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    Sahasra nAma AvaLi


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    Sahasra nAma AvaLi means "A series of Shasra nAmas of our Hindu Deities.

    Some of them are given with the meaning of each of the 1000 names. Some others are given as nAmAvaLi for doing sahasra nAma archanai.

    The aim of this thread is to give the correct pronunciation of the names - with meaning wherever possible.
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    1. VishNu Sahasra nAma

    Introduction

    The VishNu SahasranAma is a list of 1, 000 names of Lord VishNu – one of the three main Gods in Hinduism viz Brahma, VishNu and Siva.

    The main God worshiped by the VaishNavas is VishNu. These 1000 names are found in the MahA BhAratam as a dialogue between Bheeshma and Yudhistra.

    The legend associated with this sahasra nAma :

    At the end of the Mahabharata war, BhishmAchArya was awaiting on his bed of arrows for the auspicious and sacred hour to depart from his physical body unto the lotus feet of the Lord NArAyaNa.

    Yudhishtira (the eldest of the Pancha PANdavas) was desperately looking for the answers to serious matters related to The Dharma and The Karma.

    Lord Sri Krishna understood Yudhistira’s uneasy mind riddled with unanswered questions and guided him to Bhishma to learn and get an insight in to this precious knowledge.

    Bhishma was acknowledged to be one of the twelve most knowledgeable people of all the time. The other eleven were Brahma, NArada, Siva, SubramaNya, Kapila, Manu , Prahlada, Janaka, Bali, Suka and Yama.

    The VishNu SahasranAmA has been the subject of numerous different commentaries. The commentary written by Adhi Sankara in the 8th century is particularly influential for many schools of Hinduism even today.

    This is an attempt to give the 1000 names correctly both in Sanskrit and English, with the meaning of each of these 1000 names in English.

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    #01. nAma 1 to 20

    1 विश्वम् (vis’wam) =
    He who is the manifestation of the whole universe

    2. विष्णुः (vishNuh) =
    He who pervades everywhere

    3 वषट्कारः (vashatkArah) =
    He who is invoked for oblations

    4 भूतभव्यभवत्प्रभुः (bhoota-bhavya-bhavat-prabhuh) =
    He who is the Lord of the past, the present and the future

    5 भूतकृत् (bhoota-krit) =
    He who is the creator of all the creatures

    6 भूतभृत् (bhoota-bhrit) =
    He who nurtures and nourishes all the creatures

    7 भावः (bhAvah) =
    He who becomes all the moving and the non-moving things

    8 भूतात्मा (bhootAtmA) =
    He who is the Atman of all the beings

    9 भूतभावनः (bhoota-bhAvanah) =
    He who is the cause of the birth and growth of all the creatures

    10 पूतात्मा (pootAtmA) =
    He who is extremely pure in essence unaffected by mAyA

    11 परमात्मा (paramAtmA) =
    He who is the Superior Soul

    12 मुक्तानां परमा गतिः (muktAnAm paramA gatih) =
    He who is the final goal to be reached by all the liberated souls

    13 अव्ययः (avyayah) =
    He who is without any decay or destruction

    14 पुरुषः (purushah) =
    He who rules our body as a King does his country

    15 साक्षी (sAkshee) =
    He who is the eternal witness of everything happening

    16 क्षेत्रज्ञः (kshetrajnah) =
    He who knows the body and its experiences.

    17 अक्षरः (aksharah) =
    He who is Indestructible

    18 योगः (yOgah) =
    He who can be realized through yOga sAdhana

    19 योगविदां नेता (yoga-vidAm netA) =
    He who guides all those who know yoga

    20 प्रधानपुरुषेश्वरः (pradhAna-purushEs’varah) =
    He who is the Lord of both PradhAna (MAyA) and Purusha (Jeeva)


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    #02. nAma 21 to 40

    21. नारसिंहवपुः (naarasimha-vapuh) =
    He who assumed the form of a man-lion


    22. श्रीमान् (s’reemAn) =
    He who is always with S’ree (Lakshmi Devi – the Goddess of wealth)


    23. केशवः (kes’avah) =
    He who has beautiful locks of hair; He who is the slayer of the demon KEsi


    24. पुरुषोत्तमः (purushottamah) =
    The Supreme Controller or Purusha


    25. सर्वः (sarvah) =
    He who is everything


    26. शर्वः (s’arvah) =
    He who is the auspicious One


    27. शिवः (s’ivah)
    He who is eternally blemish-less and pure


    28. स्थाणुः (sthANuh)
    He who is the pillar of the eternal and established truth


    29. भूतादिः (bhootAdih) =
    He who is the cause of the five great elements


    30. निधिरव्ययः (nidhir-avyayah) =
    He who is the real imperishable treasure


    31. सम्भवः (sambhavah) =
    He who assumes various avatArs on His own free will


    32. भावनः (bhAvanah) =
    He who gives to his devotees everything desired by them


    33. भर्ता (bhartA) =
    He who governs and rules over the entire living world


    34. प्रभवः ( prabhavah) =
    He who is the womb of the five great elements


    35. प्रभुः (prabhuh) =
    Hw who is The All powerful Lord


    36. ईश्वरः (eeshvarah) =
    He who can do anything on His own without needing any other help


    37. स्वयम्भूः (svayambhooh) =
    He who manifests Himself from Himself


    38. शम्भुः (s’ambhuh) =
    He who brings auspiciousness


    39. आदित्यः (aadityah) =
    He who shines like the Sun God


    40. पुष्कराक्षः (pushkarAkshah)
    He who has eyes shaped like the lovely lotus petals

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    #03. nAma 41 to 60

    41. महास्वनः (mahAsvanah) =
    He who has a thundering voice

    42. अनादि-निधनः (anAdi-nidhanah) =
    He who has neither a beginning nor an end

    43. धाता (dhAtA) =
    He who supports the world of numerous forms and names as well as all the fields of experience

    44. विधाता (vidhAtA) =
    He who is the giver of the fruits of all our actions

    45. धातुरुत्तमः (dhAturuttamah) =
    The subtlest unit (atom) forming the bigger things

    46. अप्रमेयः (apramEyah) =
    He who cannot be defined or explained or perceived

    47. हृषीकेशः (hrisheekEs’ah) =
    He who is the Lord of all the sense organs

    48. पद्मनाभः (padmanAbhah) =
    He from whose navel a lotus flower emerges

    49. अमरप्रभुः (amaraprabhuh) =
    He who is the Lord of the immortal Devas

    50. विश्वकर्मा (vis’vakarmA) =
    He who is the creator of the of the objects and the equipments of experiences in the Universe

    51. मनुः (manuh) =
    He who has manifested Himself as the Vedic mantras

    52. त्वष्टा (tvashtA) =
    He who reduces the huge things into small particles

    53. स्थविष्ठः( sthavishtah) =
    He who is the supremely gross and the subtlest reality

    54. स्थविरो ध्रुवः (sthaviro dhruvah) =
    He who is the most ancient and the motionless one

    55. अग्राह्यः (agrAhyah) =
    He who can not be perceived through the sensual organs

    56. शाश्वतः (s’As’vatah) =
    He who always remains the same at all times

    57. कृष्णः (krishNah) =
    He whose complexion is very dark in color

    58. लोहिताक्षः (lohitAkshah) =
    He who has eyes of the color of red lotus

    59. प्रतर्दनः (pratardanah) =
    he who can cause the complete destruction

    60. प्रभूतस् (prabhootas) =
    He who is always complete and full by Himself

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    Just like Lord GaNEs'a has two different versions of Sahasra nAmas
    (GakAra Sahasra nAmas and the also another regular version)
    Lord Siva also has two different versions of Sahasra nAma.
    One of the two is based on the names taken out of Rudram.
    How very exciting!
    More so since I can compile 15 different Sahasra nAmas here!
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    #04. nAma 61 to 80

    61. त्रिकाकुब्धाम (trikakub-dhAma) =
    He who supports the three quarters (three levels of conscience)

    62. पवित्रम् (pavitram) =
    He who gives purity to the heart

    63. मंगलं-परम् (mangalam param ) =
    He who removes evil and bestows the Supreme auspiciousness

    64. ईशानः (ees’Anah) =
    The controller of the five great elements

    65. प्राणदः (prANadah0 =
    He who gives life to al the living beings

    66. प्राणः (prAnah) =
    He who lives in every living thing

    67. ज्येष्ठः (jyeshthah) =
    He who is older than everything else

    68. श्रेष्ठः (shreshthah) =
    He who is the most glorious of all

    69. प्रजापतिः (prajApatih) =
    He who is the Lord of all the living creatures

    70. हिरण्यगर्भः (hiraNyagarbhah) =
    He who dwells in the womb of the world

    71 भूगर्भः (bhoogarbhah) =
    He who is the womb of the Earth

    72. माधवः (mAdhavah) =
    He who is the Husband of Lakshmi Devi

    73. मधुसूदनः (madhusoodanah) =
    He who destroyed the demon named Madhu

    74. ईश्वरः (eeshvarah) =
    He who is the all powerful controller

    75. विक्रमः (vikramee) =
    He who is full of prowess and powers

    76. धन्वी (dhanvee) =
    He who always has the divine bow SArnga

    77. मेधावी (mEdhAvee) =
    He who is supremely intelligent

    78. विक्रमः (vikramah) =
    He who is very Valorous

    79. क्रमः (kramah) =
    He who is All-pervading

    80. अनुत्तमः (anuttamah) =
    He who is Incomparably great

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    #05. nAma 81 to 100

    81. दुराधर्षः (durAdharshah) =
    He who cannot be attacked with any success

    82. कृतज्ञः (kritajnah) =
    He who knows everything that has been done by everyone, everywhere and at all times

    83. कृतिः (kritih) =
    He who suitably rewards all our actions

    84. आत्मवान् (AtmavAn) =
    He who is the real Self in all the living things

    85. सुरेशः (sures’ah) =
    He who is the Lord of the Suras (demigods)

    86. शरणम् (s’araNam) =
    He who is the refuge to all the jeevAs

    87. शर्म (s’arma) =
    He who Himself is the infinite bliss

    88. विश्वरेताः (vis’va-rEtAh) =
    He who forms the seed of the universe

    89. प्रजाभवः (prajA-bhavah) =
    He from whom all the prajAas (all the living beings) spring forth

    90. अहः (ahah) =
    He who is of the nature of Time or One as brilliant as the day time

    91. संवत्सरः (samvatsarah) =
    He from whom the concept of time is born

    92. व्यालः (vyAlah) =
    He who is both elusive and dangerous like a serpent (vyaalah) to atheists

    93. प्रत्ययः (pratyayah) –
    He whose very nature is pure and complete knowledge

    94. सर्वदर्शनः (sarvadars’anah) +
    He who is All-seeing

    95. अजः (ajah) =
    He who is unborn since He has no modifications or changes

    96. सर्वेश्वरः (sarvEsvarah) =
    He who is God of all gods and the supreme Controller of all

    97. सिद्धः (siddhah) =
    He who has achieved and become the most famous

    98. सिद्धिः (siddhih) =
    He who gives moksha or kaivalyam to His devotees

    99. सर्वादिः (sarvAdih) =
    He who is the very beginning of everything

    100. अच्युतः (achyutah) =
    He who never falls and is Infallible

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    #06. nAma 101 to 120

    101. वृषाकपिः (vrishAkapih)
    He who lifts the world getting drowned in Adharma to Dharma


    102. अमेयात्मा (amEyAtmA)
    He who manifests Himself in infinite varieties


    103. सर्वयोगविनिसृतः (sarva-yoga-vinissritah)
    He who is free from all sorts of attachments and contacts


    104 वसुः (vasuh)
    He who is the supporter of all the elements


    105. वसुमनाः (vasumanAh)
    He whose mind is supremely pure


    106. सत्यः (satyah)
    He who is the only truth and remains the same during creation, existence and dissolution


    107. समात्मा (samAtmA)
    He who is the same Supreme Self present in everyone


    108. सम्मितः (sammitah)
    He who is acceptable to all the authorities


    109. समः (samah)
    He who is the one reality playing plurality and remains equal in everyone


    110. अमोघः (amoghah)
    He who is never useless and is always very useful


    111. पुण्डरीकाक्षः (pundareekAkshah)
    He who dwells in the cave of the heart of every living being


    112. वृषकर्मा (vrishakarmA)
    He whose every action is just and righteous


    113. वृषाकृतिः (vrishAkritih)
    He who is of the form of dharma


    114. रुद्रः (rudrah)
    He who is mightiest of the mighty and He who is fierce.


    115. बहुशिरः (bahu-shirah)
    He who has many heads


    116. बभ्रुः (babhrur)
    He who rules over all the worlds like a King


    117. विश्वयोनिः (vishvayOnih)
    He who is the womb of the universe from whom all the thoughts and actions emerge


    118. शुचिश्रवाः( shuchi-shravAh)
    He who listens only the good and pure thoughts and words


    119. अमृतः amritah
    He who is immortal and immutable


    120. शाश्वतः-स्थाणुः (shAshvatah-sthANur)
    He who is both Permanent and Immovable



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    #07. nAma 121 to 140

    121. वरारोहः (varArOhah)
    He who forms the most glorious destination


    122. महातपः (mahAtapah)
    He who is of great tapas


    123. सर्वगः (sarvagah)
    He who is All-pervading


    124. सर्वविद्भानुः (sarvavid-bhAnuh)
    He who is the All-knowing and effulgent consciousness


    125 . विष्वक्सेनः (vishvaksenah )
    He against whom no army can stand and fight


    126. जनार्दनः (janArdanah)
    He who gives joy to good people and sorrows to the wicked people.


    127. वेदः (vedah)
    He who is the Reality and can give us the knowledge of Reality


    128. वेदविद् (vedavid)
    He who is the knower of the Vedas


    129. अव्यंगः (avyangah)
    He who is without any imperfections


    130. वेदांगः (vedAngah)
    He whose very limbs are the Vedas


    131. वेदविद् (vedavi)
    He who contemplates upon the Vedas


    132. कविः (kavih)
    He who is the The seer


    133. लोकाध्यक्षः (lOkAdhyakshah)
    He who presides over all the fields of experiences


    134. सुराध्यक्षः (surAdhyaksho)
    He who presides over all Devas


    135. धर्माध्यक्षः (dharmAdhyakshah)
    He who presides over dharma


    136. कृताकृतः (krita-akritah)
    Everything that has been created and not created


    137. चतुरात्मा (chatuAatmA)
    He who exists as the Self with four-fold


    138. चतुर्व्यूहः (chaturvyoohah)
    He who manifests as four mighty powers viz VAsudEva, SankarshaNa,
    Pradyumna and Aniruddha.


    139. चतुर्दंष्ट्रः chaturdamstrah
    He who has four powerful canines (as Narasimha)


    140. चतुर्भुजः (chaturbhujah)
    He who has Four arms



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