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    srividhyapeetam is offline Newbie
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    Thiru Jnana Sambandar

    Tiru Jnana Sambandar


    In the seventh century some Jain and Buddhist missionaries had settled in the
    Tamil country to spread their religions. In sacred Sirkali lived a pious
    Brahmin by name Sivapada Hridayar with his virtuous wife Bhagavathiar. Both of
    them were ardent devotees of Lord Siva. Sivapada Hridayar prayed to the Lord
    for the boon of a worthy son. The Lord granted this boon and soon was brought
    into this world a radiant male child. They brought up this child with great
    love and devotion, knowing fully well that it was a purposeful gift from the
    Lord. The child, too, would weep for his separation from his divine parents
    Lord Siva and Parvathy, though ordinary people mistook it for a baby’s crying
    habit.

    One day Sivapada Hridayar and his wife took the child with them to the temple
    tank in which they wanted to bathe. The child had insisted on being taken with
    them. They left the child on the bank and went in to bathe. The child looked at
    the tower of the temple and began to cry for his parents. This outwardly
    appears to be a mere childish action but the Lord, who knew its inner meaning,
    wanted to bless the child. Siva and his consort Parvathiappeared before the
    child and the goddess nursed the child at her breast, giving the child divine
    qualities. From that moment he was known as Aludaiya Pillayar or one who enjoys
    the protection of the Lord: and also as Tiru Jnana Sambandar as he attained
    divine wisdom through the grace of Lord Siva and Parvathy From that occasion
    Sambandar began to sing soul-stirring songs in praise of Lord Siva. The
    collection of these songs is called Thevaram.

    The next day Pillayar went to Tirukkolakka and sang a song, clapping his hands
    to keep time. Lord Siva, pleased with this, presented him with a pair of golden
    cymbals. Sambandar began to sing, with the help of the golden cymbals.
    Sambandar then went on pilgrimages. During the course of them, many miraculous
    events took place. Sambandar demonstrated to possess the nature of those truly
    great saints who adore even devotees of the Lord as the Lord Himself and sing
    their glories, not regarding that as worship or adoration of a human being, but
    of manifest divinity. During the occasion of investiture of sacred thread at
    the age of seven, he to the great surprise of the brahmins who came to perform
    the ceremony, exponded in flawless manner countless shlokas of vedas, many
    ancient sanskrit texts and cleared all their doubts on conducting vedic
    rituals. He is regarded as an incarnation of Lord Muruga (karthikeya).

    The news on the existence of one young Brahmin alleged to have been blessed
    with Divine Knowledge by Lord Siva directly provoqued anxiety among Jains,
    whose king gave them permission to burn Sambandar’s camp. The Jains failed to
    set fire to Sambandar’s camp. So, they set fire to the camp in which the
    devotees were lodged. They got up, ran to Sambandar and told him what had
    happened. He sang a Padigam expressing the wish that the fire for which the
    king was responsible should proceed towards him. As soon as Sambandar sang the
    Padigam, the fire in the camp died out and proceeded towards the king, in the
    form of a dreadful disease. The king experienced burning sensation all over the
    body. All the endeavours of the doctors and the Jain priests to alleviate the
    king’s suffering proved futile. The queen and the ministers understood the real
    cause of the king’s ailment and requested him to call Sambandar immediately so
    that his grace might relieve him of the distress. Sambandar sang a Padigam in
    praise of the sacred Ash (Bhasma) and with his own hand smeared the Ash on the
    right side of the king’s body. At once the burning sensation stopped and the
    king experienced a cooling sensation. Sambandar applied the holy Ash on the
    left side also and the disease vanished completely. The queen and the minister
    fell at Sambandar’s feet. The king followed suit and praised him. Equally the
    buddhist had oportunity to appreciate the spiritual greatness of Sambandar.

    As a wandering minstrel Sambandar sang several hymns and opposed the then
    prevalent Jain and buddhist heterodoxy in the Tamil country and is credited
    with the conversion of the Pandya king from his Jain faith. The saint was
    instrumental in ousting buddhist and jain philosophies from India

    In Mylapore there lived a merchant by name Sivanesar. He was a staunch Siva
    Bhakta. He had all wealth but had no children. In answer to his sincere prayer,
    Lord Siva blessed him with a female child. They named her Poompavai. She was
    very beautiful. Sivanesar heard of Sambandar’s greatness and felt that he was
    the only suitable match for his daughter. Mentally, he had offered her to
    Sambandar. One day when Poompavai was gathering flowers in the garden, she was
    bitten by a poisonous snake and she died. Sivanesar at once cremated the body
    of the girl, collected the ashes and preserved them in a pot. Daily he would
    decorate the pot with flowers, etc., and sit near it meditating on Sambandar.
    The news that Sambandar was staying at Tiruvotriyur reached the merchant; at
    once he decided going to the encounter of Sambandar. He had heard about
    Sivanesar and his worship of the pot which contained the ashes of his daughter,
    and he wanted to please Sivanesar by bringing the girl back to life. Having
    worshipped the Lord and sang hymns, Sambandar asked Sivanesar to bring the pot
    of ashes. Sambandar addressed the pot and sang a Padigam. While he was doing
    it, Poompavai got her form and got her life becoming a twelve year old girl.
    When Sambandar finished the tenth stanza, she came out of the pot, even as
    Lakshmi came out of the Lotus. All were amazed at this miracle. According to
    the wishes of Sambandar, Sivanesar built an Ashram for his daughter where she
    spent her days in worship of the Lord and attained Him.

    After visting a number of shrines, Sambandar returned to Sirkali. He had
    reached his sixteenth year. Moved by the wish for getting him married, his
    father selected the adecuated woman and welcomed the alliance. The wedding was
    to take place at Nallur Perumanam. Sambandar went to the temple, worshipped the
    Lord and got His blessings. In a pearl palanquin he came to the place where the
    wedding was to take place. Sambandar held his wife’s hand and, accompanied by
    many devotees, the couple went into the temple and worshipped the Lord, with
    total self-surrender. Sambandar sang a Padigam praying for Liberation. The Lord
    granted his wish and said: ‘Oh Sambandar, you, your wife, and all those who
    witnessed your marriage will merge in the Siva Jyoti and come to Me. ’ At once,
    an effulgent Light emerged from the Lord. Before merging in that Light,
    Sambandar sang a Padigam known as the Panchakshara Padigam. Then all those who
    were there merged in the Light of Siva.

    Tirumurai Title Author
    1, 2, 3. Tirukadaikkappu Sambandar
    4, 5, 6. Tevaram Appar
    7 Tirupaatu Sundarar
    8 Tiruvacakam and Tirukkovaiyar Manikkavacakar
    9 Tiruvisaippa & Tiruppallaandu Various poets
    10 Tirumandhiram Tirumular
    11 Prabandham Various poets
    12 Periya Puranam Sekkizhar

    Regards,
    Kannan Kumaraswamy
    www.kondaiya.info
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    Brahin is offline Senior Member
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