Srirangam as Velli Thirumutham village.

4) Lord Ranganathar is in reclining posture on Adisesha in the milky ocean (Thiruparkadal), as Sukra is karaka for milk and white color and white metals. Cow and milk are it's karakam.

5) Utsavar name is ''nam perumal'' ''kasturi ranga'' and ''azhagiya manavala perumal''. Needless to add that both kasturi (a rare perfume taken from katuri deer's fat - well known as Musk) and Azhgiya Manavalan (both beauty and bridegroom ) are karakas for Sukran.

6) As the main deity, the moolavar(main) idol is applied with kasturi and also Utsavar idol is applied with kasturi thilak on fridays, being the week day for Sukran on sukravar who denotes perfumes.

7) Srirangam vimanam was brought from Ayodhya by an Vibhishna - an Asura by birth, though not by nature - on his way to Srilanka. Vibhishna, has his precipitater - Sukrachariyar as achariyar for ashura kulam (Generations of the Demons). There are many carvings in mandapam showing Vibhishnan bringing the vimanam of temple.

8) Srirangam has the biggest and tallest Garudan, as the bird Garudan represents Sukran (though Garudan is similar to an Eagle, but it has white feathers on neck and its wings are considered for Veda but eagle is said to fight nagas ). While Sukran's bird is given as Garuda, his animal is given as crocodile(makara)

9) Lord Ranganathar married both Kamalavalli Nachiyar of Thiru Uraiyur and Andal Nachiyar by love. Both fell in love and married at Srirangam. Love and marriage are karkas of Sukran.

10) Kambar, The great Tamil poet, had made his first recitals of the famous sacred epic Ramayana (arangetram) with poetical expression in Srirangam Ranganatha temple; later the stage is known as Kambar mandapam of Srirangam temple. Epics, poetical, the first performance of any art known as 'arangetrams' are Sukra's significance.

11) Every day before sayanam, (going to bed) Veena (musical notes of veena in mohana raga ) is recited in front of moolavar before closing Lord Ranganathar sannathi. Both Veena, a musical instrument and all Ragas are Sukran's karakam.

L2) Lord Ranganathar's birth star is Revathi in Meena rasi (Moon sign as Pisces) in which Sukran is exalted ( become uccha ) in Revathi star.

13) Arayar sevai is conducted during the period of Thiruvaimozhi utsavam (festival known as pakalpatthu) with dance and musical notes from Sama Veda (dance and music are Sukra's karakam)

14) Azhgiya Manavala perumal will come on fourth day of above festival as ''Mohini avatar '' as a lady in alankaram. Women signify Sukran.

15) In Gayatri mandapam, there are 24 pillars. Numericaly it is total 6 ( 2+4) that again signifies Sukran.

16) Sri Ramanuja came back in his physical body after he was ordered to be put in Thiruvarasu (mandapam) to bless us with matches; Sukrachariyar alone, knew the art of bringing back in physical body in the present form, the soul which had departed from the body, with a mantra known as "Sanjiveeni Mantra ''.

17) Lord Ranganathar accepted an outsider - anniya madha (other religion) princess, "Thulukachi nachiyar'' and gave a sannadi to her and to prove this, utchavar comes one day with lunghi and takes bread as prasatham. This matches with the western outlook (abrahminical approach ) of Sukran in secularism.

18) Srirangam temple has a tank known as Pushkarni inside (Chandra pushkarni) a beautiful architecture with sculputers and marvelous carvings of master piece and biggest Tower known as Raja gopuram - beauty,lavishness and luxury are signified by sukran.

19) In the moolavar sannadhi, from the entrance to the sanctum sanctorium, the interiors are carved in silver metal to show significance of Sukran

20) The main Idol known as Moolavar, Sri Ranganathar put his feets on lotus flower while reclining in spiraling coils of Adisesha. Lotus flower is the identified and favourite with Venus - the Sukran, as Pankajam is his flower.

21) Ranga Rajan or Ranga Nathar is king of Kings, ruling the planet Earth known as bhoologam. Kings and noble celebrites are signified by Sukran.

22) Makara thoranam and makara kandi (crocodile shaped ) are decorated one day festival during the Tamil month Chitrai as Makara (The Capricorn) is the Vehicle (vahana) for Sukran, while his bird is Garudan. Hence a big Garudan is always readily in waiting.

23) Moolavar prakaram below vimanam known as ''Thiru Vennazhi'' pragaram, has many salagrams inside and hence the vibration, by its musical node, is supposed to remove the Kalathra doshas caused by Venus the Sukran.

24) Chandran known as Moon has got an added attraction to the Nakshatra Rohini than other two stars viz. Hastam & Sravanam (Thiruvonam) nakshatras that are ruling stars of Moon. Venus, the Lord of the sign Tarus (Rishabam) in which the Rohini Nakshatra falls and in which Moon is exalted, is disliked by Dakshan. So, Moon got cursdy by Dakshan and to weed off the curse, Chandran had to undergo a penance by praying to Sri Lord Ranganatha at Srirangam and was relieved from the curse. These incidence said to have taken place inside the Chandra Pushkarini in the Temple comlplex, from where The Moon has to undergo from sufferings from Sukra Dosham and also from where Moon went into penance. Though moon got relieved from the Sukra Dosham after the penance, the effective curse given by Dakshan to Moon that caused the Waxing and waning of Moon is still there to see.

In his early ages, Thondaradipodiazhwar, who rendered pasuram only in praise of Lord Sri Ranganathar, was trapped by the act of Sukra dosha with a devadasi, a beautiful lady and was later saved by offering prayer to Lord Ranganathar. For delayed marriage, difficulty in married life with life partner, to get all comforts in life, a visit to Srirangam and stay for a night on Friday is good as it removes Sukra dosham.

More to come




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Divya Desam 1- Srirangam Sri Ranganatha Temple- continues

Divya Desam 1- Srirangam Sri Ranganatha Temple- continues

Srirangam - Bhooloka Vaikuntam

Kaveree Viraja Seyam Vaikuntam Rangamandiram
Sa Vasudevo Pangeshah Pratyaksham Paramam Padam |
Vimanam Pranavakaram Vedasrungam Mahadhbhutham
Srirangasayee Bhagavan Pranavarthaprakasakah ||

“Srirangam, the premier Vaishnava temple in South India is the first and foremost among the 108 Vaishnava divyadesam. All the Alvars have sung in praise of the deity enshrined in the huge temple in the center of the town. The Sri Vaishnava Acharyas from Nathamuni are found to have taken an active and abiding interest in the management of the temple. During Ramanuja’s time, far reaching reforms were introduced both in the religious and secular management. Thus Srirangam has an eventful history, both secular and religious, as the great Vaishnava Acharyas made it the headquarters of the wider Vaishnava movement.

In Vaishnavaite jargon, the term “Koil” signifies the Srirangam temple only. The temple is huge in size which occupies 156 acres of land. It has seven enclosures (Prakaram). These enclosures are thick, huge walls which run round the sanctum.

According to online sources the total length of these seven walls is 32,592 feet or over six miles. The latest Rajagopuram was sponsored by the 44[SUP]th[/SUP] Jeeyar of Ahobila mutt. These 236 feet high Rajagopuram gives a unique look to the entire place. These built in towers decrease as one moves away from them towards the sanctum which signifies that the devotee has to move away from the earthly likes when he is in path to lead a spiritual life. People who grow old tend to believe in all religious rituals and follow those in an orthodox manner.

Vaishnava ethos is to look upon Srirangam as "Bhuloka - Vaikuntam", a concept expanded by Tondaradippodi Alvar, who performed a fulfilling service to the Lord - "pushpa kainkaryam" or braiding basil leaf garlands.

That Srirangam was a premier centre of worship is evident going by the numerous mangalasanas recited in praise of Lord Ranganatha. All these were precursors to the evolution of the Visistadvaita philosophy of Ramanuja who made Srirangam the centre for his activities.

There are 7 prakarams [the only Divya Desam to have so] at this temple that relate to the 7 lokams [7 worlds] each of which is said to be a step in leading us to Vaikuntam.

All that we can experience in Vaikuntham can well be experienced in Srirangam itself. One has to stay atleast for one full year to understand the meaning.

ParaVasudevan is surrounded by Nachimars, nithyasuris and mukthas and thaere is nithya bhagawath anubavam in Vaikuntha.

Namperumal is the pradana purushaeswara in this Bhuloka vaikuntham. He is surrounded by Nachimars, nithyasuris, Azhwars, Acharyas and other Kainkaryaparars and there is nithya aradhana and other festivities all throughout the year.

In Thirupalliyezhuchi Tondaradipodi Azhwar says that all devas (incl Brahma), Gandarvas, kinkaras etc come daily to Sringam to wake up Periya Perumal to get His kadaksham as first thing in the morning (Viswarupam).

All aradhanas and festivities take place at exactly the scheduled time( you can set your watch). It will not change for anyone whoever it is.


There are not enough Words to express about the Greatness of this Great Temple,
request members to share their experiences when visiting this Great Temple


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Divya Desam 2-Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple

Divya Desam 2-Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple


Azhagiya Manavalan Perumal Temple (also called Thirukozhi or Nachiyar Koil) in Woraiyur, a suburb Tiruchirappalli in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Azhagiya Manavalan and his consort Lakshmi as Kamalavalli.

The temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from later Pandyas, Vijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks. A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines and bodies of water. The temple has a 5-tiered rajagopuram, the temple's gateway tower.

Azhagiya Manavalan is believed to have appeared to Kamalavalli, the daughter of Chola king Nanda Cholan, in this place to marry her. Six daily rituals and three yearly festivals are held at the temple, of which the chariot festival, celebrated during the Tamil month of Chittirai (March–April), is the most prominent. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu.



Birth of Goddess lakshmi as Kamalavalli Nachiyar in Uraiyur -

The Chozha King Nanda Chozhan had been childless. Pleased with his dedicated prayers, Lord Ranganathar asked Goddess Lakshmi to born as the King’s daughter at Uraiyur. Being born out of the Lotus, the Goddess here is called as Kamalavalli Nachiyar ( Kamalam means Lotus ). As years went by, Kamalavalli grew into a beautiful young girl. One day while she was out with her friends, her eyes fell on a handsome young man and instantly she fell in love with him. The man was none other than Lord Ranganatha of Srirangam. King Nanda Chozhan was in a fix as his daughter had fallen in love with that man, who had blessed the king with the child. Once again, the Lord acknowleged King’s prayers and accepted her as HIS bride. Delighted at this, Nanda Chozhan built a temple at Uraiyur to celebrate the arrival of Lord Ranganatha to Uraiyur to catch hands of his daughter. Every Year in the Month of Panguni, a significant event takes place here in Nachiyarkoil.

Azhahiya Manavazhan Kalyana Utsavam - Every year, during the Tamil Month Panguni, Lord Ranganatha, in all HIS splendour, leaves the Srirangam Temple at 04:00 AM to take the 6 km journey across River Cauvery in a Golden Palanquin to meet HIS beloved Kamalavalli Naachiyar for their Kalyana Utsavam ( Marriage Celebrations ). On this auspicious day in the month of Panguni, the entire marriage formalities between Lord Ranganatha and Kamalavalli Nachiyar is enacted in Nachiyarkoil. Lord Ranganatha takes the trip back to Srirangam Temple across the River Cauvery on same night. In Uraiyur Nachiyarkoil, Devotees can see Kamalavalli Nachiyar in a Grand Sitting Posture all set to get married. Being the handsome man in HIS wedding attire, Lord Ranganatha here is being worshipped Azhahiya Manavaalan. A speciality of this temple is that this is the Only
Divya Desam among the 108 Divyadesams where the Goddess is facing the Northern Direction, the direction of the Ranganathar of Srirangam.


Kulasekara Alwar - 1 Paasuram
Thirumangai Alwar - 2

About the Temple
Situated in Uraiyur, Trichy district in Tamil Nadu. It is located in uraiyur which is in between Trichy - Erode railway lane. 2 miles away from Trichy Junction. It is also near to Naachiyar koil. Which is in between Trichy - Main guard Gate.

Routing - Trichy Chathram Bus Stand to Junction Via Woraiyur or Vice Versa Temple Timings : Morning 06:00 to 12:00 Evening 04:00 to 07:30

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nachiyar.: Thiru Kozhi (Nichulapuri Uraiyur)
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Divya Desam 3-Uthamar Kovil-(also known as Thirukkarambanoor or Bhikshandar Kovil)

Divya Desam 3-Uthamar Kovil-(also known as Thirukkarambanoor or Bhikshandar Kovil)


Uthamar Kovil (also known as Thirukkarambanoor or Bhikshandar Kovil) in Uthamarkoil, a village in the outskirts of Tiruchirappalli in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Purshottamar and his consort Lakshmi as Poornavalli.

Brahmanda Puranam has the following incident mentioned with respect to this divya desam. Brahma born out of the nabhi of Narayana was continuing to worship Narayana. One day, God decided to test the depth and sincerity of the prayers of Brahma. He is said to have come to Kadamba vanam, took the form of the Kadamba Viruksham (Tree). When Brahma realized that Narayana was not to be seen, he searched for Him and reached Kadamba vana. He realised the Narayana was one among the Kadamba virukshams. He took some water in his kamandalam, poured it on the kadamba trees. The abhisheka water which flowed over the trees and then colleted in a palce and became a tank. Brahma then repeated the Dwadasakshara mantra. Pleased with the sincerity of Brahmas prayers, Perumal appeared before him. The tank came to be known as Brahma theertham. On the bank of this theertham, later kadamba rishi did severe penance. Narayana appeared before him as wll. The tank, since then, came to be known as Kadamba theertham and the town Kadamba kshetram.

It is also said that Siva once commited Brahmahathi by plucking one of Brahma's five heads. Sicne then, the fifth head got stuck to his hand nad tried to get rid of the kapalam. To atone for this sin, Siva visited number of divya kshethrams and eked out his living by begging for alms. Every time he got alms, the bowl will get only half full and so he could not get rid of the sin. He evnetually reached Kadamba kshetra. Perumal asked thaayaar to give some alms to Siva. The grace of Sri was such that the bowl got filled up and Siva was able to atone for his Brahmahathi dosha. It is believed that Siva continued to stay here as Bikshandar.

Another story connected to with this kshetram deals with the dharshan given by Perumal to Janaka Maharaja. Once upon a time, Janaka Maharishi, went on a pilgrimage entrusting the kingdom to to the Minister. In course of time he reached the Kadamba theertham. As advised by Gowthamar, he tooks the assistance of Kashyapar and other rishis and performed a yaga. At the end of the yaga, for some reason, they felt the result was not acheived. This upset the Maharishi. During this time, a rishi with his sishyas came along, noticed the plight of Janaka Maharishi, and instructed them to pray to Kadamba viruksham. They did exactly as told and an asareere was heared saying O King! The yaga became infructuous because unknown to you, the havis has been made impure by a wandering dog. Hence the yaga is not able to deliver the expected result. Please prepare fresh homa dravyams and your wishes will be fulfilled. Accordingly the yaga was performed afresh. In answer to the prayers of Janaka Maharishi, Lord Narayana lying down on Adisesha with Brahma on the nabhi kamalam and Siva as Bikshadanar staying by the side appeared before Janaka Maharishi and the other rishis assembled there. Janaka Maharishi is said to have built this temple for the Tirumirthis and installed the idols.

It is also said that a King by name Satkirthivarthanan, who has no pregeney, came to this kshetram and offered sincere prayers to Perumal and in the course of time was blessed with a Son. As a thanksgiving measure he built the Udyoga Vimanam with five kalasams on the top, as well as the mandapam and the prakaras in the temple. Besides on Chithiria pournami day he performed an utsavam for Perumal, lived here for a long time and attained moksha.

Special Information
DietiesPurushottaman, Poorva Dhevi
TheerthangalKadhamba Theertham
VimanamUdhyoga Vimanam
  • Also a Sivan temple for Bhikshandar
  • A Sannadhi for Sri Brahma is present here only.
  • This kshetra is also called as Trimurthy sthalam.
MangalasasanamThirumangai Azhwar
Direction and PostureBhujanga Shyanam and East-faced.
Travel BaseTrichy
Access to the templeWe have to cross the river Cauvery from Srirangam to reach here. About 1 mile from Sri Rangam and 3 miles from Trichy Junction.
Pratyaksham toKadamba Maharishi, Sanagadhis, Ubharivasu

The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Purushothaman. He is found in Moolavar in Bujanga seva facing East direction. Prathyaksham for Kadhamba Munivar, Thirumangai Alwar, Ubarusaravasoo, the four persons Sanaga, Sanaathana and Sanathkumarar.

How to Get There
It is located next to Sri Rangam after crossing the Kollidam Bridge in Trichy - Madras Road while coming from Trichy. From here only the road divides into three and one road leads to Musiri, Thuraiyur etc., another leads to Lalgudi, Ariyalur etc., and another leads to Madras. While coming by train you can get down either at Uttamar Koil or at Pichanndar Koil Station. It is hardly around two kilometres from Sri Rangam and 7 kms from Trichy. There are plenty of buses available for this temple. All buses leading to Ariyalur, Lalgudi, Samayapuram, Moovanur, Thuraiyur, Musiri etc., will go to this temple

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Divya Desam 4-Pundarikakshan Perumal Temple

Divya Desam 4-Pundarikakshan Perumal Temple


About the Temple:

This Shetram is situated on the way between Trichy to Uraiyur, 13 Kms from the bus stop. Also has bus facility from Sri Rangam. It also goes by the name Swetagiri. Both the tamil and the sanskrit names refer to the hillock of white rock here. It is believed that in terms of antiquity, this temple pre-dates the Srirangam temple and hence the name Aadi Vellarai. Legend has it that Garudan, Markandeya, Lakshmi and Sibi Chakravarti offered worship here. Legend has it that Vishnu blessed Markandeya, Bhudevi and Sibi Chakravarti 4 caturyugas ago (17.3 million years)

Sthala Puranam:

Vellarai means white rock. Since, this sthalam is situated 100 feet high in the top of the small mountain, which is white in colour, this sthalam is called "Thiru Vellarai".

The wall around this temple is very big and covering the entire area of the temple and the walls also has all the 7 theerthams.

The Lord here is referred to the Vedas, which is referred to white colour gives seva along with Thamarai Selvi periya pirattiyar in Nindra Sevai. There are two entrances to go to the Moolasthanam (Where Moolavar is seen). The 2 entrances are named as "Utharayana Vaasal" and "Dhakshanayana Vaasal". ("From Jan 15 to June 15 is through Utharayanya Vaasal and from then to next six month, is through Dhakshanaya Vaasal"). When one Vaasal is opened the other one is closed.

As we say there are two vaasals in this sthalam, we are not supposed to do any good activities in Dhakshinayana Kaalam and good things are tend to be done at Uthirayana Kaalam.

But the activities can also be done at dhakshinayana Kaalam and by worshpping Suriya Narayana and start the activity, the work will be done in a successful way.

Sriman Narayanan is giving dharshan to all living and non living things as Sooriya Narayanan. By extending his rays, he is giving security to the entire world. Sooriya Narayanan, is the person who is making the plants grow, making to rain, Calulating the Jeevathmas paapans (sin) and punniyams (good things). He is revolving round the Earth to make good things happen and to destroy the bad things (or) evils.

Sri vishnu who is also named as "Maayavan" at the end of Dhakshinayana kaalam (Margazhi 15th) is named as "Thai Maatha Naayagan", at the start of Thai Month (Jan 15th)

There is a small explanation that has to be said for the two Vaasals. In the human life, there are two separate entrances, (i.e) entering to the life and getting out of it is the other.In both these Vaasals when entering in to the life and when getting out of it, he could be able to feel the presence of Paramaathma. To make to understand this, he resembles himself as "Suriya Narayanan" at the state of Utharayanam and as "Govindan" at the end of Dhakshinayanan at the end of Maargazhi.

The Dhakshinayana Vaasal is the Vaasal or entrance which leads us to the death and it is the place of the stay of Lord yeman, the king of Naragam. The Uthirayana Vaasal, which is the Vaasal which way that all the Jeevathmas enter in to world as an humanbeing (or) a non living being, is the place of "Lord Guberan", who is the God of wealth.

Even if a person who is well enough in money and his good activity will only lead him towards the Emperumaan. And if a person is very poor and if he is a good hearted and do proper kramas, will lead him to attain the Swargam, the Heaven. To explain this only, there are two vaasals in this Pundarikaksha Sthalam.

Sri Pundarikakshan, Bhoomi Piratti, Periya piratti, Suriya and Chandiran and Aadisheshan resembles as humans in this sthalam and it can be seen in the Moolavari Place.

Engalaazhvan has written the great "Nadaa thooram Aalukku oppatra pungai Maalai".Nadaathoramaal means Bhakthan who is having full and entire soul of Bhakthi on the God.

The name which has been given Engalaazhvan as "Nadaathoramaal" has a very special story to be said. Every day he gives milk to Emperumaan. Thinking the milk may be hot, he makes it cold by blowing air through his mouth and gives to Emperumaan. On the action of Engalaazhvan as his mother and calls him as "Nadaathoorammaal".

Udaiyavar, Sri Ramanujar, stayed in this sthalam and explained about Vaishnavam and made it grow. Vedantha Desikar in his Hamsa Sandesam has done Mangalaasasanam.

In front of big pillar in his temple, when we make any sound, it replicates and echo around the temple. Because of this, some of paasurams in Divyapprabhandhams are said for 2 or 3 times.


  • This temple has a biggest wall (Mathil sevar)
  • Birth place of Bhakthar Uyyakondaar.
  • Situated on top of the Mountain which is fall of white rocks and 100 feet high.


  • Periyalwar - 11 Paasurams
  • Thirumangai Alwar - 13

History of the Temple

The word Vellarai means white rock. Owing to the presence of white rocks in the region, the place is historically referred as Thiru Vellara. The temple is believed to be built by Pallavas during 8[SUP]th[/SUP] century with later contributions of Cholas, Pandyas, Viajayanagaras and Madhura Nayaka kings. There is a swastika shaped holy tank built in 800 AD by Kamban Araiyan. There are two gates in the temple which are believed to represent the continuous cycle of entering into life and getting out of it. The Vimana of the temple called as Vimalakruthi Vimana. The main gateway tower is in unfinished structure. It has four stepped gateways each having 51 steps.

It is believed that Lord had appeared to Garuda, Sibi Chakravarthy, Bhoomadevi, sage Markandeya, Brahma and Shiva, all of whose images are housed inside the sanctum. The temple has sculptural depictions of Narasimha and Varaha avataras. Azhwars, Garuda, Ramanujar and Uyyakondar are the orther shrines installed in the temple. There are depictions of Lord Krishna on the pillars of the temple especially which Lord Krishna is depicted dancing on a pot. He is seen dancing in Swastika posture with his roll like hairstyle, ornaments and anklet.

Temple’s Timings: 7.00am to 1.15pm and from 3.30pm to 8.00pm. Temple’s Full Address: Sri Pundarikakshan Temple, Tiruvellarai, Trichy, Tamil Nadu-621 009. How to reach Pundarikakshan Perumal Temple in Trichy
By Bus: Buses are available from Trichy Bus Stand to the temple frequently which is 23 km away. By Train: Nearest railway station is Trichy Railway Station which is 20 km away. Buses are available to access the temple.
Thiruvellarai temple

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Divya Desam 5-Thiru Anbil, or Sundararaja Perumal Temple -

Divya Desam 5-Thiru Anbil, or Sundararaja Perumal Temple -

Chozha king built the Anbil temple

Sundara Raja Chozhan, the father of Raja Raja Chozhan had stayed here for a night before going for a battle. He laid his weapons before the Lord and sought his blessings. Emerging victorious, he is said to have come back here and built the temple in its current form.

Religious Significance

The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Tirumazhisai Alwar in two hymns. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book. This temple is referred in a verse where the seven shrines featuring Vishnu in a reclining position - Tirukkudandai at Kumbakonam, Tiruvekkaa at Kanchipuram, Thiruevvul at Tiruvallur, Srirangam Rangathaswamy Temple, Tiruppernagar, Anbil and Tirupparkadal are mentioned. The temple is thronged by devotees praying for marriage. Special ablution is also performed for Andal seeking their wishes.


The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Vadivazhagiya Nambi..Moolavar in Kidantha Kolam and in Bhujanga sayanam and facing East direction. Andal is seen in a sitting posture here. This is considered as a prarthana sthalam for unmarried women. It is believed that prayers to Andal at this temple will result in them finding the bridegroom. To find salvation from Brahmma’s curse, Shiva went on a pilgrimage begging for food, with Brahmma’s skull as the begging vessel. Every time someone filled the vessel with food, Shiva found to his horror that it vanished immediately. At Uthamar Koil, Goddess Lakshmi filled the vessel with food, thus ending Shiva’s hunger. However, to Shiva’s dismay, Brahmma’s skull still lay fixed on his hand. Shiva is said to have visited this place from Uthamar Koil before going to Kandiyur where he finally got salvation.

This Anbil Sthalam is closely related to great creators. This whole world was created by Lord Brahma and Valmiki Maharishi is great Saint (Muni) and has lots of good thoughts built-in. Both these two persons are very good examples of creating good things and dedicating it to this mighty world. Based on the Kalyana gunam (Character) and Thiru Vadivam (shape) of Sriman Narayanan, they created good things and presented to the world. Behind this good creation, is the love (or) Anbu in Tamil on God. So, this sthalam is called as “Anbil”. To all the creative people, all the things they see looks good and beautiful. Like the same way, the God here is Vadivazhagiya Nambi and Thaayar is Azhagiyavalli Naachiyar showing Shundhara – Sorobha Dharshanam. Sundaram means “beautiful” and “good looking” and Soroobham means the body. Since, the Perumal and Thaayar are said to look good and beautiful, it is said the beauty of them attracts all of His Devotees.

“Anbae Kadavul, Anbae Azhaghu, Anbae Ulagam, Anbae Gnyanam and Anbae Padaippu”This is quote told here and the explanation is “God is love, Beauty is Love, Love is the world, Love is the Gnayanam and Love is the creator. And all these beautiful issues indicates how beauty the Perumal is. Once when Manduga Maharishi was in penance under water. Saint Dhuruvaasar waited for him on the water shore long time. Since Saint Mandugar has not turned up, Saint Dhuruvaasar cursed him to become frog. So Saint Mandugar came to this place and did penance on Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu appeared before him and whipped off the curse given Saint Dhurvaasar and Saint Mandugar regained his form. So this place was previously called as “Mandugaa (frog) puri”. The pond here is also called as “Manduga Theertham”.

Once when Thirumezhisai Alwar came here, he was teased to a great extent by the people. He taught of teaching them a lesson and sung a song on Lord Vishnu to appear on him and make the people know that he is Lord Vishnu’s ardent devotee, and Lord Vishnu came out of Thirumezhisai Alwar and appeared here as “Vadhivazhagiya Nambi” to make Thirumezhisai Alwar to teach them a lesson. Sundara Raja Chozhan, the father of Raja Raja Chozhan had stayed here for a night before going for a battle. He laid his weapons before the Lord and sought his blessings. Emerging victorious, he is said to have come back here and built the temple in its current form.

Sundaram means "beautiful" and "good looking" and Soroobham means the body. Since, the Perumal and Thaayar are said to Good looking and beautiful, it is said the beauty of them attracts all of His bhakthaas.

"Anbae Kadavul, Anbae Azhaghu, Anbae Ulagam, Anbae Gnyanam and Anbae Padaippu"

This is quote told here and the explanation is "God is love, Beauty is Love, Love is the world, Love is the Gnayanam and Love is the creator. And all these beautiful issues indicates how beauty the Perumal is.

Thirumazhisai Azhvaar’s comparison

While referring to Lord Vishnu in his reclining posture, Thirumazhisai Azhvaar talks about Anbil (Vadivazhagiya Nambi) along side Srirangam Ranganathar, Appaala Ranganathar (Koviladi), Thiru Kudanthai, Thiru Vallur, Thiruvekka and Thiru Paarkadal.

நாகநாதனை குடந்தை வெக்க திருஎவ்வுள்
நாகநாதனை அரங்கம் பேர் அன்பில்

நாகநாதனை பாற்கடல் கிடக்கும்
ஆதி நெடுமால் அணைப்பாய் கருதானவான்



The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Vadivazhagiya Nambi. Moolavar in Kidantha Kolam and in Bhujanga sayanam and facing East direction.
Prathayaksham for Lord Brahma and Vaalmiki.


The Thayaar of this Sthalam is Azhagiya valli Naachiyaar.


  • Thirumazhisai Alwar - 1

  • Mandooga Pushkarani - Kollidam.

Temple Timings:
7 am to 12 pm and 4 pm and 8 pm
Temple Telephone Number:
+91- 431 – 6590 672.
Temple Address:
Sri Sundararaja Perumal Temple,
Tiru Anbil-621 702.

Temple Location :

It is situated in Tamil Nadu. This divya desam is situated 8 Kms away from Vizhupuram Guard line. It is situatedon the North shore (Vadakarai) of collidam river. The bus way is through Kallannai to Kumbakonam. There is no plenty of transportation and boarding facility.

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Temple, Travel and Sport: Anbil Vadivazhagiya Nambi Divya Desam


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Divya Desam 6-Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple-

Divya Desam 6-Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple-


Temple History

Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple or Thirupper Nagar, is a Hindu temple located in Koviladi, a village 10 miles (16 km) from Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India.

The temple has inscriptions from the 18th year of the reign of Aditya Chola. The recorded inscriptions in this temple are numbered 283, 300, 301 and 303 of 1901. As per Nammazhwar, the temple was home to the Vedic scholars of the time. The inscriptions in the temple indicate donations given towards the building of the main hall. Koviladi was one of the focal points of fighting in the regions surrounding Tiruchirapalli during the Anglo-French war; there are no records on the contributions or damages caused by this war.

The temple has a three-tiered rajagopuram facing west and an elevated structure approached through 21 steps. The Moolavar (presiding deity) of the temple, "Appala Rangan", is seen in Bhujangasayanm (a reclining posture) facing west and is surrounded by Bhooma Devi and Kamala Valli Thaayar. The central deity is depicted in a reclining posture called pujanga sayanam, and he is shown holding the holy pot in his right hand. The sanctum also contains the image of Upayamanyu and Dhurvarsa. The central deity is called Appala Ranganathar; he is located away from the Ranganathar in Srirangam. The temple has a prakaram (precinct) around the sanctum.

Legends of the temple:

The lord of the temple shri vishnu is giving appam a sweet to the devotees hence the name appam kuduthan.

There was a king called Ubarishravas who was cursed because he kiled a brahmin while hunting elephants
On prayers to lord Shiva the king was directed to go to koiladi and feed devotees and when Mahavishnu is fed here the king’scurse would be lifted. The king came here built a palace and started feeding poor people. On day Mahavishnu came in the guise of an old man after all the food was finished and was served appam. and payasam by the king.

At that time, Markandeya rishi was directed by Shiva to this place to seek refuge in Lord Vishnu for longevity of life. Markandeya came here and saw the old Brahmin lying on the couch holding an appa kudam in one hand. Markandeya bowed to him 100 times and Lord Vishnu regaining His original form, lifted his hand from the appa kudam and blessed Markandeya with longevity. He also blessed King .

The temple:

This is one of the Pancha Ranga Kshetrams

Srirangapatnam in Karnataka, Srirangam, Kumbakonam and Mayiladuthurai all along Course of the River Kaveri.Many people consider it a piligrimage and see all the five in a day.

This temple is on a hillock by name Indragiri. With 2 prakarams,

A climb up these stairs leads us to the praharams

Mangalasasanam – Thirumangai Alwar, Periyalwar, Thirumazhisai Alawar and Nammalvar sung praising the glories of Sri Appakudathan Perumal in this temple.

33 verses by Periyalvar, Thirumangai Azhwar, Thirumalisai Alvar and Nammazhwar.
This sacred place is the Moksha sthal of Sri Nammalvar.

It is believed that the childless couple would be blessed with virtuous offspring upon offering butter and sugar to Lord Santhanagopalan in this temple.

Pancharanga Kshetrams (also called Pancharangams, meaning the "five Rangams or Ranganathas") is a group of five Hindu temples on the banks of the Kaveri River dedicated to Ranganatha, a form of Vishnu. The five Pancharanga Kshetrams are: The Srirangapatnam called the Adi Ranga, the first temple on the banks of the Kaveri River from the upstream side; the Srirangam (island in Tiruchirappalli) in Tamil Nadu known as Adya Ranga (the last temple), Appalarangam or Koviladi at Tiurppernagar in Tamil Nadu, Parimala Ranganatha Perumal Temple or Mayuram at Indalur, Mayiladuthurai and Vatarangam at Sirkazhi. The Sarangapani temple at Kumbakonam is mentioned in place of Vatarangam in some references.[SUP]

[/SUP] This is the only Divya Desam where Neyyappam is offered to the Lord every night as neivedhyam. There is a belief that childless couples upon praying and offering butter with sugar to the Santhanagopalan deity at the temple are blessed with children.[SUP]


The Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple is revered in the Nalayira Divya Prabandham, a 7th–9th century [SUP].

[/SUP] The temple is classified as a divyadesam; the 108 Vishnu temples that are revered in the Vaishnava canon. The temple is counted as the sixth in line of divyadesams located in Chola Nadu. The temple is also mentioned in the Sanskrit work Srirangaraja Sarithapanam.

The temple is also the mukthi stalam; the place where saint Perialvar is believed to have attained the feet of Vishnu

The temple timings are 7.30 am to 1 pm., 4.30pm -8.15p.m

How to Reach:

1)From Trichy take the road to Kallanai . On the Trichy Chennai bypass there is a prominent board that leads to Kallanai. The road is excellent. It is 9 kms to kallanai and about 5 kms further you will reach Thirupernagar / Koviladi village where the temple is situated.

2)You can also reach the temple from Lalgudi and Anbil side . The road was horrible last time I travelled hence I chose to travel via kallanai.

3)The temple is about 25 kms away from Thiruvaiyaru towards trichy after you cross Thirukattupalli from Tanjore side.

My Pilgrimage: Appakudathan temple- Tiru Koviladi, Tamil Nadu
Dr.Ravishankar's blog: Koviladi Appakudathan Temple Thirupernagar a Divyadesam
Appakudathan Temple : Appakudathan Temple Details | Appakudathan- Koviladi | Tamilnadu Temple | ???????????????
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India Temple Tour: 108 Divya Desams !! Thirupper Nagar ? Sri Appakudathan Perumal Temple !!

Janaki Jambunathan

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This is Kallanai about 10 Km from this temple Instead of turing right if you go left you can reach Thiruvaiyaru! From my file photos I remember in this temple i met 2 youg men from Bangalore visiting Divyadesams and they wanted to go to Thirumayam after this temple I dropped them in Trichy to take a bus to Tirumayam

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Divya Desam 7-Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple

Divya Desam 7-Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple


About the Temple / Description:

Thiruvanthipuram Kovil is a Vaishanva Hindu Temple in Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu in South India. The primary deity here is Lord Vishnu in the form Devanatha Swami. The koil is among the 108 Divya Desams, the holy abodes of Lord Vishnu. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Hara Saabha Vimochana and his consort Lakshmi as Kamalavalli.

Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, it is mentioned in the Divya Prabandha of the Alvar saints. Located in the edge of the river Gadilam. Devanatha Swami Temple is a famous temple of Hindu worship. The great philosopher Sri Ramanuja, the disciple of Lord Vishnu lived in this place. Hayagriva temple is also located here. Hayagriva is worshipped in a solitary pose of meditation in this temple, This form is known as Yoga-Hayagriva.

The temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from Vijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks. A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines and its bodies of water. The temple has a 5-tiered rajagopuram, the temple's gateway tower.

Hara Saabha Vimochana is believed to have appeared to Hindu gods Brahma and Shiva, and King Mahabali. Six daily rituals and four yearly festivals are held at the temple.

The Raja Gopuram is partitioned into 3 thalam.

The temple of this sthalam is 222 feet in length and 115 feet broad in the breadth.

Sthala Puranam:

As per Hindu legend, Brahma, the Hindu god of creation and Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction, had originally five heads. Parvathi, the wife of Shiva once got confused and performed patha pooja (ablution of feet, considered an act of respect) to Brahma instead of Shiva. Shiva got enraged and cut off one of the heads of Brahma. The cut head got stuck in his hand of Shiva on account of a curse of Brahma.

To get rid off the sin, Shiva worshipped Vishnu at Thirukarambanur as Bhikshadana, where a part of his sin was relieved. He got his curse fully relieved after visiting Vishnu at Thirukandiyur and taking a holy dip in the temple tank, Kamala Pushkarani. Since Vishnu relieved (vimochana) the sin (saabha) of Shiva (also called Hara), the temple is called Hara Saabha Vimochana Temple. After the incident, the tank came to be known as Kapala Theertham (kapala indicates skull). Shiva was pleased and he built the Hara Sabha Vimochana temple and also built a temple for himself near it.[SUP]

As per another legend, Lakshmi, the consort of Vishnu requested Shiva to cut off one of the heads of Brahma as she felt that Vishnu would ignore her and show all his affection towards Brahma. Sage Bhrigu, King Mahabali and Chandra (Moon) all got their sins relieved worshipping Vishnu here in the temple. Sage Bhrigu, once wanted to test the superior of Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva. He kicked Vishnu in his chest in anger and got relieved of the sin here. Chandra, who sinned by seducing the preceptor's wife, got partially relieved of it by worshipping Hara Saabha Vimochana Perumal

Religious Significance

The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Thirumangai Azhwar in ten hymns. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book.[SUP]

[/SUP] The temple is one of the few historical temples in India where the images of Hindu trinity, Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma are housed in the same premises. It is one of the two temples in Chola Nadu where the trinity can be seen in the same premises, the other being Uttamar Kovil near Tiruchirapalli. The shrines of Brahma and his consort Saraswati were dilapidated during the course of time. The place is called by different names like Kandiyur, Kandana Kshetram and Pancha Kamala Kshetram, and is believed that devotees get relieved off their Brahmahatti Dosha after visiting the temple. The temple is considered older than Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple and believed to be in existence from the Treta Yuga

In Brahmanda puram, 8 songs are sung and well explained about this temple.

Both Sri Lakshmi Narasimmar and Chakkratalwar are given the seva in the same place. As infront and back. Since, Narasimmar is behind the wall, it is not possible to worship him. Only Chakratalwar can be worshipped.

The vimaanam of this temple will be like the lotus flower. Sandhaana Gopalan and Navaneedha krishnan are also the Ursavars found in this temple.

Kamalam means Lotus. Since, the Shetram is also called as Kamala shetram, the pushkaraniis Kamala Pushkarani, the utsavar is Kamalanathan, and the thaayar is Kamala valli, this temple is said to built along with Panja Kamala way. Panja means five.

The Brahma devans sculpture is taken out and along with saraswathi devi, it is kept inside shivas temple and Lord shiva is kept where the Brahma's sculpture used to placed.

Since, Lord Shiva got the Brahmagarthi dosham, Lord Brahma's sculpture was kept inside shiva's temple. Along the south side of this temple is a sannadhi for Sri Vedantha Desikar, but not utsavar is available.


The Moolavar of this temple is Sri Hara Saabha Vimocchanapperumal. Moolavar in Nindra (Standing) position facing East directipn. Prathyaksham for Agathiya Munivar.

Kamala valli Thaayar.

Utsavar :

Sri Kamalanathan.


  • Chakratalwar
  • Lakshmi Narasimar
  • Vedantha Desikar

  • Thirumangai Alwar - 1 Paasuram.
    Total - 1

  • Kabaala Moksha Pushkarani.
  • Padma Theertham.
  • Kabaala Theertham.
  • Kudamurutti Nadhi.


Kamalakkruthi Vimaanam.


Temple is located about 11 KM from Thanjavur on the way toThiruvayaru.Temple is at the road side near bus stop

Temple Timings

7.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 7.30 p.m

Temple Telephone Number

+91- 93446 08150.

Temple Address

Sri Hara Shaba Vimochana Perumal Temple,
Kandiyur-613 202.
Thanjavur district.

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Divya Desam 8-Jakath Rakshaka Perumal Temple, Thirukkoodaloor

Divya Desam 8-Jakath Rakshaka Perumal Temple, Thirukkoodaloor

Also known as Vaiyam Katha Perumal


The Temple

Jakath Rakshaka Perumal Temple or Thirukoodalur (locally called Aduthurai Perumal Temple) in Vadakurangaduthurai, a village in the outskirts of Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Jakath Rakshaka and his consort Lakshmi as Padmasanavalli.

The temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from Vijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks. A brick wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines and bodies of water.

Jakath Rakshaka is believed to have appeared to sage Nandaka and King Ambarisha. Six daily rituals and three yearly festivals are held at the temple

Lord Perumal graces the devotees in a standing form. The vimana above the sanctum sanctorum is called Suddha Satwa Vimana.

The devotees strongly believe that the very discus of Perumal would be a security to them if they surrender at His Lotus feet.

As per Hindu mythology, demon Hiranyaksha fought with mother earth and went underground, called Patala. Vishnu was born as Varaha, an avatar in the form of a boar to pierced underground. He split the earth into two parts and brought the two back at Srimushnam. Thirumangai Azhwar quotes the incident and calls the village as Pugunthaan Oor, meaning the place where Vishnu went inside the earth. Since Vishnu protected the world here, he is called Jagath Rakshaka Perumal (in Tamil as Vaiyam Katha Perumal). The gap seen in the sactum close to the image of Jagath Rakshaka is believed to be the centre point of earth and all devas came together to worship him. Since it brought all of them together, an act referred in Tamil as koodal, the village is called Thirukoodalur.

The Lord of the temple is praised by Saint Tirumangai Azhwar in his Mangalasasanam hymns.


As per Hindu legend, King Ambarisha who immersed himself in the worship of Vishnu, failed to strengthen his army and lost his kingdom. While doing worship, he also did not observe the sage Durvasa who went along his way. The sage got irritated and cursed the king. The king went to Vishnu for rescue, who sent his discus to chase the sage. The sage surrendered to Vishnu and begged pardon. The king Ambarishan is believed to have built the temple and hence the presiding deity is also called Ambarisha Varadhar at this place.[SUP]


As per another legend, all rivers come to river Kaveri for cleansing themselves. Kaveri wanted to cleanse herself and approached Hindu god Brahma. She is believed to have worshipped Vishnu at this place and got relieved. A parrot which was devoted to Vishnu was shot down in the nearby forest. Vishnu rescued the parrot and appeased him of him previous birth. Thus it is believed that Vishnu descends here for all forms of life. Vishnu is also believed to have appeared for sage Nandaka.[SUP]

[/SUP]Since all sages came here and prayed to Vishnu, the place is called Koodalaur (Koodal means group).

Religeous Significance

Jagath Rakshaka is considered the saviour deity and he is believed to descend for all forms of life in the planet. The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Tirumazhisai Alwar in one hymn. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book.

The temple is associated with Ketu, one of the Navagrahas, the nine planet deities of Hinduism. While Vishnu sent his discus to chase the sage Durvasa, the other symbol of him, the conch, got prominence. The conch is believed to have appeared in the jack fruit tree behind the sanctum. Devotees worship the conch in the tree in the temple and during festive occasions, perform special rituals.

Location :

Tirukudalur is 22 km from Kumbakonam on the Tiruvaiyaru road. The temple is near the Aduthurai Perumal Koil bus stop. From Swamimalai, the temple is at a distance of 18 km.

The temple is open from 7.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to7.30 p.m.

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Divya Desam 9-Gajendra Varadha Perumal Temple

Divya Desam 9-Gajendra Varadha Perumal Temple


The Temple

The temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from Vijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks. A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines and its bodies of water.

Gajendra Varadha Perumal Temple in Thirukandiyur, a village in the outskirts of Thiruvayaru in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Maha Vishnu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD.( Saint Tirumazhisai Azhwar had sung the praise of the Lord in his Mangalasasanam.“I have understood to keep away Lord of Death Yama, fate, fire and all evil, because, I keep that magic Lord Kannan on the banks of Rivers and Milk Ocean ever in my mind)

It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Gajendra Varadha and his consort Lakshmi as Ramanavalli. The temple is one of the five Pancha-Kannan temples, where Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu is given prominence over the presiding deity.

Lord Perumal is in a reclining (Bhujanga Sayanam) posture facing east. The Vimana above the sanctum sanctorum is called Gaganakrutha Vimana. Devout Gajendra the elephant also called Indrajumnan, the crocodile called Koohoo, Sage Parasara and Sri Anjaneya had worshipped the Lord in this temple and had His darshan

In antiquity, the place was referred to as Yanai Katha Nallur which means that an elephant was absolved of its curse.


As per Hindu legend, King Indrajuman, who immersed himself in the worship of Lord Vishnu, failed to strengthen his army and lost his kingdom. While doing worship, he also did not observe the sage Durvasa (some sources claim it as Agasthya) who went along his way.

The sage got irritated and cursed the king to be born as an elephant in his next birth. The king apologized to the sage for his negligence and moved by his innocence, the sage wished that he would continue to be a Vishnu devotee as an elephant and that Vishnu would bestow him goodwill. There was a demon by name Koohoo in the temple tank at this place, who troubled all who took bath in the tank. He was cursed by a sage to be born as crocodile in his next birth.

The elephant Gajendra continued as a Vishnu devotee and while drinking water from the temple tank, his leg was grabbed the crocodile Koohoo. The elephant cried in rescue calling the name "Adimulam" and Vishnu sent his discus to fend off the crocodile. Both the elephant and crocodile turned to their human form by the grace of Vishnu. Since Vishnu appeared heard to save the elephant Gajendra, he came to be known as Gajendara Varadar. Hanuman, the monkey lietutinant of Rama, (avatar of Vishnu) also worshiped Vishnu at this place and hence the place came to be known as Kabisthalam (kabi in Tamil indicated monkey)

Another story linked with this temple is that Lord Vishnu took the appearance with eight hands holding eight weapons to kill the vicious snake sent by Saraswati to disturb the homa being performed by Brahma.

The devotees have only to call the loudly “Aadhimoolame”. All their grievances will be redressed and wishes granted

Religious Significance

The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Tirumazhisai Alwar in one hymn. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book. Since there is only a passing mention about the place in the verse, it was earlier not clear on whether the verse refers to the temple. But it has been concluded that the verse "Aatrankarai Kidakkum Kannan" meaning the Lord on the banks of the river refers to Gajendra Varadar in this place.[SUP]


This temple is one of the Panchakanna (Krishnaranya) Kshetrams. Kannan refers to Krishna, the avatar of Vishnu, while pancha means five and Kshetrams refers to holy places. Four of the five temples are situated in Chola Nadu, in modern times, in the region surrounding Kumbakonam and Nagapattinam and one of them in Nadu Nadu. There are five similar temples located in North India, called Pancha-dvarakas. Krishna is not the presiding deity in any of the temples. The processional deity, Krishna, led to the derivation of the names of these places. In Kabisthalam, Kannan is referred as "reclining Lord in the river banks"

Six daily rituals аnd four yearly festivals аre held аt the temple, оf whіch the Gajendra Moksha Leela, celebrated during the Tamil month оf Aadi іs the mоst prominent.


Kapisthalam is located 3 Kms across Cauvery from Papanasam in Tanjore District. It is located on Kumbakonam Tiruvaiyaru road and is about 16 Kms from Kumbakonam.

Temple Timings: 7 AM to 12 Noon & 5 PM to 7.30 PM

Temple Address: Arulmigu Gajendra Varadhar Koil
Kapisthalam 614 203
Tanjavur Dist
Phone: 04734-223434
Priest: Shri Seshadri Bhattacharya

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Divya Desam 10-Thirupullabhoothangudi Temple

Divya Desam 10-Thirupullabhoothangudi Temple


Thirupullabhoothangudi Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in Pullabhoothangudi, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the “Divya Desams”, the 108 temples of Vishnu revered by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.

The temple has a small shrine with Vimanam and 3-tier rajagopuram. It is located in Pullabhoothangudi, a small village, 8 km away from Kumbakonam and 1 km from Thiru Aadanoor Temple. The temple tank is located north of the temple.

The gleaming kalasams, dwajasthambam and balipeetam of the Pullabhuthangudi temple welcome the devotee.

By the time Rama and Lakshmana came to the place, the shades were already closing upon Jatayu. Having told the brothers of the dire happening, Jatayu died. It is said that Rama performed the last rites for the bird with great piety, like a son. That is why Srivaishnava Acharyas use the respectful epithet, “Periya Udaiyar” for Jatayu.

This was in Treta yuga. In Kaliyuga, Tirumangai Azhwar happened to come to this place. He found a brilliant glow illumining the directions. Drawing near he found it was the four-armed Supreme resting with a magnificent bow near him. He composed a prayer of 10 hymns where he uses the word, “Valvil Raman” (Rama with the strong bow, Dhrida-dhanvi), and speaks of the rich rice fields and gardens in ecstatic terms. Much of that prosperity is not visible now, but the devotional fervour for the holy place is enviably vibrant.

Since the temple is under the trusteeship of Sri Ahobila Math, the environs are kept clean and the structure is in good condition. Ten kilometres to the northwest of Kumbakonam, the Rama temple at Pullabuthangudi welcomes us with a five-tier Rajagopuram.

Seven kalasams gleam atop allowing us entry to the inner circle where we salute the dwajasthambham and Balipeetam. We then move beneath a smaller sized gopuram of three tiers with five kalasams and presently we go up to the sanctum of the temple

The Moolavar, Chakravarthi Thirumagan, is certainly an imposing presence. The Ramayana legend is fond of seeing the active hero-warrior in peaceful, resting poses. Viswamitra watches the young Rama who is asleep and wakes him up with the verse, “Kausalya Supraja Rama”. We see Rama resting on Sita’s lap when Kakasura troubles her. Later we see Rama lying on the Kusa grass for seven days to make Varuna give way for his army to cross over to Lanka.

The legend of Pullabhuthangudi adds that Rama rested here after performing the last rites of Jatayu. All these only go to show the charm devotees find in the sleeping pose of the Divine, as in Srirangam.

Rama in this temple is a dark ocean radiating peace. At his feet is a noble image of his Consort. But was not Rama alone here? Hadn’t Sita been abducted at that time? N. Kannan of the Ahobila Math explains that it is Bhumipiraatti (Mother Earth), and promptly speaks of another moving legend. Rama had got ready to perform the final obsequies on the banks of a pond (now known as Jatayu Pushkarini) when he realised that the Vedic ceremony needed the presence of his wife. He felt sad that he was helpless in the matter. Immediately there arose a golden lotus in the tank with Bhuma Devi (Sita is considered to be a manifestation of Mother Earth) who helped fulfil Rama’s desire to complete the rituals. Hence we find Bhuma Devi in the sanctum. She is seated, with a lotus in hand. Reliefs on the wall behind show Brahma, Lakshmana, Hanuman and Jatayu. The Utsava deity has four hands holding the hardy Kodanda bow, the conch and the discus, with the lower right hand in abhaya mudra. The icons of Teerthabherar and Yagabherar as also baby Krishna are seen along.

How to reach:

The temple is close to Swamimalai near Kumbakonam and can be visited along with other temples having Tanjavur base. It is about 10 kms from Kumbakonam and 5 kms from Swamimalai, the famous Murugan (Karthikeyan) temple. It can be easily visited along with Thiruaadhanoor divyadesam that is just about a km away.
Local Bus Nos. 12 and 30 ply from Kumbakonam to Pullam Bhoothangudi (via Swami Malai) on way to Thiruvaikavoor.

Temple Timings:

The temple is open from 7.30 am to 12.30 in the mornings and from 4 pm to 7.30 pm in the evenings.

Temple Contact Details:

Arulmigu Valvil Raman Thirukkovil, Thiruppullaboothangudi – 612301
Thanjavur District
Priest: Shri Gopal Bhattar
Mobile: +91-94435 25365

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Thirupullabhoothangudi Temple


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Divya Desam 11-Thiru Aadanoor Temple

Divya Desam 11-Thiru Aadanoor Temple

The Temple


Andalkumayan Perumal Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in Aadanoor, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the "Divya Desams", the 108 temples of Vishnu revered by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.[SUP]


The temple has a small shrine with Vimanam and 3-tier rajagopuram. The temple was built by Aditya Chola.[SUP]


It is located in Olaipadi, a small village, 7 km away from Kumbakonam and 2 km from Swamimalai. The temple tank is located north of the temple. The deities are similar to the Sri Ranganathaswamy temple of Srirangam.

Sthala Puranam:

Actually in Tamil, "Pasu" means cow. Kaamadhenu which is known to be a Divine cow is said to be good to give all sorts of wealth. During Kurma Avatharam taken by Lord Vishnu, all sorts of good things come out of it, which is used to the world. One of those things is Kaamadhenu, which is gifted to Indiran, the king of swargha Lokam.

Pasu (Cow)=Aa + than + oor. "Aa" means cow. Since, the Lord gave Prathyaksham for Kaamadhenu, this sthalam is called as "Thiru Adhanoor".

The lord gives seva along with Ranganayaki Thaayar in this sthalam in Kidantha thirukkolam and having Marakkaal (Which is used as a measuring tool) below his head and a writing instrument, Ezhuthaani and Palm leaf in his left head.

The lord who is suppose to be the Paramaathma, resides (Urayum) on all of the hearts, which is considered as the place of stay of him.

He is seeing all the activities of Jeevaathma by going in depth to call to cell. As the seva of this God, he holds of the leaf (Oolai Chuvadi) and a writing instrument, he calculates the good and bad activities of all the Jeevathmaas and based on the activities, he is ruling the Jeevathmaas. Because of this reason this Emperumal is called as "Aandu Alakkum Iyan", as he keeps Marakkal, measuring instrument which is used as the measuring tool for measuring the good and bad activities.

His right hand is the hand which serves all the necessary things needed for the world (Padi alakkum Kai(hand)) and left hand for writing.

The Sun which is arising above the Earth is one of the way he sees the world. The rays of the sun is the Eye of the God. All the things are happening only after his eyes are opened.

He is not only serving for the Humans, (Mankind) but also to the flowers, rivers, mountains, animals etc. By going indepth into their body as sun rays, he is taking them along their way.

Not even a single cell and its activities can escape from his Suns rays in this world.

Because of reason, this Kshethram is called as "Aadhavanulla Oor", which is laterly called as "Adhanoor". Aadhavan means sun and at the same time as the name implies, the pushkarani here is Soorya (Soorya means Sun in tamil)pushkarani.

Being good (or) bad all the activities and the thinkings of a person should give him good and bad things. It will be even extended from his ancesstors also. What he does will be extended to their forth coming generation people. To write all this Good and bad activities calculations, he is having the writing tool is his hand.

The Jeevathmaa's Karma palan is well explained by this perumal of this Thiru Aadhanoor shetram. The Emperumal is also called as "Padiyallakum Paramadhayalu".

Only in this divya desam, the body (Thirumeni) of thiru mangai alwar reside inside the Garbhagriham (Where the moolavar is situated). But om rest of the temples, alwars will be outside the Garbhagriham.

This is one of the story said along with the sthalapuranam of this temple.

Sri Andalakkum Aiyyan (Bhujanga sayanam facing east) Sri Devi, Bhoo Devi sitting aside of emperumAn and Brahma on nAbhi kamalam. Prathyaksham to KamadhEnu and Thirumangai Azhwar, both standing at HIS lotus feet. HE is having "marakkal" under his head and holding "ezhuthaani" and palm leaf. Using the "marakkal", emperumAn measures all the good and bad activities of jeevAthma and enter into the "oolai chuvadi" - palm leaf using writing instrument "ezhuthaani". Based on this HE serves and rules not only jeevAthmas but also plants, animals, all chithth & achithth. Hence "Aandu alakkum"



Mangalasasanam - Thirumangai Azhwar

Only in this divyadesam Thirumangai Azhwar at archai is standing(inside the garbhagraham) near the lotus feet of moolvar. In all other divyadesams Azhwar is usually outside the garbhagraham. Another notable information is that, the AdhisEshan has "sanku-chakra" samAsrayana symbol.


  • Surya Pushkarani

Pranava Vimaanam.


It is believed that worshipping Perumal in the temple would bring in prosperity in the family and bless the devotee with excellence in educational pursuits


Sri Andalakkum Aiyan Temple, Tiru Adanur,-612 301, Papanasam Taluk, Thanjavur district
+91- 435 - 2000 503.

Temple Timings

The temple is open from 7.00 a.m. to 12.30 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m


10 day Brahmmotasavam is celebrated in Vaikasi-May-June

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Divya Desam 12- Sri Sarangapani Temple

Divya Desam 12- Sri Sarangapani Temple


The Temple

Sarangapani is the largest Vishnu temple in Kumbakonam and has the tallest temple tower in the town. The temple is enshrined within a huge wall and the complex enshrines all the water bodies of the temple except the Potramarai tank. The rajagopuram (the main gateway) has eleven tiers and has a height of 173 ft (53 m). There are five other smaller gopurams in the temple. The rajagopuram has figures depicting various religious stories. The temple faces east and the Potramarai tank is located outside the western entrance. The central shrine of the temple is in the form of a chariot drawn by horses and elephants, with openings on either side, showing the descent of Sarangapani from heaven in the chariot. There is a sculptural representation of the sage Hemarishi in the western part of the temple.[SUP]

[/SUP] The central shrine of the temple houses the image of Sarangapani in pallikonda posture, with his head resting on his right hand. The are other images of sage Hemarishi, Lakshmi and festival images enshrined within the sanctum. There are two stepped entrances to the sanctum named as Utharayana Vaasal and Dhakshanayana Vaasal, each open for a six-month period. From 15 January to 15 July, Utharayanya Vaasal is opened while Dhakshanaya Vaasal is opened during the other half of the year. The Potramarai tank has a central hall called Hemarishi Mandapam.The temple has two processional chariots carved out of wood stationed outside the rajagopuram.[SUP]


In Bharatanatyam, a South Indian dance form, 108 karanas form the basic movements. Some of these karanas are sculpted around the walls of the temple. Similar sculptures are found in the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur and Nataraja Temple in Chidambaram

Greatness Of Temple:

Lord Perumal’s reclining postures are different in different places. The one in Kumbakonam Sarangapani temple is praised as Uddhana Sayana. Saint Thirmazhisai Azhwar in his Mangalasasanam hymn asked Lord “Are you resting as your legs pain due to long walk”. Perumal tried to get up to grace Azhwar. Azhwar asked Perumal to give the darshan in the half-waking up posture. He is not in a complete reclining posture here as such.

The hymns sung by the 12 Azhwars on Lord Vishnu-Perumal had been edited as Nalayira Divya Prabandam – 4000 verses. Lord Sarangapani was instrumental for this compilation.

One of the Vaishnava Acharya Sri Nadamuni who came here for worship heard some devotees sing the glory of Lord in ten verses saying that it may be included in the 1000s. Sri Nadamuni wondered and asked them to sing those thousand verses too. But they could not as they did not know them. Lord Perumal appearing in Nadamuni’s dream, advised him to go to Azhwar Tirunagari (praised as Nava Thirupathi in Tuticorin district) and seek the blessings of Saint Nammazhwar to get the hymns. Sri Nadamuni came to Azhwar and gave him 4000 verses far above – four fold-his expectation, his joy knew no bounds. He compiled them. Thus, the great Vaishnava Tamil scripture with all its poetic beauty speaking the spiritual experiences of Azhwars came into being to elevate the souls generation after generation.

Perumal in the temple is also praised as Aravamudha Azhwar as He was instrumental for the compilation of Nalayaira Divya Prapandam – 4000 verses about the glory of Perumal. Of the Perumals in Divya Desas praised by Azhwars, Srirangam has Mangalasasanams of 11 Azhwars, Tirupathi Venkatachalapathi 10 and Kumbakonam Lord Sarangapani from 7 Azhwars.

Perumal came to this place to wed Mother. He hid Himself under the earth for a while to play with mother. He appeared before Her then and took Her hands in marriage. The place where Lord played the hiding is now called as Padala Srinivasa shrine. The one after the marriage is known as Mettu (higher level) shrine where He graces with Mothers.

Majority of the Divyadesa temples have Sorgavasal open on the Vaikunta Ekadasi day occurring in December-January. But there is no one such in this temple as Perumal came to this Divyadesa directly from His Vaikunta Divyadesa.

The very worship of Perumal Lord Sarangapani would take devotees to salvation. It is also believed that passing through the Uthirayana and Dakshinayana entrances is no different from the Sorgavasal passing. According to the system followed here, people enter the temple through the Uthrayana entrance from Thai to Aani ( January-February to June-July) and through Dakshinayana entrance from Aadi to Margazhi month covering the English months July-August to December-January. As such only one gate is kept open to enter the temple.

In most Divyadesa temples, the presiding deity occupies the highest prominence. All pujas and Alankaras are offered to presiding deity alone. In the Kumbakonam temple such respects are offered to the procession deity as He acts on behalf of the presiding deity. Hence, this temple is revered as Upaya Pradhana Divyadesa with due respect to the procession deity too.

Perumal usually appears with His discus and conch. The presiding deity and the procession deity of the temple are holding a bow too known as Sarngam, hence, the name of the Lord, Sarangapani. The bow in the hands of the presiding deity is not visible. As Kumbakonam is the place of sacred theerthas, deities of rivers and Devas appear here worshipping Perumal.

Kumbakonam is the birth place of Mother Komalavalli. Afer the marriage Lord chose to stay here itself with His consort – that is in his mother-in-law’s house. In Tamil this called as Veettodu Mappillai. Hence, Mother is dominant in the temple. The first worship goes to Mother only. As a philosophy, as Mother is first for all respects, to establish this rule, the way to Perumal shrine is also structured accordingly. The Go-Puja-puja to cow- is performed in Komalavalli Thayar shrine. Pujas to Lord are offered only then.

The mercy of Lord Perumal Sarangapani towards His devotees is above the power of words. A devotee Lakshmi Narayanaswami served Lord throughout his life. He is the one who built the Rajagopuram of the temple. But he was childless. He reached the Lotus feet of Lord on a Deepavali day. Any one having no heir to perform the last rites would go to hell, according to sastras. But Lord cannot ignore His devotee. He performed the last rites for His devotee. Next day, when the temple was opened, people saw Him with a wet dhoti and His sacred thread – Poonool in Tamil and Yagnopavitha in Sanskrit – changed on the right shoulder, darba in hands in rite-performing manner. This event is followed in the temple on Deepavali days during the midday puja but devotees are not allowed to see this puja.

Sthala Puranam

Sage Brugu came to Vaikunda to test the patience and tolerance quality of Lord Vishnu by hitting on His chest. Lord did not prevent the sage nor grew angry against him. But simply smiled. Mother Lakshmi asked the Lord how He could allow other male to touch Her also while hitting Him as the chest of Lord is Her home. The sage fell at the feet of Mother Lakshmi and said that he was given the job of finding a God so soft in nature for conducting a Yagna to whom it was to be dedicated. I hit Lord for this test and meant no motives. He also begged Mother that she should be born his daughter. Mother Lakshmi happily blessed the sage. She promised the sage to leave Lord for him and advised him to take on penance to realize his wish. The sage performed penance in Kumbakonam and found Mother on the Hema Pushkarini Theertha on a Lotus. He took the child and named Her Komalavalli. He gave his daughter to Perumal in a grand wedding. Perumal came to wed Mother holding a bow-Sarnga, hence is praised as Lord Sarangapani. The place, thus is revered as the Avatara Sthala-birth place of Mother Komalavalli-Lakshmi.

Religious significance

Sarangapani temple is considered third in the line of Srirangam and Tirupathi temples.[SUP]

[/SUP]The temple is revered in Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Andal in one, Periyalvar in three, Bhoothathalvar in two, Thirumalisai Alvar in seven, Peialvar in two, Nammalvar in eleven and Thirumangai Alvar in 25 versesl. The temple is classified as a divyadesam, the 108 Vishnu temples that are revered in the Vaishnava canon. As per a Hindu legend, Nathamuni, who compiled Divya Prabandham by the twelve alvars, found only the first ten verses sung on Aravamudhan. Nammalvar recited the remaining 3990 verses unconsciously while he was in deep meditation and Nathamuni compiled all of them.[SUP]

Pancharanga Kshetrams (also called Pancharangams, meaning the "five Rangams or Ranganathas") is a group of five sacred Hindu temples, dedicated to Ranganatha, a form of the god Vishnu, on the banks of the Kaveri River. The five Pancharanga Kshetrams in the order of their successive locations, on the banks of the Kaveri River are: The Srirangapatnam called the Adi Ranga, the first temple on the banks of the Kaveri River from the upstream side; the Srirangam (island in Tiruchirappalli) in Tamil Nadu known as Adya Ranga (the last temple), Appalarangam or Koviladi at Tiurppernagar in Tamil Nadu, Parimala Ranganatha Perumal Temple or Mayuram at Indalur, Mayiladuthurai and Vatarangam at Sirkazhi. The Sarangapani temple at Kumbakonam is mentioned in place of Vatarangam in some references


The glory of Lord Sarangapani is sung by almost all Vaishanava Azhwars – Poigai Azhwar, Madhurakavi Azhwar, Kulasekhara Azhwar, Tirupanazhwar, Thondaradipodi Azhwar, Peyazhwar, Bhoodhathazhwar, Tirumazhisai Azhwar, Nammazhwar, Periazhwar and Sri Andal.


  • Sri Aandal - 1 Paasuram.
  • Periyalwar - 3 Paasurams.
  • Thirumizhisai Alwar - 7 Paasurams.
  • Boothatalwar - 2 Paasurams.
  • Peiyalwar - 2 Paasurams.
  • Nammalwar - 11 Paasurams.
  • Thirumangai - 25 Paasurams.
    Total - 51 Paasurams.

Location :
The temple is at the heart of Kumbakonam linked by rail and road from all corners of state.

Temple Timings

The temple is open from 7.00 a.m. to 12.00 and from 5.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.

Contact :
Soundara Raja Bhattar @ 94863 10896/ 0435 2427218

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Divya Desam 13-Uppiliappan Temple

Divya Desam 13-Uppiliappan Temple


The Temple

The temple is believed to be of significant antiquity and is believed to be initiated by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions at different times from Thanjavur Nayaks. The temple has two inscriptions dating from the Chola period. The temple has a five-tiered rajagopuram (gateway tower) and enshrined within a granite wall. The complex contains all the shrines and water bodies associated with it.

Uppiliappan Temple, also known as Thiruvinnagar of Venkatachalapathy Temple is a temple dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu, located near Thirunageswaram, a village in the outskirts of the Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Constructed in Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD.
Vishnu is worshiped as Uppiliappan and his consort Lakshmi as Bhumi Devi.

Uppiliappan is believed to have appeared for sage Markandeya and Hindu gods Bhoomadevi, Brahma and Shiva. The temple observes six daily rituals and three yearly festivals. The chariot festival, celebrated during the Tamil month of Chittirai (March–April), is the most prominent festival of the temple. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu.


The history of the temple is mentioned in the Brahmanda Purana, one of the eighteen famed Hindu scriptures.

As per Hindu legend, once Tulasi did penance to attain closeness to Vishnu. Vishnu gave a boon to the plant that his consort Lakshmi would appear under her lap in Tiruvinnagaram. Tulasi appeared in the place where the temple is located. This is mentioned in the 53rd verse of Nammazhwaar in Thiruviruththam. Markendea Maharishi's son, [Maworshiped Vishnu and desired for the boon that Lakshmi should appear as his daughter and Vishnu himself should become his son-in-law. Once Markandeya was on a holy trip and after reaching Thiruvinnagaram, he felt that it was the right place for getting his desire fulfilled.

Markandeya started a severe penance for thousand years seeking Lakshmi's blessings. Lakshmi appeared as a baby under the already incarnated tulasi plant. Markandeya felt the presence of Lakshmi as the incarnation in the form of the baby and realised that a part of his desire had been fulfilled. He took possession of the baby and raised her.

When the young girl reached adolescent age, on the panguni month of Shravana, Vishnu appeared as an old man and asked for the hand of Markandeya's daughter in marriage. Markandeya replied that, "You are very ripe and old, my daughter is too young and she does not even know how to cook with proper salt contents" to which the old man replied, "If your daughter must cook without salt, then I will still take it as my best food, but I will not leave from here without marrying her".

(As Perumal accepted food without salt (Uppu in Tamil), He is praised as Uppili Appan and also as Oppili Appan as none equals Him. Oppili-no equal. Thus Tulasidevi-Bhooma devi came to stay on the chest of Lord in the form of Tulsi garlands offered by devotees in all Perumal temples.)

Markandeya sought the help of Vishnu and then realised using his penance that the old man was none other than Vishnu himself. When he opened his eyes, Vishnu appeared in front of him with conch and chakram as in Vaikundam. Markandeya offered his daughter's hand in marriage. As per the legend, the temple Neyvethiyam (food offering in the temple) is always prepared without salt in the food.

The name Oppiliappan is as result of this legend. There is also a story behind the tank in this temple.

Once a King had consummated with a daughter of a saint and hence the saint cursed him to become a bird. The king lived as a bird and one night when there was a storm and the branch of the tree the bird was sleeping on broke and fell into the water of this tank. The bird which got dipped by this accident in the tank regained its original form as the King and since then this is known as the only theerththam that one can do theerth thaadanam even in the night. Since this tank has such a healing power in the day as well as night, it is called "Ahoraathra Pushkarani".[SUP]

[/SUP]The place is referred by various names like "Agasa Nagaram", "Vaikunda Nagaram", "Thiruvinnagar", "Oppiliappan Sannithi" and "Uppiliappan Sannithi". The presiding deity is referred by various names like Venkatachalapathy, Thiruvinnagarappan, Oppilaappan, Thanoppillaappan, Uppiliappan and Srinivasan

Glimpse of Moolavar Sanathi:

Oppiliappan stands upto 8 feet tall in the centre. Below him Bhoomidevi faces north in a kneeling posture while Makandeya Maharishi who has the boon of retaining his age as 16 forever is the position to perform Kannikadhanam (ie) ready to perform marriage to his daughter.

Left hand of Oppiliappa perumal contains the inscription "Maam Ekam Saranam Vrija" a made of diamonds which is a verse form Bhagavatgita instructing the whole mankind to devote their pure souls into his lotus feet to attain Salvation.

Ahorathra Pushkarani:

There is an interesting tale regarding the reason behind the name of this pushkarani.

Once there was a Brahmin named Devasharma belonging to the clan of Bharadwaja Maharishi. One day it happened so, that he took forcefully the daughter of Gymini Maharishi as his wife. The rishi heard his daughters cries and atonce he cursed Devasharma turn in Krunchu Paravai a type of bord. Then only shrama realised his mistake and he pleded the Maharishi to leave him. As his anger suoded, he told devasharma to wait near pushkarani of Oppiliappan perumal temple and one day he would be freed from the curse.

It happened so one day during night time. A huge strom borke out and the branch in which devasharma was sitting as a bird broke and tell pushkarani. As soon as the divine water splashed in the birds body, devasharma was freed fromhis curse. Generally one has to take bath in the pushkarani only in the day time. Generally one has to take bath in the pushkarani only in the day time. But as unusually this pushkarani paved the way to freedom devashrama's curse during the night time, this pushkarani is named as "Ahorathra Pushkarani" which means litrelly "Unusual in night".

Festivals and Utsavam:

The temple follows Vaigasana Agama and follows Vadagalai practises. During the Viswaroopa Seva, the first worship, Suprapada Prabarthi Mangalam, a verse exclusively dedicated to Uppiliappan is relayed. Tiruvempavai is relayed after it, followed by naivethana in all shrines. Uchikalam is the last worship during the day time and happens at noon. During the evening, mutharkalam is the first worship sequence, recitals in Veda and Nithsuasandamam. Arthajamam is the last puja of the day

The chariot festival is the most prominent festival of the temple, celebrated for nine days during the Tamil month of Panguni (March–April) and devotees from various places pull the chariot round the streets of temple.

Verses from the Nalayira Divya Prabandham are recited by a group of temple priests amidst music with nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument). The processional idols of Uppiliappan and Bhumidevi are brought to the temple car early in the morning amidst Vedic chantings. Subsequently, the festive idols are taken to the ther thatti mandapam (chariot launching hall).

The ratharohanam, the rituals associated with taking the idols to the temple car is performed in an auspicious time before starting the procession. The temple celebrates six other festivals: Vasanta Utsavam (spring festival) for 6 days in the temple garden during Vaikasi (May–June), Pavitrotsavam (purifying festival) for 5 days during Avani (Aug – Sep), Brahmotsavam for nine days of Purattasi (Sept – Oct), Kalyana Utsavam (holy marriage of god and goddess) for 12 days commencing from Sravanam during Aippasi (Oct–Nov), Adhyayana Utsavam (ten day and ten night festival) during Margazhi (Dec–Jan) and float festival for 5 days during Thai(Jan – Feb). Ramanavami, the festival associated with Rama, an avatar of Vishnu. The event is celebrated for ten days with music and dance performance and on the concluding day, kanakabhishekam (ablution with gold for the festival image) and Rama Pattabhishekam.

Sravan Deepam is a festival celebrated every month in the temple on the day of Tamil star of Thiruvonam and devotees observe fast called Sravana Vratham that day by consuming only unsalted food.Tonsure ceremony for getting children shaved for the first time to promote proper growth and ear piercing is a very common practise followed in the temple

On Sravanam day there will be "sravana deepam", taken by a divine person on
whom it is beleived the lord will prevade at this time of deepam. He will carry
the deepam around the temple as lead by two other deepams one is vaal deepam of
aanchnEyaa and the other is satti deepam of Lord Narasimhaa.

Numerous devotees from all walks of life wait for this event on Sravanam day as they ask the LORD(ie the main deepam bearer) nivarththi and boons for their problems and

No science can reason this experience as this has to be sought and

felt by one. One has to see this deepam sEvai to appreciate the majesty of this
Lord's prevasion. We had had unique blessing during these. There are few other
temples in this area such as thErezhundoor temple where also the sravana deepam
is observed. Since there is an unique relevance to this Lord and Lord
Guruvaayoorappan exists, this Lors is also dressed on some days as
Guruvaayuurappan and bakthaas offer "thulaabaaram" to thios Lord also as
similar to offering to Sri Guruvaayoorappan.

Sri Poundrika Puram ashram aandavans have done enormous thoNdu or service for this Lord. 43 rd Jeer known

as thEvanaar vilaakam jeer is attached to this temple and is known as

Oppiliappan kOil saarnthi Jeer. The temple has chithra thirup paavai printed on
the wall.

( These Additional Info is thanks to Sri vaagmi sir please refer post no2)

Sthala virutcham (Scared Tree): Flower - Herbs, Thulsi etc.


Whenever Oppiliappa Perumal's idol is taken for procession, He is always accompanied along with Bhoomidevi only. The Perumal wont step out the Temple without Thaayar inorder to keep his promise.

Oplliappan perumal is treated as Brother of Srinivasaperumal of Thirumala Thirupathi. So all the offerings due to Thirupathi perumal can be offered here and it's taken as equivalent as it were offered at Thirupathi.


The Moolavar of this Kshetram is Oppiliappan. He is also called with the name "Uppiliappan". The Moolavar is found in Standing posture facing East direction. Prathyaksham for Markandeya Maharishi, Lord Garuda, River Kaveri, lord of Dharma.


The Thayaar found in this sthalam is Bhoomidevi Naachiyaar.



Thirumangai Alvar , Peyalvar , Nammalvar have composed beautiful Paasurams on Lord Uppiliappan and his consort Bhumi Devi. It is one of the compositions in Naalayira Divya Prabandha.

  • Peyalwar - 2 Paasurams.
  • Nammalwar - 11 Paasurams.
  • Thirumangai - 34 Paasurams.
    Total - 47 Paasurams.

Please also read more from http://www.ramanuja.org/sv/bhakti/archives/feb97/0036.html


  • Ahorathra pushkarani.
  • Aarthi pushkarani.


Vishnu Vimaanam - Sudhanandha Vimaanam.

Temple Timings

The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. and from 4.00 a.m. to 9.00 p.m.

+91- 435 - 246 3385, 246 3685,

How to reach

The temple is located at Thirunageshwaram post, close to Kumbakonam in tanjore district of Tamilnadu. Buses, autos and private vehicles are available to reach Oppiliappan temple from kumbakonam. Staying facilities are available at oppiliappan temple as well as kumbakonam.
Nearest railway station: Kumbakonam

Sri Sri Boomi Devi naachchiyaar samEtha Sri Oppiliappan thiruvadikaLE charaNam.

Uppiliappan Temple - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Sri Oppiliappan Temple, Thirunageswaram Kumbakonam Temples, Thiruvinnagar, Uppliappan Temple 108 Divya desams
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Oppiliyappan temple
Temples of India: Oppiliappan Temple, Tiruvinnagaram
Last edited:


Well-known member
Dear PJji,

There is another special feature relating to this temple and I thought you would write about it.

On the sravanam (thiru onam) day of every month an archakar of the temple, after the morning aradhana comes out from the garbhagriha with a pot in which he brings the akil and Sambrani dhoop with the embers shown to the Moola vigraha as part of the upacharam. He carries it and accompanied by mangal vadhyam circumambulates through the prakaram three times. And people who have unfulfilled wishes wishper to him their wishes and it is believed the wishes get fulfilled. Could you do a little more of research and write about it here?
Thank you for visiting TamilBrahmins.com

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