Gayatri Mantra - Meaning and Translation - Page 3
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  1. #21
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    This mantra will create vibrations in our body. I experienced this. Till to day I chanted a million and now chanting Brhma Gayathri. The vibration we get is too much that female can not with stand. Only experience will teach.
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    Quote Originally Posted by JANAKI IYER VD View Post
    Could you tell us Gayathri mantra has be recited only by male or both Male and /female?
    Smt. Janaki,

    The orthodox view is that only those who have received "gaayatree mantra upadesam" thru' the upanayanam ceremony are entitled to recite that mantra. Orthodoxy is also clear in its view that women cannot chant any mantra which has even a distant connection with the vedic lore (i.e., the veda samhitas, the Brahmana texts, the Aranyakas, the upanishads, their commentaries and so on). But of late all these rules are being broken, sometimes by the heads of Sankara mutts themselves. So, I would say that if you "really" feel there is some benefit in reciting the gaayatree, go ahead and do it; but if it is just to add one more feather to your hat of mantras chanted daily, well, it will be just that - yet another feather.
    एकं सद्विप्रा नैव जानन्ति ।
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  4. #23
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    Dear Smt. Janaki Ji,

    During the Shukla Yajurveda Period, i.e. about 15000 years ago. during or before Lord Rama's Period, both males and females were having Yagnyobavitham i.e Cross Thread and both males and females learnt Vedas.
    The Classic examples are Gaargi Vaachaknavi and Maithreyi. They had full knowledge of Veda scriptures and Upanishadhas and argued with Sages of the yore.
    The best example is Brihadhaaranyaka Upanishadh in which Sage Gaargi Vaachaknavi argues with Sage Yaagnyavaglya about the Brahman (verse 8.1).

    Hence it is to be assumed that both males and females had Yagbyobhaveetha DhaaraNam in yonder days.

    Somehow the practice of females wearing Yagbyobhaveetham got erased in the later years. Perhaps the Male Dominance. This is the negative part of Sanaathana Sharma.

    Thus it is found that people belonging to both the genders were well versed with Veda Shasthraas ans discussed in that regard.

    Hence it seems there is NO HARM WHATSOEVER in females reciting GAYATHRI Manthra which is propitiating a female Goddess GAYATHRI. "GAAYANTHRAM DHRAAYATHI ITHI GAAYATHRI - The goddess who gives all to the Propitiator"

    Pranaam.
    Last edited by suba42; 29-03-2011 at 05:30 AM.
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  6. #24
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    Dear All,

    All the 4 varnaas ie. Braahman, Kshathriya, Vaishya and Shoodhra were to wear Yagnyoabaveetha DhaaraNam i.e Cross Threads. This got erased over a period of time and now only Brahmins wear the Yagnyobhaveetha.

    There is also a conclusion that both Males and Females had to wear Yagnyobhaveetham and somehow this got erased over the period.

    Morevoer. a Brahmin has to wear the Yagnyobhaveetham in the Niveethi Style i.e. as a garland over the neck and not on any part of the shoulder - right or left. The same has to be worn on the Left shoulder "Samveetham" - during Deva Tharpanam, and on Right Shoulder "Praacheenaavetham" - during Pithru Tharpanam.

    Even today many Brahmins in North - Uttarpradesh wear their Upanayanam in Niveetham (Garland) Style.
    Last edited by suba42; 29-03-2011 at 04:50 AM.
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    Quote Originally Posted by Ramacchandran View Post
    This mantra will create vibrations in our body. I experienced this. Till to day I chanted a million and now chanting Brhma Gayathri. The vibration we get is too much that female can not with stand. Only experience will teach.
    Mr Ramacchandran,

    You are absolutly right. I have been regularly chanting Gayathri Mantra since my Upanayanan and have felt the evenrgy evrytime I chant this Mantra.

    Can you throw some light on "Brhma Gayathri". I would also like to learn it.

    Thanks

    Karthik
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    Oflate I found change in my sacred thread. When I get vatha, pitha and Kabha it shows the reaction in our mind and warns. Have a thought how a thread filters oils send the filtered oil in the form of gas that glows, the same way, the sun sends the rays in to our body and the sacred thread filters the Sun's rays and send to our left where the heart is, The left shoulder is more powerful than that of right and when a man matures the first hair growth on the shoulder appears on the left.
    Some one said Yagnobhaveedam was worn by ladies too. I doubt on this as ladies are more emotional and cry often or weep often. The man with sound mind can alone get full benefit on every mantra he chants and the person with wavering mind. Once you go in to the mantra you will be a spectator alone who will watch your surroundings and will not mix with the society. You feel the person around you like children and just enjoy their activities. At this time you will find solutions to the problems you are facing and as well as the problems faced by the others. This stage is called Yogi, from where you get Gnani and then Siddhar.
    A Gnani and Siddhar will not reveal that he is a gnani and siddhar whereas a yogi will tell every one that he is a gnani. But after some time he will keep quite and just digest the mistakes that others commit as he know a sand bag can not control a Tsunami.
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    Just now joined the community.

    congrats to the one who started the same

    at a time when Brahminism is down... it is necessary to support and start one like this

    i am proud to be a member.

    i will contribute whatever I can to the community

    suresh
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    MANTRAMS - NOT MANTRAS- are very powerful, highly potent and effective and these are gifts from Rishis. Must be learnt from Guru so that chanting is done appropriately in the right metre/chandas etc. as "prescribed" (place/time of the day/within oneself, or lip movement only seen outside, or in low volume or a little audible to those present around but never ever thru loudspeaker). Our holy mantrams can never be truly translated always, meaning is indeed goodam & guptam and not discernible sometimes even to the scholastic. We should concentrate on the swaram, varnam, ucharanam with clarity and modulity (?) and never ever do it unless we are pious in mind and clean in body. This is why munis are mounam. V r told just by sitting in the presence of holy individuals or visiting holy places, v all get enlightened. Remember the story of Dakshina Moorthy and how through silence HE imparts cream of knowledge! Dont go for verbatim translations.
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  16. #29
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    Here is a comprehensive--but not exhaustive--compilation of the text, meaning and mahiman--greatness/power of the gAyatrI mantra.

    It should be remembered that from the time the gAyatrI was first listed in Rg veda 3.62.10, the mantra has evolved in a rich tradition of satsangha from our gurus, for specific requirements of japa homa dhyAna, and that no interpretation can fully express its potency, which is realized in varying degrees of spiritual advancement and benefits, by people who chant the mantra with shraddha--sincerity and faith.

    Three popular invocations

    The gAyatrI mantra has three popular invocations: gAyatrI proper, gAyatrI popular and gAyatrI in prANAyAma.

    The gAyatrI proper has the text:

    तत् सवितुर् वरेण्यं भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि ।
    धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात् ॥

    tat savitur vareNyaM bhargo devasya dhImahi |
    dhiyo yo naH prachodayAt ||

    Chanted with the three mahA vyAhRutis--manifest worlds, the gAyatrI becomes (which is the popular version):

    ॐ भूर् भुव सुवः ।
    तत् सवितुर् वरेण्यम् ।
    भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि ।
    धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात् ॥ ॐ ॥

    oum bhUr bhuva suvaH |
    tat savitur vareNyam |
    bhargo devasya dhImahi |
    dhiyo yo naH prachodayAt || oum ||
    --Baraha transliteration

    Chanted with the sapta vyAhRutis--seven manifest worlds, the gAyatrI becomes (which is used in prANAyAma):

    ॐ भूः । ॐ भुवः । ओँ सुवः । ॐ महः ।
    ॐ जनः । ॐ तपः । ओँ सत्यम् ।
    ॐ तत् सवितुर् वरेण्यम्
    भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि ।
    धियो यो न प्रचोदयात् ॥
    ओमापो-ज्योती-रसोऽमृतं-ब्रह्म भूर्भुवस्सुवरॊम् ॥

    oum bhUH | oum bhuvaH | o~M suvaH | oum mahaH |
    oum janaH | oum tapaH | o~M satyam |
    oum tat savitur vareNyam
    bhargo devasya dhImahi |
    dhiyo yo na prachodayAt ||
    omApo-jyotI-raso&mRutaM-brahma bhUrbhuvassuvarOm ||
    --Baraha transliteration

    Three popular interpretations

    The three invocations of the gAyatrI are usually interpreted as follows:

    gAyatrI proper

    tat savitur vareNyam:
    That (tat or Brahmam) which creates and vivifies everything (savitur) is the best for worship (vareNyam).

    bhargo devasya dhImahi:
    light (bhargo) of the divine (devasya), let us meditate on (dhImahi).

    dhiyo yo naH prachodayAt:
    that which (yo) kindles and inspires (prachodayAt) our (na) intellect (dhiyo)

    gAyatrI popular

    That which remains as AUM, the praNava mantra, and as the three worlds (bhuH, bhuvaH and suvaH), kindles our intellect (buddhi). It is the divine light (as of the sun) of tat (Brahmam) which creates and vivifies everything, and is the best for us to worship (vareNyam). Let us meditate (dhImahi) on this divine light.

    gAyatrI in prANAyAma

    The seven worlds are only Brahman, denoted by AUM. We meditate on the excellent light of Ishvara who kindles from inside our intellectual actions, in order that the right wisdom arises in us. That same Brahman denoted by AUM is what appears as water, light, taste and nectar. The three words, namely this earth, astral world and the heavens are indeed Brahman, denoted by AUM.

    Agastya maharShi has given the common meaning of gAyatrI thus:

    यो देवः सवितास्माकं धियो धर्मादिजोचराः ।
    प्रेरयेत् तस्य यद्भर्गः तत्वरेण्यम् उपास्महे ॥

    yo devaH savitAsmAkaM dhiyo dharmAdijocharAH |
    prerayet tasya yadbhargaH tatvareNyam upAsmahe ||

    We meditate on the excellent light of the deva called SavitA who directs our intellect towards the ways of dharma.

    Chanting gAyatrI

    1. The gAyatrI should be chanted as five parts, with four passes, thus:
    AUM | bhUr bhuva suvaH | tat savitur vareNyam | bhargo devasya dhImahi | dhiyo yo naH prachodayAt AUM ||

    2. Specific care should be taken to follow the svara marks in the Sanskrit version of the mantra. Here is an image of the mantra with the svara notations:
    gayatrIwithsvara.gif
    Here is an audio version of the mantra chanted with svaras:
    gAyatrIwith svara.mp3

    3. When doing gAyatrI japam, the meaning of the mantra should be contemplated. The japam must be preceded by a saMkalpam and a count is always maintained, either using a japamAla or the knuckles of the right hand. The person in gAyatrI japam should sit erect and still and should not let the mind wander outside the scope of the mantra.

    4. The gAyatrI proper should never be chanted in isolation in gAyatrI japam. It is ordained that the gAyatrI should be chanted with the praNavam and the vyAhRutis, and that the chanting should be done in nitya-karma--daily religious routine and in prAyashchittam--atonement.

    (to continue...)
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  18. #30
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    gAyatrI in our shAstras

    With VishvAmitra maharShi as the mantra dRShTa--seer of the mantra, gAyatrI first occurs as below in Rg veda 3.62.10:

    तत् सवितुर् वरेण्यं भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि ।
    धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात् ॥

    tat savitur vareNyaM (1) bhargo devasya dhImahi | (2)
    dhiyo yo naH prachodayAt || (3)

    Prof.R.L.Kashyap in his translation of the Rg veda (SAKSI publication), offers the following translation and explanations about the gAyatrI here and in other Vedic texts.

    3.62.10: We meditate on the divine splendour (bhargaH)(2), of SavitRu, who is supremely desirable (vareNya) and is That One (tat)(1). May he activate our thoughts towards wisdom (3).

    • Mantras RV 3.62.10 to 3.62.12 are addressed to the deva SavitRu, the spiritual Sun: SavitRu is not the physical Sun seen in the sky, but the supreme Effulgence in the highest firmament above, beyond the lower triple creation.

    • The physical Sun is taken as the image of the Truth-Sun, the Centre of all Knowledge and radiating Power. It is the radiance issuing from the Supreme Source in which is massed all the creative movement of the Uncreate that is the ultimate root of all movements in the creation. Let that light motivate and energize our thought-movements, says the RShi.

    *****

    Variants of the gAyatrI mantra
    a. The Savitar mantra in the Yajur veda: VS(36.3), KYTS(4.1.11.1)

    While the last three lines of the mantra here are the same as those in the vishvAmitra gAyatrI of the Rg veda, the first line is:

    भूर्भुवः स्वः

    bhUrbhuvaH svaH

    • With 27 syllables in the entire mantra here, the metre becomes uShNik, not gAyatrI.

    • The meaning of the first (additional) line is:
    "May we become aware of the three planes in us."

    • The three worlds bhUH, bhuvaH and svaH in this line are the three worlds/planes of consciousness in each one of us: bhUH the plane of physical matter, bhuvaH the plane of life-energies or prANa and svar or svaH the plane of mental energies and the higher spiritual intelligence.

    • One should become aware or conscious of these three plances in ourselves at first. Then the other three lines, beginning with tat savitur vareNyaM are chanted.

    *****

    b. Variants of the main mantra

    • Some persons of KRShNa Yajur veda school, replace the word svaH by suvaH, so the first line becomes:

    ॐ भूर्भुवः सुवः

    oum bhUrbhuvaH suvaH

    • In some booklets, the word vareNyam is replaced by vareNiyam, to make, with that modification, the gAyatrI proper beginning with tat savitur to have exactly 24 syllables.

    • But the Rg veda samhitA states that the metre is nichRut gAyatrI, that is, the gAyatrI metre with less than 24 syllables.

    • But all the elaborate error-correcting methods of chanting the Rg veda (3.62.10), called aShTa-vikRtis declare that the correct word is vareNyam.

    *****

    c. Extended mantra used in prANAyAmam

    ॐ भूः । ॐ भुवः । ओँ सुवः । ॐ महः ।
    ॐ जनः । ॐ तपः । ओँ सत्यम् ।
    ॐ तत् सवितुर् वरेण्यम्
    भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि ।
    धियो यो न प्रचोदयात् ॥
    ओमापो-ज्योती-रसोऽमृतं-ब्रह्म भूर्भुवस्सुवरॊम् ॥

    oum bhUH | oum bhuvaH | o~M suvaH | oum mahaH | (1)
    oum janaH | oum tapaH | o~M satyam | (2)
    oum tat savitur vareNyam
    bhargo devasya dhImahi | (3)
    dhiyo yo na prachodayAt || (4)
    omApo-jyotI-raso&mRutaM-brahma bhUrbhuvassuvarOm || (5)
    --Baraha transliteration

    Om Earth, Om mid world, Om Heaven, Om the realm of supermind (1), Om Ananda world, Om the world of askesis, Om Truth (2). Om we meditate on the Adorable Light of that Divine Generator (3), who energizes our thoughts (4). Om, He is water, light, flavour, ambrosia and also the three worlds. He who is denoted by praNava is all these (5).

    [This mantra is a prayer for activation of intelligence. How should the devotee use this power is the subject matter of the next two mantrAs.]

    *****
    (to continue...)
    Last edited by saidevo; 13-08-2011 at 11:24 AM.
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